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Romans 11:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But if some of the branches were broken off, and thou, being a wild olive, wast grafted in among them, and didst become partaker with them of the root of the fatness of the olive tree;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive-tree, art ingrafted among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive-tree;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now if some of the branches have been broken out, and *thou*, being a wild olive tree, hast been grafted in amongst them, and hast become a fellow-partaker of the root and of the fatness of the olive tree,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, however, some of the branches, have been broken out, and, thou, being a wild olive hast been grafted in among them, and hast become a joint partaker of the root of the fatness of the olive,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And if certain of the branches were broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wast graffed in among them, and a fellow-partaker of the root and of the fatness of the olive tree didst become—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if some of the branches be broken and thou, being a wild olive, art ingrafted in them and art made partaker of the root and of the fatness of the olive tree:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if some of the branches bee broken off, and thou being a wilde oliue tree wert graffed in amongst them, and with them partakest of the roote and fatnesse of the Oliue tree:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And if the branches were cut off, and thou who art a wild olive art engrafted in their place, and hast a participation of the root and fatness of the olive,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if some of the branches were plucked off; and thou, an olive from the desert, wast in-grafted in their place, and hast become a participator of the root and fatness of the olive-tree;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if x1487
(1487) Complement
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
some y1536
[1536] Standard
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
x5100
(5100) Complement
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
branches 2798
{2798} Prime
κλάδος
klados
{klad'-os}
From G2806; a twig or bough (as if broken off).
be broken off, 1575
{1575} Prime
ἐκκλάω
ekklao
{ek-klah'-o}
From G1537 and G2806; to exscind.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
thou, 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
being 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
a wild olive tree, 65
{0065} Prime
ἀγριέλαιος
agrielaios
{ag-ree-el'-ah-yos}
From G0066 and G1636; an oleaster.
wert graffed in 1461
{1461} Prime
ἐγκεντρίζω
egkentrizo
{eng-ken-trid'-zo}
From G1722 and a derivative of G2759; to prick in, that is, ingraft.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
with y4791
[4791] Standard
συγκοινωνός
sugkoinonos
{soong-koy-no-nos'}
From G4862 and G2844; a co-participant.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
them 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
partakest 4791
{4791} Prime
συγκοινωνός
sugkoinonos
{soong-koy-no-nos'}
From G4862 and G2844; a co-participant.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
root 4491
{4491} Prime
ῥίζα
rhiza
{hrid'-zah}
Apparently a primary word; a 'root' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
fatness 4096
{4096} Prime
πιότης
piotes
{pee-ot'-ace}
From πίων [[pion]] (fat; perhaps akin to the alternate of G4095 through the idea of repletion); plumpness, that is, (by implication) richness (oiliness).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
olive tree; 1636
{1636} Prime
ἐλαία
elaia
{el-ah'-yah}
Feminine of a presumed derivative from an obsolete primary; an olive (the tree or the fruit).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 11:17-18

_ _ And if — rather, “But if”; that is, “If notwithstanding this consecration of Abraham’s race to God.

_ _ some of the branches — The mass of the unbelieving and rejected Israelites are here called “some,” not, as before, to meet Jewish prejudice (see on Romans 3:3, and on “not all” in Romans 10:16), but with the opposite view of checking Gentile pride.

_ _ and thou, being a wild olive, wert — “wast”

_ _ grafted in among them — Though it is more usual to graft the superior cutting upon the inferior stem, the opposite method, which is intended here, is not without example.

_ _ and with them partakest — “wast made partaker,” along with the branches left, the believing remnant.

_ _ of the root and fatness of the olive tree — the rich grace secured by covenant to the true seed of Abraham.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:17

Thou — O gentile. Being a wild olive tree — Had the graft been nobler than the stock, yet its dependance on it for life and nourishment would leave it no room to boast against it. How much less, when, contrary to what is practised among men, the wild olive tree is engrafted on the good!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:17

(10) And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in (q) among them, and with them (r) partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;

(10) There is no reason why the Gentiles who have obtained mercy, should triumph over the Jews who condemn the grace of God, seeing they are grafted in place of the Jews. But let them rather take heed, that also in them is not found that which is worthily condemned in the Jews. And from this also the general doctrine may be gathered and taken, that we ought to be zealous for God's glory, even in regards to our neighbours: and we should be very far from bragging and glorying because we are preferred before others by a singular grace.

(q) In place of those branches which are broken off.

(r) It is against the common manner of farming, that the barren juice of the young shoot is changed with the juice of the good tree.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
some:

Psalms 80:11-16 She sent out her boughs unto the sea, and her branches unto the river. ... [It is] burned with fire, [it is] cut down: they perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.
Isaiah 6:13 But yet in it [shall be] a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance thereof.
Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Jeremiah 11:16 The LORD called thy name, A green olive tree, fair, [and] of goodly fruit: with the noise of a great tumult he hath kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken.
Ezekiel 15:6-8 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; As the vine tree among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel, so will I give the inhabitants of Jerusalem. ... And I will make the land desolate, because they have committed a trespass, saith the Lord GOD.
Matthew 8:11-12 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. ... But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.

being:

Acts 2:39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, [even] as many as the Lord our God shall call.
Galatians 2:15 We [who are] Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,
Ephesians 2:11-13 Wherefore remember, that ye [being] in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; ... But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
Ephesians 3:6 That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:
Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;

among them:
or, for them

and with:

Deuteronomy 8:8 A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey;
Judges 9:8-9 The trees went forth [on a time] to anoint a king over them; and they said unto the olive tree, Reign thou over us. ... But the olive tree said unto them, Should I leave my fatness, wherewith by me they honour God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?
Psalms 52:8 But I [am] like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever.
Zechariah 4:3 And two olive trees by it, one upon the right [side] of the bowl, and the other upon the left [side] thereof.
Jonah 1:16 Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows.
Revelation 11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 8:8. Jg 9:8. Ps 52:8; 80:11. Is 6:13; 27:11. Jr 11:16. Ezk 15:6. Jna 1:16. Zc 4:3. Mt 8:11; 21:43. Jn 15:6. Ac 2:39. Ga 2:15. Ep 2:11; 3:6. Col 2:13. Rv 11:4.

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