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Romans 10:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For being ignorant of God's righteousness, and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For not knowing about God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For they, being ignorant of God's righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For they, being ignorant of God's righteousness, and seeking to establish their own [righteousness], have not submitted to the righteousness of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, not knowing God's righteousness and, their own, seeking to establish, unto the righteousness of God, have they not submitted;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for not knowing the righteousness of God, and their own righteousness seeking to establish, to the righteousness of God they did not submit.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For they, not knowing the justice of God and seeking to establish their own, have not submitted themselves to the justice of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For they being ignorant of Gods righteousnesse, and going about to establish their owne righteousnesse, haue not submitted themselues vnto the righteousnesse of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But the righteousness of Aloha they know not, but seek the righteousness of themselves to establish, and on this account to the righteousness of Aloha they have not become subject.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For they know not the righteousness of God, but seek to establish their own righteousness: and therefore they have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
they being ignorant 50
{0050} Prime
ἀγνοέω
agnoeo
{ag-no-eh'-o}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3539; not to know (through lack of information or intelligence); by implication to ignore (through disinclination).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
of God's 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
righteousness, 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
going about 2212
{2212} Prime
ζητέω
zeteo
{dzay-teh'-o}
Of uncertain affinity; to seek (literally or figuratively); specifically (by Hebraism) to worship (God), or (in a bad sense) to plot (against life).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
to establish 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
their own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
righteousness, 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
have y5293
[5293] Standard
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
submitted themselves 5293
{5293} Prime
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z5648
<5648> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 72
unto the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
righteousness 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
of God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 10:3

_ _ For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness — that is, for the justification of the guilty (see on Romans 1:17).

_ _ and going about — “seeking”

_ _ to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God — The apostle views the general rejection of Christ by the nation as one act.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 10:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 10:3

For they being ignorant of the righteousness of God — Of the method God has established for the justification of a sinner. And seeking to establish their own righteousness — Their own method of acceptance with God. Have not submitted to the righteousness of God — The way of justification which he hath fixed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 10:3

(2) For they (a) being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to (b) establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.

(2) The first entrance into the calling to salvation, is to renounce our own righteousness by faith, which God freely offers us in the Gospel.

(a) The ignorance of the law (which we ought to know) does not excuse anyone before God, especially those that are of his household.

(b) Ignorance always has pride associated with it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God's righteousness:
"God's method of justification," says Abp. Newcome: God's method of saving sinners.
Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
Romans 3:22 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
Romans 3:26 To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Romans 5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Romans 9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.
Psalms 71:15-16 My mouth shall shew forth thy righteousness [and] thy salvation all the day; for I know not the numbers [thereof]. ... I will go in the strength of the Lord GOD: I will make mention of thy righteousness, [even] of thine only.
Psalms 71:19 Thy righteousness also, O God, [is] very high, who hast done great things: O God, who [is] like unto thee!
Isaiah 51:6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation from generation to generation.
Isaiah 56:1 Thus saith the LORD, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation [is] near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
John 16:9-10 Of sin, because they believe not on me; ... Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:

to establish:

Romans 9:31-32 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. ... Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
Isaiah 57:12 I will declare thy righteousness, and thy works; for they shall not profit thee.
Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
Luke 10:29 But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?
Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
Luke 18:9-12 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: ... I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
Galatians 5:3-4 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. ... Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:
Revelation 3:17-18 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked: ... I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

submitted:

Leviticus 26:41 And [that] I also have walked contrary unto them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity:
Nehemiah 9:33 Howbeit thou [art] just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly:
Job 33:27 He looketh upon men, and [if any] say, I have sinned, and perverted [that which was] right, and it profited me not;
Lamentations 3:22 [It is of] the LORD'S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.
Daniel 9:6-9 Neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, which spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. ... To the Lord our God [belong] mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;
Luke 15:17-21 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! ... And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:41. Ne 9:33. Jb 33:27. Ps 71:15, 19. Is 51:6, 8; 56:1; 57:12; 64:6. Jr 23:5. Lm 3:22. Dn 9:6, 24. Lk 10:29; 15:17; 16:15; 18:9. Jn 16:9. Ro 1:17; 3:22, 26; 5:19; 9:30, 31. 2Co 5:21. Ga 5:3. Php 3:9. 2P 1:1. Rv 3:17.

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