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Romans 16:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brethren that are with them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren which are with them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the brethren with them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren who are with them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brethren with them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brethren that are with them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren with them;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes: and the brethren that are with them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren which are with them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Ask the peace of Asynkritos, and of Phlegun, and of Arma, and of Patroba, and of Herma, and of the brethren who are with them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Salute Asyncritus, and Phlegon, and Hermas, and Patrobas, and Hermes, and the brethren who are with them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Salute 782
{0782} Prime
ἀσπάζομαι
aspazomai
{as-pad'-zom-ahee}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
z5663
<5663> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 54
Asyncritus, 799
{0799} Prime
Ἀσύγκριτος
Asugkritos
{as-oong'-kree-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G4793; incomparable; Asyncritus, a Christian.
Phlegon, 5393
{5393} Prime
Φλέγων
Phlegon
{fleg'-one}
Active participle of the base of G5395; blazing; Phlegon, a Christian.
Hermas, 2057
{2057} Prime
Ἑρμᾶς
Hermas
{her-mas'}
Probably from G2060; Hermas, a Christian.
Patrobas, 3969
{3969} Prime
Πατροβᾶς
Patrobas
{pat-rob'-as}
Perhaps a contraction for 'patrobios' (a compound of G3962 and G0979); father's life; Patrobas, a Christian.
Hermes, 2060
{2060} Prime
Ἑρμῆς
Hermes
{her-mace'}
Perhaps from G2046; Hermes, the name of the messenger of the Greek deities; also of a Christian.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
brethren 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
which are with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
them. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 16:14-15

_ _ Salute Asyncritus, etc. — These have been thought to be the names of ten less notable Christians than those already named. But this will hardly be supposed if it be observed that they are divided into two pairs of five each, and that after the first of these pairs it is added, “and the brethren which are with them,” while after the second pair we have the words, “and all the saints which are with them.” This perhaps hardly means that each of the five in both pairs had “a church at his house,” else probably this would have been more expressly said. But at least it would seem to indicate that they were each a center of some few Christians who met at his house — it may be for further instruction, for prayer, for missionary purposes, or for some other Christian objects. These little peeps into the rudimental forms which Christian fellowship first took in the great cities, though too indistinct for more than conjecture, are singularly interesting. Our apostle would seem to have been kept minutely informed as to the state of the church at Rome, both as to its membership and its varied activities, probably by Priscilla and Aquila.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 16:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 16:14

Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, &c. — He seems to join those together, who were joined by kindred, nearness of habitation, or any other circumstance. It could not but encourage the poor especially, to be saluted by name, who perhaps did not know that the apostle bad ever heard of them. It is observable, that whilst the apostle forgets none who are worthy, yet he adjusts the nature of his salutation to the degrees of worth in those whom he salutes.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and:

Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Colossians 1:2 To the saints and faithful brethren in Christ which are at Colosse: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Hebrews 3:1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;
1 Peter 1:22-23 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently: ... Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
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Ro 8:29. Col 1:2. He 3:1. 1P 1:22.

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