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Romans 15:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For I say that Christ hath been made a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, that he might confirm the promises [given] unto the fathers,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises [made] unto the fathers:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For I say that Christ has become a servant to the circumcision on behalf of the truth of God to confirm the promises [given] to the fathers,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises [made] to the fathers:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For I say that Jesus Christ became a minister of [the] circumcision for [the] truth of God, to confirm the promises of the fathers;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For I affirm Christ to have become a minister of circumcision in behalf of the truth of God,—to confirm the promises of the fathers,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I say Jesus Christ to have become a ministrant of circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises to the fathers,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I say that Christ Jesus was minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now I say, that Iesus Christ was a Minister of the circumcision for the trueth of God, to confirme the promises [made] vnto the fathers:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But I say that Jeshu Meshiha ministered [to] the circumcision, on behalf of the truth of Aloha, that he might confirm the promise of the fathers,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Now I say, that Jesus Messiah ministered to the circumcision, in behalf of the truth of God, in order to confirm the promise [made] to the fathers;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
that Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
was 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5771
<5771> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 9
a minister 1249
{1249} Prime
διάκονος
diakonos
{dee-ak'-on-os}
Probably from διάκω [[diako]] (obsolete, to run on errands; compare G1377); an attendant, that is, (generally) a waiter (at table or in other menial duties); specifically a Christian teacher and pastor (technically a deacon or deaconess).
of the circumcision 4061
{4061} Prime
περιτομή
peritome
{per-it-om-ay'}
From G4059; circumcision (the rite, the condition or the people, literally or figuratively).
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
the truth 225
{0225} Prime
ἀλήθεια
aletheia
{al-ay'-thi-a}
From G0227; truth.
of God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
confirm 950
{0950} Prime
βεβαιόω
bebaioo
{beb-ah-yo'-o}
From G0949; to stabilitate (figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
promises 1860
{1860} Prime
ἐπαγγελία
epaggelia
{ep-ang-el-ee'-ah}
From G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good).
[made] unto the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fathers: 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 15:8-12

_ _ Now — “For” is the true reading: the apostle is merely assigning an additional motive to Christian forbearance.

_ _ I say that Jesus Christ was — “hath become”

_ _ a minister of the circumcision — a remarkable expression, meaning “the Father’s Servant for the salvation of the circumcision (or, of Israel).”

_ _ for the truth of God — to make good the veracity of God towards His ancient people.

_ _ to confirm the — Messianic

_ _ promises made unto the fathers — To cheer the Jewish believers, whom he might seem to have been disparaging, and to keep down Gentile pride, the apostle holds up Israel’s salvation as the primary end of Christ’s mission. But next after this, Christ was sent.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 15:7-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 15:8

Now I say — The apostle here shows how Christ received us. Christ Jesus — Jesus is the name, Christ the surname. The latter was first known to the Jews; the former, to the gentiles. Therefore he is styled Jesus Christ, when the words stand in the common, natural order. When the order is inverted, as here, the office of Christ is more solemnly considered. Was a servant — Of his Father. Of the circumcision — For the salvation of the circumcised, the Jews. For the truth of God — To manifest the truth and fidelity of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 15:8

(5) Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the (f) circumcision for the (g) truth of God, to confirm the promises [made] unto the fathers:

(5) An applying of the example of Christ to the Jews, whom he granted this honour for the promises which he made to their fathers, although they were ever so unworthy, in that he executed the office of a minister among them with marvellous patience: therefore much less ought the Gentiles despise them for certain faults, whom the Son of God esteemed so much.

(f) Of the circumcised Jews, for as long as he lived, he never went out of their midst.

(g) That God might be seen to be true.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I say:

Romans 3:26 To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
1 Corinthians 1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
1 Corinthians 10:19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?
1 Corinthians 10:29 Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another [man's] conscience?
1 Corinthians 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.

Jesus:

Romans 9:4-5 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises; ... Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
Matthew 15:24 But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
John 1:11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
Acts 3:25-26 Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed. ... Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities.
Acts 13:46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.
Galatians 4:4-5 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, ... To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

for the:

Romans 3:3 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
Psalms 98:2-3 The LORD hath made known his salvation: his righteousness hath he openly shewed in the sight of the heathen. ... He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
Micah 7:20 Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, [and] the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.
Luke 1:54-56 He hath holpen his servant Israel, in remembrance of [his] mercy; ... And Mary abode with her about three months, and returned to her own house.
Luke 1:70-73 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began: ... The oath which he sware to our father Abraham,
2 Corinthians 1:20 For all the promises of God in him [are] yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.

truth:

Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
Romans 9:23-24 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, ... Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
Romans 11:22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in [his] goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
Romans 11:30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:
Isaiah 24:15-16 Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, [even] the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea. ... From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, [even] glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, [and] one shepherd.
Ephesians 2:12-22 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: ... In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
Ephesians 3:1-8 For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, ... Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ;
1 Peter 2:9-10 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: ... Which in time past [were] not a people, but [are] now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
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Ps 98:2. Is 24:15. Mi 7:20. Mt 15:24; 20:28. Lk 1:54, 70. Jn 1:11; 10:16. Ac 3:25; 13:46. Ro 3:3, 26; 9:4, 23; 11:22, 30; 15:16. 1Co 1:12; 10:19, 29; 15:50. 2Co 1:20. Ga 4:4. Ep 2:12; 3:1. 1P 2:9.

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