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Romans 11:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if the firstfruit [be] holy, the lump [is] also [holy]: and if the root [be] holy, so [are] the branches.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If the first piece [of dough] is holy, the lump is also; and if the root is holy, the branches are too.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if the first fruit [is] holy, the lump [is] also [holy]: and if the root [is] holy, so [are] the branches.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now if the first-fruit [be] holy, the lump also; and if the root [be] holy, the branches also.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, moreover, the firstfruit [is] holy, the lump [shall be] also; and, if the root [is] holy, the branches [shall be] also.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if the first-fruit [is] holy, the lump also; and if the root [is] holy, the branches also.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if the firstfruit be holy, so is the lump also: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if the first fruite bee holy, the lumpe is also [holy]: and if the root be holy, so [are] the branches.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if the first-fruits be holy, (so) also (will be) the mass; and if the root be holy, (so) also the branches.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For, if the first-fruits [are] holy, then the mass [is] also: and if the root is holy, then also the branches.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
firstfruit 536
{0536} Prime
ἀπαρχή
aparche
{ap-ar-khay'}
From a compound of G0575 and G0756; a beginning of sacrifice, that is, the (Jewish) first fruit (figuratively).
[be] holy, 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
lump 5445
{5445} Prime
φύραμα
phurama
{foo'-ram-ah}
From a prolonged form of φύρω [[phuro]] (to mix a liquid with a solid; perhaps akin to G5453 through the idea of swelling in bulk), mean to knead; a mass of dough.
[is] also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[holy]: and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
root 4491
{4491} Prime
ῥίζα
rhiza
{hrid'-zah}
Apparently a primary word; a 'root' (literally or figuratively).
[be] holy, 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
so 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[are] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
branches. 2798
{2798} Prime
κλάδος
klados
{klad'-os}
From G2806; a twig or bough (as if broken off).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 11:16

_ _ For — “But”

_ _ if the first-fruit be holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root ... so the branches — The Israelites were required to offer to God the first-fruits of the earth — both in their raw state, in a sheaf of newly reaped grain (Leviticus 23:10, Leviticus 23:11), and in their prepared state, made into cakes of dough (Numbers 15:19-21) — by which the whole produce of that season was regarded as hallowed. It is probable that the latter of these offerings is here intended, as to it the word “lump” best applies; and the argument of the apostle is, that as the separation unto God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, from the rest of mankind, as the parent stem of their race, was as real an offering of first-fruits as that which hallowed the produce of the earth, so, in the divine estimation, it was as real a separation of the mass or “lump” of that nation in all time to God. The figure of the “root” and its “branches” is of like import — the consecration of the one of them extending to the other.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 11:16

And this will surely come to pass. For if the first fruits be holy, so is the lump — The consecration of them was esteemed the consecration of all and so the conversion of a few Jews is an earnest of the conversion of all the rest. And if the root be holy — The patriarchs from whom they spring, surely God will at length make their descendants also holy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 11:16

(9) For if the (o) firstfruit [be] holy, the lump [is] also [holy]: and if the root (p) [be] holy, so [are] the branches.

(9) The nation of the Jews being considered in their head and root, that is, in Abraham, is holy, although many of the branches are cut off. Therefore in judging of our brethren, we must not dwell on their unworthiness, to think that they are at once all cast off, but we ought to consider the root of the covenant, and rather go back to their ancestors who were faithful, that we may know that the blessing of the covenant rests in some of their posterity, as we also find proof here in ourselves.

(o) He alludes to the first fruits of those loaves, by the offering of which the whole crop of corn was sanctified, and they might use the rest of the crop for that year with good conscience.

(p) Abraham.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
if the firstfruit:

Exodus 22:29 Thou shalt not delay [to offer] the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.
Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, [which is] in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.
Exodus 23:19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
Leviticus 23:10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
Numbers 15:17-21 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... Of the first of your dough ye shall give unto the LORD an heave offering in your generations.
Deuteronomy 18:4 The firstfruit [also] of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.
Deuteronomy 26:10 And now, behold, I have brought the firstfruits of the land, which thou, O LORD, hast given me. And thou shalt set it before the LORD thy God, and worship before the LORD thy God:
Nehemiah 10:35-37 And to bring the firstfruits of our ground, and the firstfruits of all fruit of all trees, year by year, unto the house of the LORD: ... And [that] we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.
Proverbs 3:9 Honour the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase:
Ezekiel 44:30 And the first of all the firstfruits of all [things], and every oblation of all, of every [sort] of your oblations, shall be the priest's: ye shall also give unto the priest the first of your dough, that he may cause the blessing to rest in thine house.
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, [being] the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

and if:

Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
Genesis 17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.
Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?
1 Corinthians 7:14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 17:7. Ex 22:29; 23:16, 19. Lv 23:10. Nu 15:17. Dt 18:4; 26:10. Ne 10:35. Pv 3:9. Jr 2:21. Ezk 44:30. Ro 11:17. 1Co 7:14. Jm 1:18. Rv 14:4.

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