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Revelation 9:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the four angels were loosed, that had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, that they should kill the third part of men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released, so that they would kill a third of mankind.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the four angels were loosed, who were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, to slay the third part of men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the four angels were loosed, who are prepared for the hour and day and month and year, that they might slay the third part of men;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the four messengers were loosed, who had been prepared for the hour, and day, and month, and year, that they should slay the third of men.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and loosed were the four messengers, who have been made ready for the hour, and day, and month, and year, that they may kill the third of men;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the four angels were loosed, who were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year: for to kill the third part of men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the foure Angels were loosed, which were prepared for an houre, and a day, and a moneth, and a yeere, for to slay the third part of men.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the four angels were released, they who were prepared for an hour, and for a day, and for a month, and for a year, to kill the third (part) of men.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the four angels were loosed; who are prepared, for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, to slay the third part of men.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
four 5064
{5064} Prime
τέσσαρες
tessares
{tes'-sar-es}
Neuter and a plural number; four.
angels 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
were loosed, 3089
{3089} Prime
λύω
luo
{loo'-o}
A primary verb; to 'loosen' (literally or figuratively).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
were prepared 2090
{2090} Prime
ἑτοιμάζω
hetoimazo
{het-oy-mad'-zo}
From G2092; to prepare.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
an hour, 5610
{5610} Prime
ὥρα
hora
{ho'-rah}
Apparently a primary word; an 'hour' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a day, 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a month, 3376
{3376} Prime
μήν
men
{mane}
A primary word; a month.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a year, 1763
{1763} Prime
ἐνιαυτός
eniautos
{en-ee-ow-tos'}
Prolonged from a primary word ἔνος [[enos]] (a year); a year.
for to 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
slay 615
{0615} Prime
ἀποκτείνω
apokteino
{ap-ok-ti'-no}
From G0575 and κτείνω [[kteino]] (to slay); to kill outright; figuratively to destroy.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
third part 5154
{5154} Prime
τρίτος
tritos
{tree'-tos}
From G5140; third; neuter (as noun) a third part, or (as adverb) a (or the) third time, thirdly.
of men. 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 9:15

_ _ were — “which had been prepared” [Tregelles rightly].

_ _ for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year — rather as Greek, “for (that is, against) THE hour, and day, and month, and year,” namely, appointed by God. The Greek article (teen), put once only before all the periods, implies that the hour in the day, and the day in the month, and the month in the year, and the year itself, had been definitely fixed by God. The article would have been omitted had a sum-total of periods been specified, namely, three hundred ninety-one years and one month (the period from a.d. 1281, when the Turks first conquered the Christians, to 1672, their last conquest of them, since which last date their empire has declined).

_ _ slay — not merely to “hurt” (Revelation 9:10), as in the fifth trumpet.

_ _ third part — (See on Revelation 8:7-12).

_ _ of men — namely, of earthy men, Revelation 8:13, “inhabiters of the earth,” as distinguished from God’s sealed people (of which the sealed of Israel, Revelation 7:1-8, form the nucleus).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 9:13-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 9:15

And the four angels were loosed, who were prepared — By loosing them, as well as by their strength and rage. To kill the third part of men — That is, an immense number of them. For the hour, and day, and month, and year — All this agrees with the slaughter which the Saracens made for a long time after Mahomet's death. And with the number of angels let loose agrees the number of their first and most eminent caliphs. These were Ali, Abubeker, Omar, and Osman. Mahomet named Ali, his cousin and son — in — law, for his successor; but he was soon worked out by the rest, till they severally died, and so made room for him. They succeeded each other, and each destroyed innumerable multitudes of men. There are in a prophetic

Com. Years. Com. Days.

Hour 8 Day 196 in all 212 years. Month 15 318 Year 196 117

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 9:15

(13) And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.

(13) The execution of the commandment is in two parts: one, that those butchers are let loose, that out of their tower of the spiritual Babylon they might with fury run abroad through all the world, as well the chief of that crew who are most prompt to all the work, in this verse: as their multitudes, both most copious, of which a number certain is named for a number infinite (Revelation 9:16) and in themselves by all means fully furnished to hide and to hurt (Revelation 9:17) as being armed with fire, smoke and brimstone, as appears in the colour of this armour, which dazzles the eyes to all men, and have the strength of lions to cause pain, from which (as out of their mouth) the fiery, smoky, and stinking darts of the pope are shot out (Revelation 9:18) The other part, that these butchers have effected the commandment of God by fraud and violence, in the two verses following (Revelation 9:16-17).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
for:
or, at

an hour:

Revelation 9:5 And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment [was] as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man.
Revelation 9:10 And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power [was] to hurt men five months.

for to:

Revelation 9:18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.
Revelation 8:7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.
Revelation 8:9 And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.
Revelation 8:11-12 And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter. ... And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.
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Rv 8:7, 9, 11; 9:5, 10, 18.

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