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Revelation 9:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the horns of the golden altar which is before God,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the sixth angel sounded [his] trumpet: and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which [is] before God,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the sixth messenger, sounded; and I heard one voice, from among the horns of the altar of gold which is before God,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the sixth messenger did sound, and I heard a voice out of the four horns of the altar of gold that is before God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the sixth angel sounded the trumpet: and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before the eyes of God,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the sixt Angel sounded, and I heard a voyce from the foure hornes of ye golden altar, which is before God,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the Sixth angel sounded. And I heard one voice from the horns of the altar of gold which was before Aloha,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the sixth angel sounded; and I heard a voice from the horns of the golden altar which was before God,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sixth 1623
{1623} Prime
ἕκτος
hektos
{hek'-tos}
Ordinal from G1803; sixth.
angel 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
sounded, 4537
{4537} Prime
σαλπίζω
salpizo
{sal-pid'-zo}
From G4536; to trumpet, that is, sound a blast (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
I heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
a 3391
{3391} Prime
μία
mia
{mee'-ah}
Irregular feminine of G1520; one or first.
voice 5456
{5456} Prime
φωνή
phone
{fo-nay'}
Probably akin to G5316 through the idea of disclosure; a tone (articulate, bestial or artificial); by implication an address (for any purpose), saying or language.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
four 5064
{5064} Prime
τέσσαρες
tessares
{tes'-sar-es}
Neuter and a plural number; four.
horns 2768
{2768} Prime
κέρας
keras
{ker'-as}
From a primary word κάρ [[kar]] (the hair of the head); a horn (literally or figuratively).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
golden 5552
{5552} Prime
χρύσεος
chruseos
{khroo'-seh-os}
From G5557; made of gold.
altar 2379
{2379} Prime
θυσιαστήριον
thusiasterion
{thoo-see-as-tay'-ree-on}
From a derivative of G2378; a place of sacrifice, that is, an altar (specifically or generally, literally or figuratively).
which 3588
{3588} Prime

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is before 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 9:13

_ _ a voice — literally, “one voice.”

_ _ fromGreek, “out of.”

_ _ the four horns — A, Vulgate (Amiatinus manuscript), Coptic, and Syriac omit “four.” B and Cyprian support it. The four horns together gave forth their voice, not diverse, but one. God’s revelation (for example, the Gospel), though in its aspects fourfold (four expressing world-wide extension: whence four is the number of the Evangelists), still has but one and the same voice. However, from the parallelism of this sixth trumpet to the fifth seal (Revelation 6:9, Revelation 6:10), the martyrs’ cry for the avenging of their blood from the altar reaching its consummation under the sixth seal and sixth trumpet, I prefer understanding this cry from the four corners of the altar to refer to the saints’ prayerful cry from the four quarters of the world, incensed by the angel, and ascending to God from the golden altar of incense, and bringing down in consequence fiery judgments. Aleph omits the whole clause, “one from the four horns.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Revelation 9:13-21

_ _ Here let us consider the preface to this vision, and then the vision itself.

_ _ I. The preface to this vision: A voice was heard from the horns of the golden altar, Revelation 9:13, Revelation 9:14. Here observe, 1. The power of the church's enemies is restrained till God gives the word to have them turned loose. 2. When nations are ripe for punishment, those instruments of God's anger that were before restrained are let loose upon them, Revelation 9:14. 3. The instruments that God makes use of to punish a people may sometimes lie at a great distance from them, so that no danger may be apprehended from them. These four messengers of divine judgment lay bound in the river Euphrates, a great way from the European nations. Here the Turkish power had its rise, which seems to be the story of this vision.

_ _ II. The vision itself: And the four angels that had been bound in the great river Euphrates were now loosed, Revelation 9:15, Revelation 9:16. And here observe, 1. The time of their military operations and executions is limited to an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year. Prophetic characters of time are hardly to be understood by us; but in general the time is fixed to an hour, when it shall begin and when it shall end; and how far the execution shall prevail, even to a third part of the inhabitants of the earth. God will make the wrath of man praise him, and the remainder of wrath he will restrain. 2. The army that was to execute this great commission is mustered, and the number found to be of horsemen two hundred thousand thousand; but we are left to guess what the infantry must be. In general, it tells us, the armies of the Mahomedan empire should be vastly great; and so it is certain they were. 3. Their formidable equipage and appearance, Revelation 9:17. As the horses were fierce, like lions, and eager to rush into the battle, so those who sat upon them were clad in bright and costly armour, with all the ensigns of martial courage, zeal, and resolution. 4. The vast havoc and desolation that they made in the Roman empire, which had now become antichristian: A third part of them were killed; they went as far as their commission suffered them, and they could go no further. 5. Their artillery, by which they made such slaughter, described by fire, smoke, and brimstone, issuing out of the mouths of their horses, and the stings that were in their tails. It is Mr. Mede's opinion that this is a prediction of great guns, those instruments of cruelty which make such destruction: he observes, These were first used by the Turks at the siege of Constantinople, and, being new and strange, were very terrible, and did great execution. However, here seems to be an allusion to what is mentioned in the former vision, that, as antichrist had his forces of a spiritual nature, like scorpions poisoning the minds of men with error and idolatry, so the Turks, who were raised up to punish the antichristian apostasy, had their scorpions and their stings too, to hurt and kill the bodies of those who had been the murderers of so many souls. 6. Observe the impenitency of the antichristian generation under these dreadful judgments (Revelation 9:20); the rest of the men who were not killed repented not, they still persisted in those sins for which God was so severely punishing them, which were, (1.) Their idolatry; they would not cast away their images, though they could do them no good, could not see, nor hear, nor walk. (2.) Their murders (Revelation 9:21), which they had committed upon the saints and servants of Christ. Popery is a bloody religion, and seems resolved to continue such. (3.) Their sorceries; they have their charms, and magic arts, and rites in exorcism and other things. (4.) Their fornication; they allow both spiritual and carnal impurity, and promote it in themselves and others. (5.) Their thefts; they have by unjust means heaped together a vast deal of wealth, to the injury and impoverishing of families, cities, princes, and nations. These are the flagrant crimes of antichrist and his agents; and, though God has revealed his wrath from heaven against them, they are obstinate, hardened, and impenitent, and judicially so, for they must be destroyed.

_ _ III. From this sixth trumpet we learn, 1. God can make one enemy of the church to be a scourge and plague to another. 2. He who is the Lord of hosts has vast armies at his command, to serve his own purposes. 3. The most formidable powers have limits set them, which they cannot transgress. 4. When God's judgments are in the earth, he expects the inhabitants thereof should repent of sin, and learn righteousness. 5. Impenitency under divine judgments is an iniquity that will be the ruin of sinners; for where God judges he will overcome.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 9:13

And the sixth angel sounded — Under this angel goes forth the second woe. And I heard a voice from the four corners of the golden altar — This golden altar is the heavenly pattern of the Levitical altar of incense. This voice signified that the execution of the wrath of God, mentioned Revelation 9:20-21, should, at no intercession, be delayed any longer.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 9:13

(10) And the sixth angel sounded, (11) and I heard a voice from the (b) four horns of the golden altar which is before God,

(10) The sixth execution done on the world by the tyrannical powers of it, working in the four parts of the earth, that is, in most cruel manner execution their tyrannous dominion through out the whole world: and killing the miserable people without punishment, which before was not lawful for them to do in that sort, as I showed in (Revelation 9:4). This narration has two parts: a commandment from God, in (Revelation 9:14) and an execution of the commandment, in (Revelation 9:15).

(11) The commandment given by Christ himself, who is governor over all.

(b) He alludes to the altar of incense, which stood in the court which the priests were in, opposite the Ark of the Covenant, having a veil between them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the sixth:

Revelation 9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.

a voice:

Revelation 8:3-5 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer [it] with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. ... And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast [it] into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake.
Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, [which are] the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:
Hebrews 10:21 And [having] an high priest over the house of God;
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He 9:24; 10:21. Rv 8:3; 9:1.

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