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Romans 15:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Yea, it hath been their good pleasure; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they owe it [to them] also to minister unto them in carnal things.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Yes, they were pleased [to do so], and they are indebted to them. For if the Gentiles have shared in their spiritual things, they are indebted to minister to them also in material things.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister to them in carnal things.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They have been well pleased indeed, and they are their debtors; for if the nations have participated in their spiritual things, they ought also in fleshly to minister to them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They have been well-pleased, indeed,—and, their debtors, they are; for, if, with their spiritual things the nations have come into fellowship, they are bound also with their own carnal things to minister publicly unto them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for it pleased well, and their debtors they are, for if in their spiritual things the nations did participate, they ought also, in the fleshly things, to minister to them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For it hath pleased them: and they are their debtors. For, if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they ought also in carnal things to minister to them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— It hath pleased them [verely], and their detters they are. For if the Gentiles haue bene made partakers of their spirituall things, their duetie is also to minister vnto them in carnall things.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— They have desired (this), because they also are indebted to them. For if the Gentiles have participated with them in the Spirit, they are indebted to serve them in the flesh.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— They were willing, because they were also debtors to them: for if the Gentiles have been participators with them in the Spirit, they are debtors to serve them also in things of the flesh.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
It hath pleased x2106
(2106) Complement
εὐδοκέω
eudokeo
{yoo-dok-eh'-o}
From G2095 and G1380; to think well of, that is, approve (an act); specifically to approbate (a person or thing).
them y2106
[2106] Standard
εὐδοκέω
eudokeo
{yoo-dok-eh'-o}
From G2095 and G1380; to think well of, that is, approve (an act); specifically to approbate (a person or thing).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
verily; 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
debtors 3781
{3781} Prime
ὀφειλέτης
opheiletes
{of-i-let'-ace}
From G3784; an ower, that is, a person indebted; figuratively a delinquent; morally a transgressor (against God).
they are. 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Gentiles 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
have been made partakers 2841
{2841} Prime
κοινωνέω
koinoneo
{koy-no-neh'-o}
From G2844; to share with others (objectively or subjectively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
of their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
spiritual things, 4152
{4152} Prime
πνευματικός
pneumatikos
{pnyoo-mat-ik-os'}
From G4151; non-carnal, that is, (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious.
their duty x3784
(3784) Complement
ὀφείλω
opheilo
{of-i'-lo}
Including its prolonged form (second form) used in certain tenses. Probably from the base of G3786 (through the idea of accruing); to owe (pecuniarily); figuratively to be under obligation (ought, must, should); morally to fail in duty.
is y3784
[3784] Standard
ὀφείλω
opheilo
{of-i'-lo}
Including its prolonged form (second form) used in certain tenses. Probably from the base of G3786 (through the idea of accruing); to owe (pecuniarily); figuratively to be under obligation (ought, must, should); morally to fail in duty.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to minister 3008
{3008} Prime
λειτουργέω
leitourgeo
{li-toorg-eh'-o}
From G3011; to be a public servant, that is, (by analogy) to perform religious or charitable functions (worship, obey, relieve).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
unto them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
carnal things. 4559
{4559} Prime
σαρκικός
sarkikos
{sar-kee-kos'}
From G4561; pertaining to flesh, that is, (by extension) bodily, temporal, or (by implication) animal, unregenerate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 15:25-27.


Romans 15:27

_ _ For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also — “they owe it also”

_ _ to minister unto them in carnal things — (Compare 1 Corinthians 9:11; Galatians 6:6; and see Luke 7:4; Acts 10:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 15:22-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 15:27

It hath pleased them; and they are their debtors — That is, they are bound to it, in justice as well as mercy. Spiritual things — By the preaching of the gospel. Carnal things — Things needful for the body.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 15:27

(11) It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to (q) minister unto them in carnal things.

(11) Alms are voluntary, but yet we at the same time owe these by the law of charity.

(q) To serve their turns.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and:

Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
1 Corinthians 9:11 If we have sown unto you spiritual things, [is it] a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things?
Galatians 6:6 Let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teacheth in all good things.
Philemon 1:19 I Paul have written [it] with mine own hand, I will repay [it]: albeit I do not say to thee how thou owest unto me even thine own self besides.
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Ro 11:17. 1Co 9:11. Ga 6:6. Phm 1:19.

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