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Romans 14:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the kingdom of God is not food and drink, but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness, and peace, and joy in [the] Holy Spirit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in Holy Spirit;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the reign of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink: but justice and peace and joy in the Holy Ghost.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the kingdome of God is not meat and drinke; but righteousnes, and peace, and ioy in the holy Ghost.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the kingdom of Aloha is not meat and drink, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Spirit of Holiness.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the kingdom of God, is not food and drink; but is righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
kingdom 932
{0932} Prime
βασιλεία
basileia
{bas-il-i'-ah}
From G0935; properly royalty, that is, (abstractly) rule, or (concretely) a realm (literally or figuratively).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
meat 1035
{1035} Prime
βρῶσις
brosis
{bro'-sis}
From the base of G0977; (abstractly) eating (literally or figuratively); by extension (concretely) food (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
drink; 4213
{4213} Prime
πόσις
posis
{pos'-is}
From the alternate of G4095; a drinking (the act), that is, (concretely) a draught.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
righteousness, 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
peace, 1515
{1515} Prime
εἰρήνη
eirene
{i-ray'-nay}
Probably from a primary verb εἴρω [[eiro]] (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication prosperity.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
joy 5479
{5479} Prime
χαρά
chara
{khar-ah'}
From G5463; cheerfulness, that is, calm delight.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the Holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Ghost. 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 14:16-17.


Romans 14:17

_ _ For the kingdom of God — or, as we should say, Religion; that is, the proper business and blessedness for which Christians are formed into a community of renewed men in thorough subjection to God (compare 1 Corinthians 4:20).

_ _ is not meat and drink — “eating and drinking”

_ _ but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost — a beautiful and comprehensive division of living Christianity. The first — “righteousness” — has respect to God, denoting here “rectitude,” in its widest sense (as in Matthew 6:33); the second — “peace” — has respect to our neighbors, denoting “concord” among brethren (as is plain from Romans 14:19; compare Ephesians 4:3; Colossians 3:14, Colossians 3:15); the third — “joy in the Holy Ghost” — has respect to ourselves. This phrase, “joy in the Holy Ghost,” represents Christians as so thinking and feeling under the workings of the Holy Ghost, that their joy may be viewed rather as that of the blessed Agent who inspires it than their own (compare 1 Thessalonians 1:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 14:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 14:17

For the kingdom of God — That is, true religion, does not consist in external observances. But in righteousness — The image of God stamped on the heart; the love of God and man, accompanied with the peace that passeth all understanding, and joy in the Holy Ghost.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 14:17

(17) For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.

(17) A general reason, and the foundation of the entire argument: the kingdom of heaven consists not in these outward things, but in the study of righteousness, and peace, and comfort of the Holy Spirit.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
kingdom:

Daniel 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.
Matthew 3:2 And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
Luke 14:15 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed [is] he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
Luke 17:20-21 And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God cometh not with observation: ... Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.
John 3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
1 Corinthians 4:20 For the kingdom of God [is] not in word, but in power.
1 Corinthians 6:9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
1 Thessalonians 2:12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.

is:

1 Corinthians 8:8 But meat commendeth us not to God: for neither, if we eat, are we the better; neither, if we eat not, are we the worse.
Colossians 2:16-17 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath [days]: ... Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [is] of Christ.
Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.

but:

Isaiah 45:24 Surely, shall [one] say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: [even] to him shall [men] come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:
2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:

peace:

Romans 5:1-5 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: ... And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded [is] death; but to be spiritually minded [is] life and peace.
Romans 8:15-16 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. ... The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
Romans 15:13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.
Isaiah 55:12 For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap [their] hands.
Isaiah 61:3 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
John 16:33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.
Acts 9:31 Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.
Acts 13:52 And the disciples were filled with joy, and with the Holy Ghost.
Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
Philippians 2:1 If [there be] therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies,
Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.
Philippians 4:4 Rejoice in the Lord alway: [and] again I say, Rejoice.
Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.
Colossians 1:11 Strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience and longsuffering with joyfulness;
1 Thessalonians 1:6 And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost:
1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 45:24; 55:12; 61:3. Jr 23:5. Dn 2:44; 9:24. Mt 3:2; 6:33. Lk 14:15; 17:20. Jn 3:3, 5; 16:33. Ac 9:31; 13:52. Ro 5:1; 8:6, 15; 15:13. 1Co 1:30; 4:20; 6:9; 8:8. 2Co 5:21. Ga 5:22. Php 2:1; 3:3, 9; 4:4, 7. Col 1:11; 2:16. 1Th 1:6; 2:12. He 13:9. 1P 1:8. 2P 1:1.

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The only definition of the Kingdom of God in the New Testament.
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