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Romans 12:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Let] love [be] without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let love be unfeigned; abhorring evil; cleaving to good:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Your love, [be] without hypocrisy,—loathing that which is wicked, cleaving to that which is good;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The love unfeigned: abhorring the evil; cleaving to the good;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let love be without dissimulation. Hating that which is evil, cleaving to that which is good,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let loue bee without dissimulation: abhorre that which is euill, cleaue to that which is good.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And let not your love be guileful; abhor things evil, cleave to the good.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Let not your love be guileful: but be haters of evil things, and adherers to good things.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Let] love 26
{0026} Prime
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
be without dissimulation. 505
{0505} Prime
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of G5271; undissembled, that is, sincere.
Abhor 655
{0655} Prime
From G0575 and the base of G4767; to detest utterly.
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
that which is evil; 4190
{4190} Prime
From a derivative of G4192; hurtful, that is, evil (properly in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively calamitous; also (passively) ill, that is, diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, that is, derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners.
cleave 2853
{2853} Prime
From κόλλα [[kolla]] ('glue'); to glue, that is, (passively or reflexively) to stick (figuratively).
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
to that which is good. 18
{0018} Prime
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 12:9

_ _ Let love be without dissimulation — “Let your love be unfeigned” (as in 2 Corinthians 6:6; 1 Peter 2:22; and see 1 John 3:18).

_ _ Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good — What a lofty tone of moral principle and feeling is here inculcated! It is not, Abstain from the one, and do the other; nor, Turn away from the one, and draw to the other; but, Abhor the one, and cling, with deepest sympathy, to the other.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 12:1-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 12:9

Having spoken of faith and its fruit, Romans 12:3, &c., he comes now to love. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good — Both inwardly and outwardly, whatever ill — will or danger may follow.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 12:9

(6) [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.

(6) Now he comes to the duties of the second table of the ten commandments, which he derives from charity, which is as it were the fountain of them all. And he defines Christian charity as sincerity, hatred of evil, earnest study of good things, good affection to help our neighbour, and whose final goal is the glory of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

2 Samuel 20:9-10 And Joab said to Amasa, [Art] thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. ... But Amasa took no heed to the sword that [was] in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth [rib], and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
Psalms 55:21 [The words] of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war [was] in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet [were] they drawn swords.
Proverbs 26:25 When he speaketh fair, believe him not: for [there are] seven abominations in his heart.
Ezekiel 33:31 And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee [as] my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, [but] their heart goeth after their covetousness.
Matthew 26:49 And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him.
John 12:6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.
2 Corinthians 6:6 By pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned,
2 Corinthians 8:8 I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love.
1 Thessalonians 2:3 For our exhortation [was] not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:
1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
James 2:15-16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, ... And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
1 Peter 4:8 And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.
1 John 3:18-20 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth. ... For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.


Psalms 34:14 Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.
Psalms 36:4 He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.
Psalms 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalms 97:10 Ye that love the LORD, hate evil: he preserveth the souls of his saints; he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked.
Psalms 101:3 I will set no wicked thing before mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; [it] shall not cleave to me.
Psalms 119:104 Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way.
Psalms 119:163 I hate and abhor lying: [but] thy law do I love.
Proverbs 8:13 The fear of the LORD [is] to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate.
Amos 5:15 Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
Hebrews 1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.


Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.
1 Thessalonians 5:15 See that none render evil for evil unto any [man]; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all [men].
Hebrews 12:14 Follow peace with all [men], and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:
1 Peter 3:10-11 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: ... Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 20:9. Ps 34:14; 36:4; 45:7; 55:21; 97:10; 101:3; 119:104, 163. Pv 8:13; 26:25. Ezk 33:31. Am 5:15. Mt 26:49. Jn 12:6. Ac 11:23. 2Co 6:6; 8:8. 1Th 2:3; 5:15. 1Ti 1:5. He 1:9; 12:14. Jm 2:15. 1P 1:22; 3:10; 4:8. 1Jn 3:18.

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