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Romans 11:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, And a stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And David says, “LET THEIR TABLE BECOME A SNARE AND A TRAP, AND A STUMBLING BLOCK AND A RETRIBUTION TO THEM.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling-block, and a recompense to them:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David says, Let their table be for a snare, and for a gin, and for a fall-trap, and for a recompense to them:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, David, saith—Let their table be turned into a snare, and into gin, and into a trap, and into a recompense unto them,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and David saith, 'Let their table become for a snare, and for a trap, and for a stumbling-block, and for a recompense to them;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David saith: Let their table be made a snare and a trap and a stumblingblock and a recompense unto them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid sayth, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling blocke, and a recompense vnto them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And David again saith, Let their table become a snare before them, And their reward be for a stumbling-block:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And again, David said: Let their table become a snare before them; and let their recompense be a stumbling block.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
David 1138
{1138} Prime
Δαβίδ
Dabid
{dab-eed'}
Of Hebrew origin [H1732]; Dabid (that is, David), the Israelite king.
saith, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Let y1096
[1096] Standard
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
table 5132
{5132} Prime
τράπεζα
trapeza
{trap'-ed-zah}
Probably contracted from G5064 and G3979; a table or stool (as being four legged), usually for food (figuratively a meal); also a counter for money (figuratively a broker's office for loans at interest).
be made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5676
<5676> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 29
a x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
snare, 3803
{3803} Prime
παγίς
pagis
{pag-ece'}
From G4078; a trap (as fastened by a noose or notch); figuratively a trick or stratagem (temptation).
y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
trap, 2339
{2339} Prime
θήρα
thera
{thay'-rah}
From θήρ [[ther]] (a wild animal, as game); hunting, that is, (figuratively) destruction.
y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
stumblingblock, 4625
{4625} Prime
σκάνδαλον
skandalon
{skan'-dal-on}
A 'scandal'; probably from a derivative of G2578; a trap stick (bent sapling), that is, snare (figuratively cause of displeasure or sin).
y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
recompence 468
{0468} Prime
ἀνταπόδομα
antapodoma
{an-tap-od'-om-ah}
From G0467; a requital (properly the thing).
y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
unto them: 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:7-10.


Romans 11:9

_ _ And David saith — (Psalms 69:23), which in such a Messianic psalm must be meant of the rejecters of Christ.

_ _ Let their table, etc. — that is, Let their very blessings prove a curse to them, and their enjoyments only sting and take vengeance on them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:9

And David saith — In that prophetic imprecation, which is applicable to them, as well as to Judas. A recompence — Of their preceding wickedness. So sin is punished by sin; and thus the gospel, which should have fed and strengthened their souls, is become a means of destroying them. Psalms 69:22-23

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:9

And David saith, (i) Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them:

(i) As unhappy birds are enticed by that which is their sustenance, and then killed, and so did that thing turn to the Jew's destruction, out of which they sought life, that is, the law of God, for the preposterous zeal of which they refused the Gospel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
David saith:

Psalms 69:22-23 Let their table become a snare before them: and [that which should have been] for [their] welfare, [let it become] a trap. ... Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake.

their table:

Deuteronomy 6:10-12 And it shall be, when the LORD thy God shall have brought thee into the land which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and goodly cities, which thou buildedst not, ... [Then] beware lest thou forget the LORD, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.
Deuteronomy 32:13-15 He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat the increase of the fields; and he made him to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock; ... But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
1 Samuel 25:36-38 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart [was] merry within him, for he [was] very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light. ... And it came to pass about ten days [after], that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
Job 20:20-23 Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save of that which he desired. ... [When] he is about to fill his belly, [God] shall cast the fury of his wrath upon him, and shall rain [it] upon him while he is eating.
Proverbs 1:32 For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them.
Isaiah 8:13-14 Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and [let] him [be] your fear, and [let] him [be] your dread. ... And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Luke 12:20 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
Luke 16:19-25 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day: ... But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.
1 Timothy 6:17-19 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; ... Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.

a recompense:

Deuteronomy 32:35 To me [belongeth] vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in [due] time: for the day of their calamity [is] at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.
Psalms 28:4 Give them according to their deeds, and according to the wickedness of their endeavours: give them after the work of their hands; render to them their desert.
Isaiah 59:18 According to [their] deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence.
Isaiah 66:9 Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? saith the LORD: shall I cause to bring forth, and shut [the womb]? saith thy God.
Hebrews 2:2 For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 6:10; 32:13, 35. 1S 25:36. Jb 20:20. Ps 28:4; 69:22. Pv 1:32. Is 8:13; 59:18; 66:9. Lk 12:20; 16:19. 1Ti 6:17. He 2:2.

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