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Romans 16:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you. Amen.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the God of peace will soon bruise Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you. Amen.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Howbeit, the God of peace, will crush Satan under your feet shortly. The favour of our Lord Jesus, be with you.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the God of the peace shall bruise the Adversary under your feet quickly; the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you. Amen!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the God of peace crush Satan under your feet speedily. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the God of peace shal bruise Satan vnder your feete shortly. The grace of our Lord Iesus Christ be with you. Amen.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But the God of peace will soon bruise Satana beneath your feet. The grace of our Lord Jeshu Meshiha be with you!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Messiah, be with you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
of peace 1515
{1515} Prime
εἰρήνη
eirene
{i-ray'-nay}
Probably from a primary verb εἴρω [[eiro]] (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication prosperity.
shall bruise 4937
{4937} Prime
συντρίβω
suntribo
{soon-tree'-bo}
From G4862 and the base of G5147; to crush completely, that is, to shatter (literally or figuratively).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
Satan 4567
{4567} Prime
Σατανᾶς
Satanas
{sat-an-as'}
Of Chaldee origin corresponding to G4566 (with the definite article affixed); the accuser, that is, the devil.
under 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
your y5216
[5216] Standard
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
x2257
(2257) Complement
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
feet 4228
{4228} Prime
πούς
pous
{pooce}
A primary word; a 'foot' (figuratively or literally).
shortly. 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
5034
{5034} Prime
τάχος
tachos
{takh'-os}
From the same as G5036; a brief space (of time), that is, (with G1722 prefixed) in haste.
The x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
of our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
[be] with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
you. 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
Amen. 281
{0281} Prime
ἀμήν
amen
{am-ane'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0543]; properly firm, that is, (figuratively) trustworthy; adverbially surely (often as interjection so be it).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 16:20

_ _ And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly — The apostle encourages the Romans to persevere in resisting the wiles of the devil with the assurance that, as good soldiers of Jesus Christ, they are “shortly” to receive their discharge, and have the satisfaction of “putting their feet upon the neck” of that formidable enemy — symbol familiar, probably, in all languages to express not only the completeness of the defeat, but the abject humiliation of the conquered foe. (See Joshua 10:24; 2 Samuel 22:41; Ezekiel 21:29; Psalms 91:13). Though the apostle here styles Him who is thus to bruise Satan, the God of peace,” with special reference to the “divisions” (Romans 16:17) by which the church at Rome was in danger of being disturbed, this sublime appellation of God has here a wider sense, pointing to the whole “purpose for which the Son of God was manifested, to destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8); and indeed this assurance is but a reproduction of the first great promise, that the Seed of the woman should bruise the Serpent’s head (Genesis 3:15).

_ _ The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen — The “Amen” here has no manuscript authority. What comes after this, where one would have expected the epistle to close, has its parallel in Philippians 4:20, etc., and being in fact common in epistolary writings, is simply a mark of genuineness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 16:17-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 16:20

And the God of peace — The Author and Lover of it, giving a blessing to your discretion. Shall bruise Satan under your feet — Shall defeat all the artifices of that sower of tares, and unite you more and more together in love.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 16:20

(4) And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you. Amen.

(4) We must fight with a certain hope of victory.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the God:

Romans 15:33 Now the God of peace [be] with you all. Amen.

shall:

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Isaiah 25:8-12 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken [it]. ... And the fortress of the high fort of thy walls shall he bring down, lay low, [and] bring to the ground, [even] to the dust.
Romans 8:37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
Hebrews 2:14-15 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; ... And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
1 John 3:8 He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.
Revelation 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.
Revelation 20:1-3 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. ... And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.

bruise:
or, tread,
Job 40:12 Look on every one [that is] proud, [and] bring him low; and tread down the wicked in their place.
Isaiah 63:3 I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.
Zechariah 10:5 And they shall be as mighty [men], which tread down [their enemies] in the mire of the streets in the battle: and they shall fight, because the LORD [is] with them, and the riders on horses shall be confounded.
Malachi 4:3 And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do [this], saith the LORD of hosts.
Luke 10:19 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.

The grace:

Romans 16:24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you all. Amen.
1 Corinthians 16:2-4 Upon the first [day] of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as [God] hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. ... And if it be meet that I go also, they shall go with me.
2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, [be] with you all. Amen. [[[The second [epistle] to the Corinthians was written from Philippi, [a city] of Macedonia, by Titus and Lucas.]]]
Galatians 6:18 Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with your spirit. Amen. [[[To [the] Galatians written from Rome.]]]
Philippians 4:23 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you all. Amen. [[[To [the] Philippians written from Rome, by Epaphroditus.]]]
1 Thessalonians 5:28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you. Amen. [[[The first [epistle] to the Thessalonians was written from Athens.]]]
2 Thessalonians 3:18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you all. Amen. [[[The second [epistle] to the Thessalonians was written from Athens.]]]
2 Timothy 4:22 The Lord Jesus Christ [be] with thy spirit. Grace [be] with you. Amen. [[[The second [epistle] unto Timotheus, ordained the first bishop of the church of the Ephesians, was written from Rome, when Paul was brought before Nero the second time.]]]
Philemon 1:25 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with your spirit. Amen. [[[Written from Rome to Philemon, by Onesimus a servant.]]]
Revelation 22:21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you all. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Jb 40:12. Is 25:8; 63:3. Zc 10:5. Mal 4:3. Lk 10:19. Ro 8:37; 15:33; 16:24. 1Co 16:2. 2Co 13:14. Ga 6:18. Php 4:23. 1Th 5:28. 2Th 3:18. 2Ti 4:22. Phm 1:25. He 2:14. 1Jn 3:8. Rv 12:10; 20:1; 22:21.

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