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Romans 11:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For if thou wast cut out of that which is by nature a wild olive tree, and wast grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more shall these, which are the natural [branches], be grafted into their own olive tree?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural [branches], be graffed into their own olive tree?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For if you were cut off from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these who are the natural [branches] be grafted into their own olive tree?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if thou wast cut out of the olive-tree which is wild by nature, and wast ingrafted contrary to nature into a good olive-tree; how much more shall these, which are the natural [branches], be grafted into their own olive-tree?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For if *thou* hast been cut out of the olive tree wild by nature, and, contrary to nature, hast been grafted into the good olive tree, how much rather shall they, who are according to nature be grafted into their own olive tree?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, if, thou, out of the naturally wild olive was cut out, and, beyond nature, hast been engrafted into the good olive, how much rather, shall these, the natural [branches] be engrafted into their own olive tree?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for if thou, out of the olive tree, wild by nature, wast cut out, and, contrary to nature, wast graffed into a good olive tree, how much rather shall they, who [are] according to nature, be graffed into their own olive tree?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if thou were cut out of the wild olive tree, which is natural to thee; and, contrary to nature, wert grafted into the good olive tree: how much more shall they that are the natural branches be grafted into their own olive tree?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if thou wert cut out of the Oliue tree which is wilde by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good Oliue tree: how much more shall these which be the naturall [branches], bee graffed into their owne Oliue tree?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if thou who art of the wild olive which is thy nature, wast cut off, and, which was not thy nature, art engrafted into the good olive, how much more they, if they are engrafted into the olive of their nature?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For if thou wast plucked from the wild olive-tree, which was natural to thee, and wast grafted, contrary to thy nature, into a good olive-tree; how much more may they be grafted into their natural olive-tree?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
wert cut 1581
{1581} Prime
ἐκκόπτω
ekkopto
{ek-kop'-to}
From G1537 and G2875; to exscind; figuratively to frustrate.
z5648
<5648> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 72
out x1537
(1537) Complement
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
of y1537
[1537] Standard
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
olive tree which is wild 65
{0065} Prime
ἀγριέλαιος
agrielaios
{ag-ree-el'-ah-yos}
From G0066 and G1636; an oleaster.
by 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
nature, 5449
{5449} Prime
φύσις
phusis
{foo'-sis}
From G5453; growth (by germination or expansion), that is, (by implication) natural production (lineal descent); by extension a genus or sort; figuratively native disposition, constitution or usage.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
wert graffed 1461
{1461} Prime
ἐγκεντρίζω
egkentrizo
{eng-ken-trid'-zo}
From G1722 and a derivative of G2759; to prick in, that is, ingraft.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
contrary x3844
(3844) Complement
παρά
para
{par-ah'}
A primary preposition; properly near, that is, (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]). In compounds it retains the same variety of application.
to y3844
[3844] Standard
παρά
para
{par-ah'}
A primary preposition; properly near, that is, (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]). In compounds it retains the same variety of application.
nature 5449
{5449} Prime
φύσις
phusis
{foo'-sis}
From G5453; growth (by germination or expansion), that is, (by implication) natural production (lineal descent); by extension a genus or sort; figuratively native disposition, constitution or usage.
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a good olive tree: 2565
{2565} Prime
καλλιέλαιος
kallielaios
{kal-le-el'-ah-yos}
From the base of G2566 and G1636; a cultivated olive tree, that is, a domesticated or improved one.
how much 4214
{4214} Prime
πόσος
posos
{pos'-os}
From an obsolete 'pos' (who, what) and G3739; interrogitive pronoun (of amount) how much (large, long or [plural] many).
more 3123
{3123} Prime
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
shall these, 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
which x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
be the natural 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
5449
{5449} Prime
φύσις
phusis
{foo'-sis}
From G5453; growth (by germination or expansion), that is, (by implication) natural production (lineal descent); by extension a genus or sort; figuratively native disposition, constitution or usage.
[branches], be graffed into 1461
{1461} Prime
ἐγκεντρίζω
egkentrizo
{eng-ken-trid'-zo}
From G1722 and a derivative of G2759; to prick in, that is, ingraft.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
their own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
olive tree? 1636
{1636} Prime
ἐλαία
elaia
{el-ah'-yah}
Feminine of a presumed derivative from an obsolete primary; an olive (the tree or the fruit).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 11:24

_ _ For if thou wert cut — “wert cut off”

_ _ from the olive tree, which is wild by nature, and wast grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more shall these, etc. — This is just the converse of Romans 11:21 : “As the excision of the merely engrafted Gentiles through unbelief is a thing much more to be expected than was the excision of the natural Israel, before it happened; so the restoration of Israel, when they shall be brought to believe in Jesus, is a thing far more in the line of what we should expect, than the admission of the Gentiles to a standing which they never before enjoyed.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:24

Contrary to nature — For according to nature, we graft the fruitful branch into the wild stock; but here the wild branch is grafted into the fruitful stock.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:24

For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by (z) nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a (a) good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural [branches], be graffed into their own olive tree?

(z) Understand nature, not as it was first made, but as it was corrupted in Adam, and so passed on from him to his posterity.

(a) Into the people of the Jews, whom God had sanctified only by his grace: and he speaks of the whole nation, not of any one part.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Romans 11:17-18 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree; ... Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.
Romans 11:30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:
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Ro 11:17, 30.

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