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Romans 12:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And be not fashioned according to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is the good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what [is] that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what [is] that good and acceptable, and perfect will of God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And be not conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of [your] mind, that ye may prove what [is] the good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And be not configuring yourselves unto this age, but be transforming yourselves by the renewing of your mind, to the end ye may be proving what is the thing willed by God—the good and acceptable and perfect.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and be not conformed to this age, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, for your proving what [is] the will of God—the good, and acceptable, and perfect.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And be not conformed to this world: but be reformed in the newness of your mind, that you may prove what is the good and the acceptable and the perfect will of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And bee not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renuing of your minde, that ye may proue what is that good, that acceptable and perfect will of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And be not likened unto this world, but be changed by the renewing of your minds, that you may discern what is the will of Aloha, good, and acceptable, and perfect.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And be not conformed to this world; but be ye transformed, by the renovation of your minds: and discern ye what is the good and acceptable and perfect pleasure of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
be y4964
[4964] Standard
συσχηματίζω
suschematizo
{soos-khay-mat-id'-zo}
From G4862 and a derivative of G4976; to fashion alike, that is, conform to the same pattern (figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
conformed 4964
{4964} Prime
συσχηματίζω
suschematizo
{soos-khay-mat-id'-zo}
From G4862 and a derivative of G4976; to fashion alike, that is, conform to the same pattern (figuratively).
z5728
<5728> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Either Middle or Passive (See G5787)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 6
to this 5129
{5129} Prime
τούτῳ
touto
{too'-to}
Dative singular masculine or neuter of G3778; to (in, with or by) this (person or thing).
world: 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
be ye transformed 3339
{3339} Prime
μεταμορφόω
metamorphoo
{met-am-or-fo'-o}
From G3326 and G3445; to transform (literally or figuratively 'metamorphose').
z5744
<5744> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 48
by the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
renewing 342
{0342} Prime
ἀνακαίνωσις
anakainosis
{an-ak-ah'-ee-no-sis}
From G0341; renovation.
of your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
mind, 3563
{3563} Prime
νοῦς
nous
{nooce}
Probably from the base of G1097; the intellect, that is, mind (divine or human; in thought, feeling, or will); by implication meaning.
that y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
ye 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
may prove 1381
{1381} Prime
δοκιμάζω
dokimazo
{dok-im-ad'-zo}
From G1384; to test (literally or figuratively); by implication to approve.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
[is] that good, 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
acceptable, 2101
{2101} Prime
εὐάρεστος
euarestos
{yoo-ar'-es-tos}
From G2095 and G0701; fully agreeable.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
perfect, 5046
{5046} Prime
τέλειος
teleios
{tel'-i-os}
From G5056; complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with G3588) completeness.
will 2307
{2307} Prime
θέλημα
thelema
{thel'-ay-mah}
From the prolonged form of G2309; a determination (properly the thing), that is, (actively) choice (specifically purpose, decree; abstractly volition) or (passively) inclination.
of God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 12:2

_ _ And be ye not conformed to this world — Compare Ephesians 2:2; Galatians 1:4, Greek.

_ _ but be ye transformed — or, “transfigured” (as in Matthew 17:2; and 2 Corinthians 3:18, Greek).

_ _ by the renewing of your mind — not by a mere outward disconformity to the ungodly world, many of whose actions in themselves may be virtuous and praiseworthy; but by such an inward spiritual transformation as makes the whole life new — new in its motives and ends, even where the actions differ in nothing from those of the world — new, considered as a whole, and in such a sense as to be wholly unattainable save through the constraining power of the love of Christ.

_ _ that ye may prove — that is, experimentally. (On the word “experience” see on Romans 5:4, and compare 1 Thessalonians 5:10, where the sentiment is the same).

_ _ what is that — “the”

_ _ good and acceptable — “well-pleasing”

_ _ and perfect, will of God — We prefer this rendering (with Calvin) to that which many able critics [Tholuck, Meyer, De Wette, Fritzsche, Philippi, Alford, Hodge] adopt — “that ye may prove,” or “discern the will of God, [even] what is good, and acceptable, and perfect.” God’s will is “good,” as it demands only what is essentially and unchangeably good (Romans 7:10); it is “well pleasing,” in contrast with all that is arbitrary, as demanding only what God has eternal complacency in (compare Micah 6:8, with Jeremiah 9:24); and it is “perfect,” as it required nothing else than the perfection of God’s reasonable creature, who, in proportion as he attains to it, reflects God’s own perfection. Such then is the great general duty of the redeemed — SELF-CONSECRATION, in our whole spirit and soul and body to Him who hath called us into the fellowship of His Son Jesus Christ. Next follow specific duties, chiefly social; beginning with Humility, the chiefest of all the graces — but here with special reference to spiritual gifts.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 12:1-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 12:2

And be not conformed — Neither in judgment, spirit, nor behaviour. To this world — Which, neglecting the will of God, entirely follows its own. That ye may prove — Know by sure trial; which is easily done by him who has thus presented himself to God. What is that good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God — The will of God is here to be understood of all the preceptive part of Christianity, which is in itself so excellently good, so acceptable to God, and so perfective of our natures.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 12:2

(2) And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your (f) mind, that ye may prove what [is] that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

(2) The second precept is this, that we do not take other men's opinions or conduct as a rule for life, but that we wholly renounce this world, and set before us as our mark the will of God as is manifested and revealed to us in his word.

(f) This is the reason that there is no room left for reason, which the heathen philosophers place as a queen in a castle, nor for man's free will, which the popish scholars dream of, because the mind must be renewed; (Ephesians 1:18; Ephesians 2:3; Ephesians 4:17; Colossians 1:21)

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
be not:

Exodus 23:2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to [do] evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest [judgment]:
Leviticus 18:29-30 For whosoever shall commit any of these abominations, even the souls that commit [them] shall be cut off from among their people. ... Therefore shall ye keep mine ordinance, that [ye] commit not [any one] of these abominable customs, which were committed before you, and that ye defile not yourselves therein: I [am] the LORD your God.
Deuteronomy 18:9-14 When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations. ... For these nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners: but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so [to do].
John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.
John 14:30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.
John 15:19 If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.
John 17:14 I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.
1 Corinthians 3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.
2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
2 Corinthians 6:14-17 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? ... Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean [thing]; and I will receive you,
Galatians 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:
Ephesians 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:
Ephesians 4:17-20 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, ... But ye have not so learned Christ;
James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.
James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
1 Peter 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:
1 Peter 1:18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers;
1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
2 Peter 2:20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. ... And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
1 John 3:13 Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate you.
1 John 4:4-5 Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world. ... They are of the world: therefore speak they of the world, and the world heareth them.
1 John 5:19 [And] we know that we are of God, and the whole world lieth in wickedness.
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

be ye:

Romans 13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
Psalms 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
Ezekiel 18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
Ezekiel 36:26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
Ephesians 4:22-24 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; ... And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Colossians 1:21-22 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled ... In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:
Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new [man], which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:
Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

prove:

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
Psalms 34:8 O taste and see that the LORD [is] good: blessed [is] the man [that] trusteth in him.
Ephesians 5:10 Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord.
Ephesians 5:17 Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord [is].
1 Peter 2:3 If so be ye have tasted that the Lord [is] gracious.

good:

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
Romans 7:12 Wherefore the law [is] holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.
Romans 7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
Psalms 19:7-11 The law of the LORD [is] perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD [is] sure, making wise the simple. ... Moreover by them is thy servant warned: [and] in keeping of them [there is] great reward.
Psalms 119:47-48 And I will delight myself in thy commandments, which I have loved. ... My hands also will I lift up unto thy commandments, which I have loved; and I will meditate in thy statutes.
Psalms 119:72 The law of thy mouth [is] better unto me than thousands of gold and silver.
Psalms 119:97 MEM. O how love I thy law! it [is] my meditation all the day.
Psalms 119:103 How sweet are thy words unto my taste! [yea, sweeter] than honey to my mouth!
Psalms 119:128 Therefore I esteem all [thy] precepts [concerning] all [things to be] right; [and] I hate every false way.
Psalms 119:174 I have longed for thy salvation, O LORD; and thy law [is] my delight.
Proverbs 3:1-4 My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments: ... So shalt thou find favour and good understanding in the sight of God and man.
Proverbs 3:13-18 Happy [is] the man [that] findeth wisdom, and the man [that] getteth understanding. ... She [is] a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy [is every one] that retaineth her.
Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ... Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit [is] in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
Colossians 4:12 Epaphras, who is [one] of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God.
1 Thessalonians 4:3 For this is the will of God, [even] your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:
2 Timothy 3:16-17 All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: ... That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
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Ex 23:2. Lv 18:29. Dt 18:9. Ps 19:7; 34:8; 51:10; 119:47, 72, 97, 103, 128, 174. Pv 3:1, 13. Ezk 18:31; 36:26. Jn 7:7; 14:30; 15:19; 17:14. Ro 7:12, 14, 22; 12:1; 13:14. 1Co 3:19. 2Co 4:4; 5:17; 6:14. Ga 1:4; 5:22. Ep 1:18; 2:2; 4:17, 22; 5:9, 10, 17. Col 1:21; 3:10; 4:12. 1Th 4:3. 2Ti 3:16. Tit 3:5. Jm 1:27; 4:4. 1P 1:14, 18; 2:3; 4:2. 2P 1:4; 2:20. 1Jn 2:15; 3:13; 4:4; 5:19. Rv 12:9; 13:8.

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