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Romans 11:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But if it is by grace, it is no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But if by grace, no longer of works: since [otherwise] grace is no more grace.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, however, by favour, no longer of works; else, favour, no longer proveth to be favour!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if by grace, no more of works, otherwise the grace becometh no more grace; and if of works, it is no more grace, otherwise the work is no more work.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if by grace, it is not now by works: otherwise grace is no more grace.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if by grace, then is it no more of workes: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it bee of workes, then is it no more grace, otherwise worke is no more worke.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But if by grace, it is not of works; otherwise grace is not grace. But if by works, it is not of grace; otherwise work is not work.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But if by grace, it is not by works: otherwise, grace is not grace. And if by works, it is not by grace: Otherwise, work is not work.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
by grace, 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
then [is it] no more 3765
{3765} Prime
οὐκέτι
ouketi
{ook-et'-ee}
From G3756 and G2089; not yet, no longer.
y2089
[2089] Standard
ἔτι
eti
{et'-ee}
Perhaps akin to G2094; 'yet', still (of time or degree).
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
works: 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
otherwise 1893
{1893} Prime
ἐπεί
epei
{ep-i'}
From G1909 and G1487; there upon, that is, since (of time or cause).
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
is 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
no more 3765
{3765} Prime
οὐκέτι
ouketi
{ook-et'-ee}
From G3756 and G2089; not yet, no longer.
y2089
[2089] Standard
ἔτι
eti
{et'-ee}
Perhaps akin to G2094; 'yet', still (of time or degree).
grace. 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
[it be] of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
then is x2076
(2076) Complement
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
it y2076
[2076] Standard
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
no more 3765
{3765} Prime
οὐκέτι
ouketi
{ook-et'-ee}
From G3756 and G2089; not yet, no longer.
y2089
[2089] Standard
ἔτι
eti
{et'-ee}
Perhaps akin to G2094; 'yet', still (of time or degree).
grace: 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
otherwise 1893
{1893} Prime
ἐπεί
epei
{ep-i'}
From G1909 and G1487; there upon, that is, since (of time or cause).
work 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
no more 3765
{3765} Prime
οὐκέτι
ouketi
{ook-et'-ee}
From G3756 and G2089; not yet, no longer.
y2089
[2089] Standard
ἔτι
eti
{et'-ee}
Perhaps akin to G2094; 'yet', still (of time or degree).
work. 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 11:6

_ _ And, etc. — better, “Now if it (the election) be by grace, it is no more of works; for [then] grace becomes no more grace: but if it be of works,” etc. (The authority of ancient manuscripts against this latter clause, as superfluous and not originally in the text, though strong, is not sufficient, we think, to justify its exclusion. Such seeming redundancies are not unusual with our apostle). The general position here laid down is of vital importance: That there are but two possible sources of salvation — men’s works, and God’s grace; and that these are so essentially distinct and opposite, that salvation cannot be of any combination or mixture of both, but must be wholly either of the one or of the other. (See on Romans 4:25, Note 3.)

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:6

And if by grace, then it is no more of works — Whether ceremonial or moral. Else grace is no longer grace — The very nature of grace is lost. And if it be of works, then it is no more grace: else work is no longer work — But the very nature of it is destroyed. There is something so absolutely inconsistent between the being justified by grace, and the being justified by works, that, if you suppose either, you of necessity exclude the other. For what is given to works is the payment of a debt; whereas grace implies an unmerited favour. So that the same benefit cannot, in the very nature of things, be derived from both.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:6

(5) And if by grace, then [is it] (e) no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.

(5) Even though all are not elect and chosen, yet let those that are elected remember that they are freely chosen: and let those that stubbornly refuse the grace and free mercy of God impute it to themselves.

(e) This saying demolishes the doctrine of all kinds and manner of works, by which our justifiers of themselves teach that works are either wholly or partly the cause of our justification.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
And if:

Romans 3:27-28 Where [is] boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. ... Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
Romans 4:4-5 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. ... But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
Romans 5:20-21 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: ... That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Deuteronomy 9:4-6 Speak not thou in thine heart, after that the LORD thy God hath cast them out from before thee, saying, For my righteousness the LORD hath brought me in to possess this land: but for the wickedness of these nations the LORD doth drive them out from before thee. ... Understand therefore, that the LORD thy God giveth thee not this good land to possess it for thy righteousness; for thou [art] a stiffnecked people.
1 Corinthians 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness [come] by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
Ephesians 2:4-9 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, ... Not of works, lest any man should boast.
2 Timothy 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

otherwise work:
That is, it loses its character, or nature - that of claiming reward as a matter of right.
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Dt 9:4. Ro 3:27; 4:4; 5:20. 1Co 15:10. Ga 2:21; 5:4. Ep 2:4. 2Ti 1:9. Tit 3:5.

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