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Romans 16:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Salute Rufus the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Greet Rufus, a choice man in the Lord, also his mother and mine.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Salute Rufus, chosen in [the] Lord; and his mother and mine.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Salute Rufus, the chosen in the Lord; also his and my mother.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Salute Rufus, the choice one in the Lord, and his mother and mine,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Salute Rufus, elect in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Ask for the peace of Rufus, the chosen in our Lord, and of his mother and mine.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Salute Rufus, chosen in our Lord; and his and my mother.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Salute 782
{0782} Prime
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
<5663> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 54
Rufus 4504
{4504} Prime
Of Latin origin; red; Rufus, a Christian.
chosen 1588
{1588} Prime
From G1586; select; by implication favorite.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
his y846
[0846] Standard
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
(0848) Complement
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
mother 3384
{3384} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a 'mother' (literally or figuratively, immediate or remote).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
mine. 1700
{1700} Prime
A prolonged form of G3449; of me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 16:13

_ _ Salute Rufus, chosen — “the chosen”

_ _ in the Lord — meaning, not “who is one of the elect,” as every believer is, but “the choice” or “precious one” in the Lord. (See 1 Peter 2:4; 2 John 1:13). We read in Mark 15:21 that Simon of Cyrene, who was compelled to bear our Lord’s cross, was “the father of Alexander and Rufus.” From this we naturally conclude that when Mark wrote his Gospel, Alexander and Rufus must have been well known as Christians among those by whom he expected his Gospel to be first read; and, in all likelihood, this was that very “Rufus”; in which case our interest is deepened by what immediately follows about his mother.

_ _ and — salute.

_ _ his mother and mine — The apostle calls her “his own mother,” not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother (Matthew 12:49, Matthew 12:50), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master’s sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. To us it seems altogether likely that the conversion of Simon the Cyrenian dated from that memorable day when “passing [casually] by, as he came from the country” (Mark 15:21), “they compelled him to bear the” Savior's cross. Sweet compulsion, if what he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his own cross! Through him it is natural to suppose that his wife would be brought in, and that this believing couple, now “heirs together of the grace of life” (1 Peter 3:7), as they told their two sons, Alexander and Rufus, what honor had unwittingly been put upon their father at that hour of deepest and dearest moment to all Christians, might be blessed to the inbringing of both of them to Christ. In this case, supposing the elder of the two to have departed to be with Christ ere this letter was written, or to have been residing in some other place, and Rufus left alone with his mother, how instructive and beautiful is the testimony here borne to her!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 16:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 16:13

Salute Rufus — Perhaps the same that is mentioned, Mark 15:21. And his mother and mine — This expression may only denote the tender care which Rufus's mother had taken of him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Mark 15:21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.


Matthew 20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
John 15:16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and [that] your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.
Ephesians 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
2 Thessalonians 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:
2 John 1:1 The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;


Matthew 12:49-50 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! ... For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
Mark 3:35 For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
John 19:27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own [home].
1 Timothy 5:2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 12:49; 20:16. Mk 3:35; 15:21. Jn 15:16; 19:27. Ep 1:4. 2Th 2:13. 1Ti 5:2. 2Jn 1:1.

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