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Romans 13:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— So that he that sets himself in opposition to the authority resists the ordinance of God; and they who [thus] resist shall bring sentence of guilt on themselves.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So that, he who rangeth himself against the authority, against the arrangement of God opposeth himself, and, they who oppose, shall unto themselves a sentence of judgment receive.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— so that he who is setting himself against the authority, against God's ordinance hath resisted; and those resisting, to themselves shall receive judgment.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore, he that resisteth the power resisteth the ordinance of God. And they that resist purchase to themselves damnation.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whosoeuer therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist, shall receiue to themselues damnation.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Whoever then riseth up against the power, against the institution of Aloha he riseth; and they who arise against them will receive judgment.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— He therefore who opposeth the authority, opposeth the establishment of God; and they who oppose them, shall receive judgment.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whosoever therefore y5620
[5620] Standard
ὥστε
hoste
{hoce'-teh}
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
resisteth 498
{0498} Prime
ἀντιτάσσομαι
antitassomai
{an-tee-tas'-som-ahee}
From G0473 and the middle of G5021; to range oneself against, that is, oppose.
z5734
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
x5620
(5620) Complement
ὥστε
hoste
{hoce'-teh}
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
power, 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
resisteth 436
{0436} Prime
ἀνθίστημι
anthistemi
{anth-is'-tay-mee}
From G0473 and G2476; to stand against, that is, oppose.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
ordinance 1296
{1296} Prime
διαταγή
diatage
{dee-at-ag-ay'}
From G1299; arrangement, that is, institution.
of God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
they that resist 436
{0436} Prime
ἀνθίστημι
anthistemi
{anth-is'-tay-mee}
From G0473 and G2476; to stand against, that is, oppose.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
shall receive 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
to themselves 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
damnation. 2917
{2917} Prime
κρίμα
krima
{kree'-mah}
From G2919; a decision (the function or the effect, for or against ['crime']).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 13:1-2.


Romans 13:2

_ _ Whosoever therefore resisteth the power — “So that he that setteth himself against the authority.”

_ _ resisteth the ordinance of God; and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation — or, “condemnation,” according to the old sense of that word; that is, not from the magistrate, but from God, whose authority in the magistrate’s is resisted.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 13:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 13:2

Whosoever resisteth the power — In any other manner than the laws of the community direct. Shall receive condemnation — Not only from the magistrate, but from God also.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
power:

Jeremiah 23:8-17 But, The LORD liveth, which brought up and which led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all countries whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land. ... They say still unto them that despise me, The LORD hath said, Ye shall have peace; and they say unto every one that walketh after the imagination of his own heart, No evil shall come upon you.
Jeremiah 44:14-17 So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape. ... But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for [then] had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.
Titus 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

ordinance:

Isaiah 58:2 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in approaching to God.
1 Peter 2:13 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;

receive:

Romans 13:5 Wherefore [ye] must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.
Matthew 23:14 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
Mark 12:40 Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
Luke 20:47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.
James 3:1 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 58:2. Jr 23:8; 44:14. Mt 23:14. Mk 12:40. Lk 20:47. Ro 13:5. Tit 3:1. Jm 3:1. 1P 2:13.

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