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Romans 11:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD , OR WHO BECAME HIS COUNSELOR?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counselor?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For who has known [the] mind of [the] Lord, or who has been his counsellor?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For who hath come to know the mind of the Lord? Or who hath become his counselor?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for who did know the mind of the Lord? or who did become His counsellor?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord? Or who hath been his counsellor?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For who hath knowen the mind of the Lord, or who hath bene his counseller?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord, or who hath been his counsellor?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord? Or who hath been a counsellor to him?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
hath known 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the mind 3563
{3563} Prime
νοῦς
nous
{nooce}
Probably from the base of G1097; the intellect, that is, mind (divine or human; in thought, feeling, or will); by implication meaning.
of the Lord? 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
hath been 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
counsellor? 4825
{4825} Prime
σύμβουλος
sumboulos
{soom'-boo-los}
From G4862 and G1012; a consultor, that is, adviser.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 11:34-35

_ _ For who hath known the mind of the Lord? — See Job 15:8; Jeremiah 23:18.

_ _ or who hath been his counsellor — See Isaiah 40:13, Isaiah 40:14.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:33-36.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:34

Who hath known the mind of the Lord — Before or any farther than he has revealed it. Isaiah 40:13.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:34

(18) For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?

(18) He bridles the wicked boldness of man in three ways: firstly, because God is above all most wise, and therefore it is very absurd and plainly godless to measure him by our folly. Secondly, because he is debtor to no man, and therefore no man can complain of injury done to him. Thirdly, because all things are made for his glory, and therefore we must ascribe all things to his glory, much less may we contend and debate the matter with him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 15:8 Hast thou heard the secret of God? and dost thou restrain wisdom to thyself?
Job 36:22 Behold, God exalteth by his power: who teacheth like him?
Isaiah 40:13 Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or [being] his counsellor hath taught him?
Jeremiah 23:18 For who hath stood in the counsel of the LORD, and hath perceived and heard his word? who hath marked his word, and heard [it]?
1 Corinthians 2:16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 15:8; 36:22. Is 40:13. Jr 23:18. 1Co 2:16.

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