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Romans 14:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I know, and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself: save that to him who accounteth anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that [there is] nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him [it is] unclean.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself; but to him who thinks anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that [there is] nothing unclean by itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him [it is] unclean.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I know, and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself; except to him who reckons anything to be unclean, to that man [it is] unclean.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus—that, nothing, is profane of itself,—save to him who reckoneth anything to be profane, unto that man, [it is] profane,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have known, and am persuaded, in the Lord Jesus, that nothing [is] unclean of itself, except to him who is reckoning anything to be unclean—to that one [it is] unclean;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I know, and am confident in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I know, and am perswaded by the Lord Iesus, that there is nothing vncleane of it selfe: but to him that esteemeth any thing to bee vncleane, to him it is vncleane.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For I know, and am persuaded in the Lord Jeshu, that a thing which is unclean from itself is not (so); but to him who judgeth of any thing that it is polluted, to him only it is polluted.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I know indeed, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing which is unclean in itself; but to him who thinketh any thing to be unclean, to him only it is defiled.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I know, 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
am persuaded 3982
{3982} Prime
πείθω
peitho
{pi'-tho}
A primary verb; to convince (by argument, true or false); by analogy to pacify or conciliate (by other fair means); reflexively or passively to assent (to evidence or authority), to rely (by inward certainty).
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus, 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
[there is] nothing 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
unclean 2839
{2839} Prime
κοινός
koinos
{koy-nos'}
Probably from G4862; common, that is, (literally) shared by all or several, or (ceremonially) profane.
of 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
itself: 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
but 1508
{1508} Prime
εἴ μή
ei me
{i may}
From G1487 and G3361; if not.
to him that esteemeth 3049
{3049} Prime
λογίζομαι
logizomai
{log-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
any thing 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
to be 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
unclean, 2839
{2839} Prime
κοινός
koinos
{koy-nos'}
Probably from G4862; common, that is, (literally) shared by all or several, or (ceremonially) profane.
to him 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
[it is] unclean. 2839
{2839} Prime
κοινός
koinos
{koy-nos'}
Probably from G4862; common, that is, (literally) shared by all or several, or (ceremonially) profane.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 14:14-15

_ _ I know, and am persuaded by — or rather, “in”

_ _ the Lord Jesus — as “having the mind of Christ” (1 Corinthians 2:16).

_ _ that there is nothing unclean of itself — Hence it is that he calls those “the strong” who believed in the abolition of all ritual distinctions under the Gospel. (See Acts 10:15).

_ _ but — “save that”

_ _ to him that esteemeth anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean — “and therefore, though you can eat of it with out sin, he cannot.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 14:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 14:14

I am assured by the Lord Jesus — Perhaps by a particular revelation. That there is nothing — Neither flesh nor herbs. Unclean of itself — Unlawful under the gospel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 14:14

(13) I know, and am persuaded by the (n) Lord Jesus, that [there is] nothing unclean of (o) itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him [it is] unclean.

(13) The preventing of an objection: it is true that the right of the law to be schoolmaster is taken away by the benefit of Christ, to those who know it, but yet nonetheless we have to consider in the use of this liberty what is expedient, that we may have regard to our weak brother, seeing that our liberty is not lost in doing this.

(n) By the Spirit of the Lord Jesus, or by the Lord Jesus, who broke down the wall at his coming.

(o) By nature.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and am:

Acts 10:28 And he said unto them, Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean.

that there:

Romans 14:2 For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs.
Romans 14:20 For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed [are] pure; but [it is] evil for that man who eateth with offence.
1 Corinthians 10:25 Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, [that] eat, asking no question for conscience sake:
1 Timothy 4:4 For every creature of God [is] good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:
Titus 1:15 Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.

unclean:
Gr. common,
Acts 10:14-15 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean. ... And the voice [spake] unto him again the second time, What God hath cleansed, [that] call not thou common.
Acts 11:8-9 But I said, Not so, Lord: for nothing common or unclean hath at any time entered into my mouth. ... But the voice answered me again from heaven, What God hath cleansed, [that] call not thou common.

to him it:

Romans 14:23 And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because [he eateth] not of faith: for whatsoever [is] not of faith is sin.
1 Corinthians 8:7 Howbeit [there is] not in every man that knowledge: for some with conscience of the idol unto this hour eat [it] as a thing offered unto an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled.
1 Corinthians 8:10 For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols;
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Ac 10:14, 28; 11:8. Ro 14:2, 20, 23. 1Co 8:7, 10; 10:25. 1Ti 4:4. Tit 1:15.

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