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Romans 10:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But as to Israel he saith, All the day long did I spread out my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But as for Israel He says, “ALL THE DAY LONG I HAVE STRETCHED OUT MY HANDS TO A DISOBEDIENT AND OBSTINATE PEOPLE.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands to a disobedient and gainsaying people.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But unto Israel he says, All the day long I have stretched out my hands unto a people disobeying and opposing.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whereas, regarding Israel, he saith—All day long, have I stretched forth my hands unto a people unyielding and contradicting.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and unto Israel He saith, 'All the day I did stretch out My hands unto a people unbelieving and gainsaying.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But to Israel he saith: All the day long have I spread my hands to a people that believeth not and contradicteth me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But to Israel he sayth, All day long I haue stretched foorth my hands vnto a disobedient and gainesaying people.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But of Israel he saith, I have stretched out my hands all the day To a contentious and disobedient people.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But to Israel, he said: All the day, have I stretched out my hands to a contentious and disobedient people.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
Israel 2474
{2474} Prime
Ἰσραήλ
Israel
{is-rah-ale'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3478]; Israel (that is, Jisrael), the adopted name of Jacob, including his descendants (literally or figuratively).
he saith, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
All 3650
{3650} Prime
ὅλος
holos
{hol'-os}
A primary word; 'whole' or 'all', that is, complete (in extent, amount, time or degree), especially (neuter) as noun or adverb.
day x2250
(2250) Complement
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
long y2250
[2250] Standard
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
I have stretched forth 1600
{1600} Prime
ἐκπετάννυμι
ekpetannumi
{ek-pet-an'-noo-mee}
From G1537 and a form of G4072; to fly out, that is, (by analogy) extend.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
hands 5495
{5495} Prime
χείρ
cheir
{khire}
Perhaps from the base of G5494 in the sense of its congener the base of G5490 (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively [power]; especially [by Hebraism] a means or instrument).
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
a disobedient 544
{0544} Prime
ἀπειθέω
apeitheo
{ap-i-theh'-o}
From G0545; to disbelieve (wilfully and perversely).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
gainsaying 483
{0483} Prime
ἀντιλέγω
antilego
{an-til'-eg-o}
From G0473 and G3004; to dispute, refuse.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
people. 2992
{2992} Prime
λαός
laos
{lah-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 10:21

_ _ But to — rather, “with regard to”

_ _ Israel he saith, All day — “All the day”

_ _ long I have stretched out my hands — “did I stretch forth”

_ _ my hands — the attitude of gracious entreaty.

_ _ unto a disobedient and gainsaying people — These words, which immediately follow the announcement just quoted of the calling of the Gentiles, were enough to forewarn the Jews both of God’s purpose to eject them from their privileges, in favor of the Gentiles, and of the cause of it on their own part.

_ _ Note,

_ _ (1) Mere sincerity, and even earnestness in religion — though it may be some ground of hope for a merciful recovery from error — is no excuse, and will not compensate, for the deliberate rejection of saving truth, when in the providence of God presented for acceptance (Romans 10:1-3; and see on Romans 9:33, Note 7).

_ _ (2) The true cause of such rejection of saving truth, by the otherwise sincere, is the prepossession of the mind by some false notions of its own. So long as the Jews “sought to set up their own righteousness,” it was in the nature of things impossible that they should “submit themselves to the righteousness of God”; the one of these two methods of acceptance being in the teeth of the other (Romans 10:3).

_ _ (3) The essential terms of salvation have in every age been the same: “Whosoever will” is invited to “take of the water of life freely,” Revelation 22:17 (Romans 10:13).

_ _ (4) How will the remembrance of the simplicity, reasonableness, and absolute freeness of God’s plan of salvation overwhelm those that perish from under the sound of it (Romans 10:4-13). (5) How piercingly and perpetually should that question — “HOW SHALL THEY HEAR WITHOUT A PREACHER?” — sound in the ears of all churches, as but the apostolic echo of their Lord’s parting injunction, “PREACH THE GOSPEL TO EVERY CREATURE” (Mark 16:15), and how far below the proper standard of love, zeal, and self-sacrifice must the churches as yet be, when with so plenteous a harvest the laborers are yet so few (Matthew 9:37, Matthew 9:38), and that cry from the lips of pardoned, gifted, consecrated men — “Here am I, send me” (Isaiah 6:8), is not heard everywhere (Romans 10:14, Romans 10:15)!

_ _ (6) The blessing of a covenant relation to God is the irrevocable privilege of no people and no Church; it can be preserved only by fidelity, on our part, to the covenant itself (Romans 10:19).

_ _ (7) God is often found by those who apparently are the farthest from Him, while He remains undiscovered by those who think themselves the nearest (Romans 10:20, Romans 10:21).

_ _ (8) God’s dealings even with reprobate sinners are full of tenderness and compassion; all the day long extending the arms of His mercy even to the disobedient and gainsaying. This will be felt and acknowledged at last by all who perish, to the glory of God’s forbearance and to their own confusion (Romans 10:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 10:12-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 10:21

An unbelieving and gainsaying people — Just opposite to those who believed with their hearts, and made confession with their mouths.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
All day long:

Proverbs 1:24 Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded;
Isaiah 65:2-5 I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way [that was] not good, after their own thoughts; ... Which say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me; for I am holier than thou. These [are] a smoke in my nose, a fire that burneth all the day.
Jeremiah 25:4 And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending [them]; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.
Jeremiah 35:15 I have sent also unto you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending [them], saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers: but ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me.
Matthew 20:1-15 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. ... Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
Matthew 21:33-43 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country: ... Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
Matthew 22:3-7 And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come. ... But when the king heard [thereof], he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
Matthew 23:34-37 Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and [some] of them ye shall kill and crucify; and [some] of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute [them] from city to city: ... O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Acts 13:46-47 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. ... For so hath the Lord commanded us, [saying], I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.

a disobedient:

Deuteronomy 9:13 Furthermore the LORD spake unto me, saying, I have seen this people, and, behold, it [is] a stiffnecked people:
Deuteronomy 31:27 For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death?
1 Samuel 8:7-8 And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them. ... According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.
Nehemiah 9:26 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.
Jeremiah 44:4-6 Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending [them], saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate. ... Wherefore my fury and mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted [and] desolate, as at this day.
Acts 7:51-52 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye. ... Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.
1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 9:13; 31:27. 1S 8:7. Ne 9:26. Pv 1:24. Is 65:2. Jr 25:4; 35:15; 44:4. Mt 20:1; 21:33; 22:3; 23:34. Lk 24:47. Ac 7:51; 13:46. 1Th 2:16. 1P 2:8.

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