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Romans 11:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold then the goodness and severity of God: toward them that fell, severity; but toward thee, God's goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in [his] goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Behold then the kindness and severity of God; to those who fell, severity, but to you, God’s kindness, if you continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them who fell, severity; but towards thee, goodness, if thou shalt continue in [his] goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold then [the] goodness and severity of God: upon them who have fallen, severity; upon thee goodness of God, if thou shalt abide in goodness, since [otherwise] *thou* also wilt be cut away.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— See, then, the kindness and the severity of God: upon them who have fallen, severity,—but, upon thee, the kindness of God, if thou abide still in the kindness,—otherwise, thou also, shalt he cut out;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, then, goodness and severity of God—upon those indeed who fell, severity; and upon thee, goodness, if thou mayest remain in the goodness, otherwise, thou also shalt be cut off.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— See then the goodness and the severity of God: towards them indeed that are fallen, the severity; but towards thee, the goodness of God, if thou abide in goodness. Otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Beholde therefore the goodnesse and seueritie of God: on them which fell, seueritie; but towards thee, goodnesse, if thou continue in his goodnesse: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Behold, then, the goodness and the severity of Aloha: towards them who fell, severity; but towards thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness; if not, thou also wilt be cut off.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Behold now the benignity and the severity of God: on them who fell, severity; but on thee, benignity, if thou continuest in that benignity; and if not, thou also wilt be plucked off.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
the goodness 5544
{5544} Prime
χρηστότης
chrestotes
{khray-stot'-ace}
From G5543; usefulness, that is, moral excellence (in character or demeanor).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
severity 663
{0663} Prime
ἀποτομία
apotomia
{ap-ot-om-ee'-ah}
From the base of G0664; (figuratively) decisiveness, that is, rigor.
of God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
x3303
(3303) Complement
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
them which fell, 4098
{4098} Prime
πίπτω
pipto
{pip'-to}
The first is a reduplicated and contracted form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); probably akin to G4072 through the idea of alighting; to fall (literally of figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
severity; 663
{0663} Prime
ἀποτομία
apotomia
{ap-ot-om-ee'-ah}
From the base of G0664; (figuratively) decisiveness, that is, rigor.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
toward 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
thee, 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
goodness, 5544
{5544} Prime
χρηστότης
chrestotes
{khray-stot'-ace}
From G5543; usefulness, that is, moral excellence (in character or demeanor).
if 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
thou continue y1961
[1961] Standard
ἐπιμένω
epimeno
{ep-ee-men'-o}
From G1909 and G3306; to stay over, that is, remain (figuratively persevere).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
in x1961
(1961) Complement
ἐπιμένω
epimeno
{ep-ee-men'-o}
From G1909 and G3306; to stay over, that is, remain (figuratively persevere).
[his] goodness: 5544
{5544} Prime
χρηστότης
chrestotes
{khray-stot'-ace}
From G5543; usefulness, that is, moral excellence (in character or demeanor).
otherwise 1893
{1893} Prime
ἐπεί
epei
{ep-i'}
From G1909 and G1487; there upon, that is, since (of time or cause).
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
shalt be cut off. 1581
{1581} Prime
ἐκκόπτω
ekkopto
{ek-kop'-to}
From G1537 and G2875; to exscind; figuratively to frustrate.
z5691
<5691> Grammar
Tense - Second Future (See G5781)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 26
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 11:22-23

_ _ Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them that fell, severity — in rejecting the chosen seed.

_ _ but toward thee, goodness — “God’s goodness” is the true reading, that is, His sovereign goodness in admitting thee to a covenant standing who before wert a “stranger to the covenants of promise” (Ephesians 2:12-20).

_ _ if thou continue in his goodness — in believing dependence on that pure goodness which made thee what thou art.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:22

Else shalt thou — Also, who now "standest by faith," be both totally and finally cut off.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:22

(11) Behold therefore the (x) goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in [his] (y) goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.

(11) Seeing that the matter itself declares that election comes not by inheritance (although the fault is in men, and not in God, why the blessing of God is not perpetual) we must take good heed that those things are not found in ourselves, which we think blameworthy in others, for the election is sure, but those that are truly elect and ingrafted, are not proud in themselves with contempt of others, but with due reverence to God, and love towards their neighbour, run to the mark which is set before them.

(x) The tender and loving heart.

(y) In that state which God's bountifulness has advanced you to: and we must mark here that he is not speaking of the election of every individual man, which remains steadfast forever, but of the election of the whole nation.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
therefore:

Romans 2:4-5 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance? ... But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Romans 9:22-23 [What] if God, willing to shew [his] wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: ... And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,
Numbers 14:18-22 The LORD [is] longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing [the guilty], visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation]. ... Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice;
Deuteronomy 32:39-43 See now that I, [even] I, [am] he, and [there is] no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither [is there any] that can deliver out of my hand. ... Rejoice, O ye nations, [with] his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, [and] to his people.
Joshua 23:15-16 Therefore it shall come to pass, [that] as all good things are come upon you, which the LORD your God promised you; so shall the LORD bring upon you all evil things, until he have destroyed you from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you. ... When ye have transgressed the covenant of the LORD your God, which he commanded you, and have gone and served other gods, and bowed yourselves to them; then shall the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land which he hath given unto you.
Psalms 58:10-11 The righteous shall rejoice when he seeth the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked. ... So that a man shall say, Verily [there is] a reward for the righteous: verily he is a God that judgeth in the earth.
Psalms 78:49-52 He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels [among them]. ... But made his own people to go forth like sheep, and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
Psalms 136:15-22 But overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red sea: for his mercy [endureth] for ever. ... [Even] an heritage unto Israel his servant: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.
Isaiah 66:14 And when ye see [this], your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like an herb: and the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, and [his] indignation toward his enemies.

severity:
The term severity αποτομια [Strong's G0663], from απο [Strong's G0575], from, and τεμνω, to cut off, properly denotes excision, cutting off, as the gardener cuts off, with a pruning knife, dead boughs, or luxuriant stems.

if thou:

Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:
Luke 8:15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep [it], and bring forth fruit with patience.
John 8:31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;
John 15:4-10 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. ... If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love.
Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.
Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, [and] exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.
1 Corinthians 15:2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
Galatians 6:9 And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.
1 Thessalonians 3:5 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.
1 Thessalonians 3:8 For now we live, if ye stand fast in the Lord.
Hebrews 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
Hebrews 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
Hebrews 10:23 Let us hold fast the profession of [our] faith without wavering; (for he [is] faithful that promised;)
Hebrews 10:35-39 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward. ... But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
Jude 1:20-21 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, ... Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

otherwise:

Ezekiel 3:20 Again, When a righteous [man] doth turn from his righteousness, and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumblingblock before him, he shall die: because thou hast not given him warning, he shall die in his sin, and his righteousness which he hath done shall not be remembered; but his blood will I require at thine hand.
Ezekiel 18:24 But when the righteous turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, [and] doeth according to all the abominations that the wicked [man] doeth, shall he live? All his righteousness that he hath done shall not be mentioned: in his trespass that he hath trespassed, and in his sin that he hath sinned, in them shall he die.
Ezekiel 33:17-19 Yet the children of thy people say, The way of the Lord is not equal: but as for them, their way is not equal. ... But if the wicked turn from his wickedness, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall live thereby.
Matthew 3:9-10 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. ... And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
John 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.
Revelation 2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
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Nu 14:18. Dt 32:39. Jsh 23:15. Ps 58:10; 78:49; 136:15. Is 66:14. Ezk 3:20; 18:24; 33:17. Mt 3:9. Lk 8:15. Jn 8:31; 15:2, 4. Ac 11:23; 14:22. Ro 2:4, 7; 9:22. 1Co 15:2. Ga 6:9. 1Th 3:5, 8. He 3:6, 14; 10:23, 35. 1Jn 2:19. Jde 1:20. Rv 2:5.

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