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Romans 11:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— even so have these also now been disobedient, that by the mercy shown to you they also may now obtain mercy.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— so these also now have been disobedient, that because of the mercy shown to you they also may now be shown mercy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— so these also have now not believed in your mercy, in order that *they* also may be objects of mercy.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So, these also, have now refused to yield, by your own mercy, in order that, themselves also, should now become objects of mercy;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— so also these now did not believe, that in your kindness they also may find kindness;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So these also now have not believed, for your mercy, that they also may obtain mercy.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Euen so haue these also now not beleeued, that through your mercy they also may obtaine mercy.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— so also these are now disobedient for the mercy that is upon you, that upon them also might be mercy.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— so also are they now disobedient to the mercy, which is upon you, that there may be mercy on them likewise.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Even so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
have y544
[0544] Standard
ἀπειθέω
apeitheo
{ap-i-theh'-o}
From G0545; to disbelieve (wilfully and perversely).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
these 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
now 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
not believed, 544
{0544} Prime
ἀπειθέω
apeitheo
{ap-i-theh'-o}
From G0545; to disbelieve (wilfully and perversely).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
through your 5212
{5212} Prime
ὑμέτερος
humeteros
{hoo-met'-er-os}
From G5210; yours, that is, pertaining to you.
mercy 1656
{1656} Prime
ἔλεος
eleos
{el'-eh-os}
Of uncertain affinity; compassion (human or divine, especially active).
they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
may obtain mercy. 1653
{1653} Prime
ἐλεέω
eleeo
{el-eh-eh'-o}
From G1656; to compassionate (by word or deed, specifically by divine grace).
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:30-31.


Romans 11:31

_ _ Even so have these — the Jews.

_ _ now not believed — or, “now been disobedient”

_ _ that through your mercy — the mercy shown to you.

_ _ they also may obtain mercy — Here is an entirely new idea. The apostle has hitherto dwelt upon the unbelief of the Jews as making way for the faith of the Gentiles — the exclusion of the one occasioning the reception of the other; a truth yielding to generous, believing Gentiles but mingled satisfaction. Now, opening a more cheering prospect, he speaks of the mercy shown to the Gentiles as a means of Israel’s recovery; which seems to mean that it will be by the instrumentality of believing Gentiles that Israel as a nation is at length to “look on Him whom they have pierced and mourn for Him,” and so to “obtain mercy.” (See 2 Corinthians 3:15, 2 Corinthians 3:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
believed:
or, obeyed,
Romans 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
Romans 11:15 For if the casting away of them [be] the reconciling of the world, what [shall] the receiving [of them be], but life from the dead?
Romans 11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.
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Ro 10:16; 11:15, 25.

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