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Romans 10:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But I say, Did they not hear? Yea, verily, Their sound went out into all the earth, And their words unto the ends of the world.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But I say, surely they have never heard, have they? Indeed they have; “THEIR VOICE HAS GONE OUT INTO ALL THE EARTH, AND THEIR WORDS TO THE ENDS OF THE WORLD.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words to the ends of the world.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But I say, Have they not heard? Yea, surely, Their voice has gone out into all the earth, and their words to the extremities of the habitable world.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But I say: Have they not heard? Yea indeed,—into all the earth, hath gone forth their sound, and, unto the ends of the inhabited world, their declarations.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but I say, Did they not hear? yes, indeed—'to all the earth their voice went forth, and to the ends of the habitable world their sayings.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I say: Have they not heard? Yes, verily: Their sound hath gone forth into all the earth: and their words unto the ends of the whole world.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I say, haue they not heard? yes verely, their sound went into all the earth, and their words vnto the ends of the world.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But I say, Have they not heard? Behold, in all the earth their voice hath gone forth, And to the ends of the world their words!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But I say: Have they not heard? And, lo, their proclamation hath gone out into all the earth; and their words to the ends of the world.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
I say, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Have y191
[0191] Standard
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
they not 3378
{3378} Prime
μὴ οὐκ
me ouk
{may ook}
That is, G3361 and G3756; as interrogitive and negative is it not that?.
heard? 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Yes verily, 3304
{3304} Prime
μενοῦνγε
menounge
{men-oon'-geh}
From G3303 and G3767 and G1065; so then at least.
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
sound 5353
{5353} Prime
φθόγγος
phthoggos
{ftong'-gos}
From G5350; utterance, that is, a musical note (vocal or instrumental).
went 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth, 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
words 4487
{4487} Prime
ῥῆμα
rhema
{hray'-mah}
From G4483; an utterance (individually, collectively or specifically); by implication a matter or topic (especially of narration, command or dispute); with a negative naught whatever.
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
ends 4009
{4009} Prime
πέρας
peras
{per'-as}
From the same as G4008; an extremity.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world. 3625
{3625} Prime
οἰκουμένη
oikoumene
{oy-kou-men'-ay}
Feminine participle present passive of G3611 (as noun, by implication of G1093); land, that is, the (terrene part of the) globe; specifically the Roman empire.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 10:18

_ _ But I say, Have they not heard? — “Did they not hear?” Can Israel, through any region of his dispersion, plead ignorance of these glad tidings?

_ _ Yes, verily, their sound went — “their voice went out”

_ _ into all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world — These beautiful words are from Psalms 19:4. Whether the apostle quoted them as in their primary intention applicable to his subject (as Olshausen, Alford, etc.), or only “used scriptural language to express his own ideas, as is done involuntarily almost by every preacher in every sermon” [Hodge], expositors are not agreed. But though the latter may seem the more natural since “the rising of the Sun of righteousness upon the world” (Malachi 4:2), “the Dayspring from on high visiting us, giving light to them that sat in darkness, and guiding our feet into the way of peace” (Luke 1:78, Luke 1:79), must have been familiar and delightful to the apostle’s ear, we cannot doubt that the irradiation of the world with the beams of a better Sun by the universal diffusion of the Gospel of Christ, must have a mode of speaking quite natural, and to him scarcely figurative.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 10:12-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 10:18

But their unbelief was not owing to the want of hearing For they have heard. Yes verily — So many nations have already heard the preachers of the gospel, that I may in some sense say of them as David did of the lights of heaven. Psalms 29:4

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 10:18

(12) But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.

(12) An objection: if calling is a testimony of election, were not the Jews called? Why should I not grant that, says the apostle, seeing that there is no nation which has not been called? Much less can I say that the Jews were not called.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Have they:

Acts 2:5-11 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. ... Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
Acts 26:20 But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.
Acts 28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into [his] lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and [out of] the prophets, from morning till evening.

their sound:
Similar to this elegant accommodation of these words, is the application of them in a passage of Zohar, Genes. f. 9. "These words are the servants of the Messiah, and measure out both the things above, and the things beneath."
Romans 1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.
Romans 15:19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
Psalms 19:4 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
Matthew 24:14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
Matthew 26:13 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, [there] shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial of her.
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Mark 16:15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.
Mark 16:20 And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with [them], and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.
Colossians 1:6 Which is come unto you, as [it is] in all the world; and bringeth forth fruit, as [it doth] also in you, since the day ye heard [of it], and knew the grace of God in truth:
Colossians 1:23 If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and [be] not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, [and] which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;

unto the ends:

1 Kings 18:10 [As] the LORD thy God liveth, there is no nation or kingdom, whither my lord hath not sent to seek thee: and when they said, [He is] not [there]; he took an oath of the kingdom and nation, that they found thee not.
Psalms 22:27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
Psalms 98:3 He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
Isaiah 24:16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, [even] glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
Isaiah 52:10 The LORD hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God.
Jeremiah 16:19 O LORD, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and [things] wherein [there is] no profit.
Matthew 4:8 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 18:10. Ps 19:4; 22:27; 98:3. Is 24:16; 49:6; 52:10. Jr 16:19. Mt 4:8; 24:14; 26:13; 28:19. Mk 16:15, 20. Ac 2:5; 26:20; 28:23. Ro 1:8; 15:19. Col 1:6, 23.

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