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Romans 11:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, And bow thou down their back always.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “LET THEIR EYES BE DARKENED TO SEE NOT, AND BEND THEIR BACKS FOREVER.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back always.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— let their eyes be darkened not to see, and bow down their back alway.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Darkened be their eyes, not to see, and, their back, do thou continually bow down.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— let their eyes be darkened—not to behold, and their back do Thou always bow down.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see: and bow down their back always.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow downe their backe alway.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, And their back at all times be bowed;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and let their back, at all times, be bowed down.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let y4654
[4654] Standard
σκοτίζω
skotizo
{skot-id'-zo}
From G4655; to obscure (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
eyes 3788
{3788} Prime
ὀφθαλμός
ophthalmos
{of-thal-mos'}
From G3700; the eye (literally or figuratively); by implication vision; figuratively envy (from the jealous side glance).
be darkened, 4654
{4654} Prime
σκοτίζω
skotizo
{skot-id'-zo}
From G4655; to obscure (literally or figuratively).
z5682
<5682> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 40
that they may y991
[0991] Standard
βλέπω
blepo
{blep'-o}
A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
see, 991
{0991} Prime
βλέπω
blepo
{blep'-o}
A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
bow down 4781
{4781} Prime
συγκάμπτω
sugkampto
{soong-kamp'-to}
From G4862 and G2578; to bend together, that is, (figuratively) to afflict.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
back 3577
{3577} Prime
νῶτος
notos
{no'-tos}
Of uncertain affinity; the back.
alway. 1275
{1275} Prime
διαπαντός
diapantos
{dee-ap-an-tos'}
From G1223 and the genitive of G3956; through all time, that is, (adverbially) constantly.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:7-10.


Romans 11:10

_ _ Let their eyes be darkened ... and bow down their back alway — expressive either of the decrepitude, or of the servile condition, to come on the nation through the just judgment of God. The apostle’s object in making these quotations is to show that what he had been compelled to say of the then condition and prospects of his nation was more than borne out by their own Scriptures. But, Secondly, God has not cast away His people finally. The illustration of this point extends, Romans 11:11-31.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 11:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
their eyes:

Romans 11:8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.
Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
Psalms 69:23 Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake.
Zechariah 11:17 Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword [shall be] upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.
Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:
2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.
Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

and bow:

Deuteronomy 28:64-68 And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, [even] wood and stone. ... And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy [you].
Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.
Isaiah 65:12 Therefore will I number you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slaughter: because when I called, ye did not answer; when I spake, ye did not hear; but did evil before mine eyes, and did choose [that] wherein I delighted not.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:64. Ps 69:23. Is 51:23; 65:12. Zc 11:17. Ro 1:21; 11:8. Ep 4:18. 2P 2:4, 17. Jde 1:6, 13.

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Fullness of time that all Yisrael will be saved
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