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Romans 11:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— What then? that which Israel seeketh for, that he obtained not; but the election obtained it, and the rest were hardened:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— What then? What Israel is seeking, it has not obtained, but those who were chosen obtained it, and the rest were hardened;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— What [is it] then? What Israel seeks for, that he has not obtained; but the election has obtained, and the rest have been blinded,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— What then? That which Israel seeketh after, the same, it hath not obtained:—the election, however, have obtained it, and, the rest, have been hardened;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— What then? What Israel doth seek after, this it did not obtain, and the chosen did obtain, and the rest were hardened,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— What then? That which Israel sought, he hath not obtained: but the election hath obtained it. And the rest have been blinded.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for, but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— What then, That which Israel sought he hath not found; but the election hath found: but the rest of them are blinded in their hearts.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— What then? Israel did not obtain that which it sought: but the election obtained it; and the rest of them were blinded in their heart,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
What 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
then? 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
Israel 2474
{2474} Prime
Ἰσραήλ
Israel
{is-rah-ale'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3478]; Israel (that is, Jisrael), the adopted name of Jacob, including his descendants (literally or figuratively).
hath y2013
[2013] Standard
ἐπιτυγχάνω
epitugchano
{ep-ee-toong-khan'-o}
From G1909 and G5177; to chance upon, that is, (by implication) attain.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x5127
(5127) Complement
τούτου
toutou
{too'-too}
Genitive singular masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) this (person or thing).
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
obtained 2013
{2013} Prime
ἐπιτυγχάνω
epitugchano
{ep-ee-toong-khan'-o}
From G1909 and G5177; to chance upon, that is, (by implication) attain.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
that y5127
[5127] Standard
τούτου
toutou
{too'-too}
Genitive singular masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) this (person or thing).
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
he seeketh for; 1934
{1934} Prime
ἐπιζητέω
epizeteo
{ep-eed-zay-teh'-o}
From G1909 and G2212; to search (inquire) for; intensively to demand, to crave.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
election 1589
{1589} Prime
ἐκλογή
ekloge
{ek-log-ay'}
From G1586; (divine) selection (abstractly or concretely).
hath obtained x2013
(2013) Complement
ἐπιτυγχάνω
epitugchano
{ep-ee-toong-khan'-o}
From G1909 and G5177; to chance upon, that is, (by implication) attain.
it, y2013
[2013] Standard
ἐπιτυγχάνω
epitugchano
{ep-ee-toong-khan'-o}
From G1909 and G5177; to chance upon, that is, (by implication) attain.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
rest 3062
{3062} Prime
λοιποί
loipoy
{loy-poy'}
Masculine plural of a derivative of G3007; remaining ones.
were blinded 4456
{4456} Prime
πωρόω
poroo
{po-ro'-o}
Apparently from πῶρος [[poros]] (a kind of stone); to petrify, that is, (figuratively) to indurate (render stupid or callous).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 11:7-10

_ _ What then? — How stands the fact?

_ _ Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for — better, “What Israel is in search of (that is, Justification, or acceptance with God — see on Romans 9:31); this he found not; but the election (the elect remnant of Israel) found it, and the rest were hardened,” or judicially given over to the “hardness of their own hearts.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:7

What then — What is the conclusion from the whole? It is this: that Israel in general hath not obtained justification; but those of them only who believe. And the rest were blinded — By their own wilful prejudice.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:7

What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were (f) blinded

(f) See (Mark 3:5).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What then:

Romans 3:9 What then? are we better [than they]? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;
Romans 6:15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.
1 Corinthians 10:19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?
Philippians 1:18 What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.

Israel:

Romans 9:31-32 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. ... Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
Proverbs 1:28 Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me:
Luke 13:24 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able.
Hebrews 12:17 For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.

but the election:
That is, the elect, the abstract being used for the concrete. So the Jews or the circumcised people, are called Israel, or the circumcision.
Romans 11:5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.
Romans 8:28-30 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. ... Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Romans 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,
Ephesians 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: ... Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

and the rest:

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
Isaiah 44:18 They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; [and] their hearts, that they cannot understand.
Matthew 13:14-15 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive: ... For this people's heart is waxed gross, and [their] ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] ears, and should understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
John 12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with [their] eyes, nor understand with [their] heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
2 Corinthians 3:14 But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which [vail] is done away in Christ.
2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

blinded:
or, hardened,
Romans 9:18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will [have mercy], and whom he will he hardeneth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 1:28. Is 6:10; 44:18. Mt 13:14. Lk 13:24. Jn 12:40. Ro 3:9; 6:15; 8:28; 9:18, 23, 31; 10:3; 11:5. 1Co 10:19. 2Co 3:14; 4:4. Ep 1:4. Php 1:18. 2Th 2:10, 13. He 12:17. 1P 1:2.

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