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Romans 11:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For God hath shut up all unto disobedience, that he might have mercy upon all.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For God has shut up all in disobedience so that He may show mercy to all.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For God hath shut up together all in unbelief, in order that he might shew mercy to all.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For God hath shut up all together, in a refusal to yield, in order that, upon all, he may bestow mercy.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for God did shut up together the whole to unbelief, that to the whole He might do kindness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For God hath concluded all in unbelief, that he may have mercy on all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For God hath concluded them all in vnbeliefe, that he might haue mercy vpon all.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For Aloha hath included them all in disobedience, that upon all he might show mercy.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For God hath shut up all men in disobedience, that upon all men he might have mercy.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
hath concluded 4788
{4788} Prime
συγκλείω
sugkleio
{soong-kli'-o}
From G4862 and G2808; to shut together, that is, include or (figuratively) embrace in a common subjection to.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
unbelief, 543
{0543} Prime
ἀπείθεια
apeitheia
{ap-i'-thi-ah}
From G0545; disbelief (obstinate and rebellious).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
he might have mercy 1653
{1653} Prime
ἐλεέω
eleeo
{el-eh-eh'-o}
From G1656; to compassionate (by word or deed, specifically by divine grace).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
upon all. 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 11:32

_ _ For God hath concluded them all in unbelief — “hath shut them all up to unbelief”

_ _ that he might have mercy upon all — that is, those “all” of whom he had been discoursing; the Gentiles first, and after them the Jews [Fritzsche, Tholuck, Olshausen, De Wette, Philippi, Stuart, Hodge]. Certainly it is not “all mankind individually” [Meyer, Alford]; for the apostle is not here dealing with individuals, but with those great divisions of mankind, Jew and Gentile. And what he here says is that God’s purpose was to shut each of these divisions of men to the experience first of an humbled, condemned state, without Christ, and then to the experience of His mercy in Christ.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:32

For God hath shut up all together in disobedience — Suffering each in their turn to revolt from him. First, God suffered the gentiles in the early age to revolt, and took the family of Abraham as a peculiar seed to himself. Afterwards he permitted them to fall through unbelief, and took in the believing gentiles. And he did even this to provoke the Jews to jealousy, and so bring them also in the end to faith. This was truly a mystery in the divine conduct, which the apostle adores with such holy astonishment.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:32

For God hath concluded them (f) all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.

(f) Both Jews and Gentiles.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Romans 3:9 What then? are we better [than they]? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;
Romans 3:22 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
Galatians 3:22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

concluded them all:
or, shut them all up together,
John 1:7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all [men] through him might believe.
John 12:32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all [men] unto me.
1 Timothy 2:4-6 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. ... Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jn 1:7; 12:32. Ro 3:9, 22. Ga 3:22. 1Ti 2:4.

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