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Revelation 5:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and madest them [to be] unto our God a kingdom and priests; and they reign upon earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You have made them [to be] a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And hast made us to our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and made them to our God kings and priests; and they shall reign over the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And didst make them, unto our God, a kingdom and priests,—and they reign on the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and didst make us to our God kings and priests, and we shall reign upon the earth.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And hast made us to our God a kingdom and priests, and we shall reign on the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hast made vs vnto our God Kings and Priests, and we shall reigne on the earth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And thou hast made them to our God kings and priests, And reigning upon the earth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and thou hast made them kings and priests to our God; and they reign on the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hast made 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
us 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
unto our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
kings 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
priests: 2409
{2409} Prime
ἱερεύς
hiereus
{hee-er-yooce'}
From G2413; a priest (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
we shall reign 936
{0936} Prime
βασιλεύω
basileuo
{bas-il-yoo'-o}
From G0935; to rule (literally or figuratively).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth. 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 5:10

_ _ made us — A, B, Aleph, Vulgate, Syriac, and Coptic read, “them.” The Hebrew construction of the third person for the first, has a graphic relation to the redeemed, and also has a more modest sound than us, priests [Bengel].

_ _ unto our God — So B and Aleph read. But A omits the clause.

_ _ kings — So B reads. But A, Aleph, Vulgate, Coptic, and Cyprian, read, “A kingdom.” Aleph reads also “a priesthood” for priests. They who cast their crowns before the throne, do not call themselves kings in the sight of the great King (Revelation 4:10, Revelation 4:11); though their priestly access has such dignity that their reigning on earth cannot exceed it. So in Revelation 20:6 they are not called “kings” [Bengel].

_ _ we shall reign on the earth — This is a new feature added to Revelation 1:6. Aleph, Vulgate, and Coptic read, “They shall reign.” A and B read, “They reign.” Alford takes this reading and explains it of the Church EVEN NOW, in Christ her Head, reigning on the earth: “all things are being put under her feet, as under His; her kingly office and rank are asserted, even in the midst of persecution.” But even if we read (I think the weightiest authority is against it), “They reign,” still it is the prophetical present for the future: the seer being transported into the future when the full number of the redeemed (represented by the four living creatures) shall be complete and the visible kingdom begins. The saints do spiritually reign now; but certainly not as they shall when the prince of this world shall be bound (see on Revelation 20:2-6). So far from reigning on the earth now, they are “made as the filth of the world and the offscouring of all things.” In Revelation 11:15, Revelation 11:18, the locality and time of the kingdom are marked. Kelly translates, “reign over the earth” (Greek,epi tees gees”), which is justified by the Greek (Septuagint, Judges 9:8; Matthew 2:22). The elders, though ruling over the earth, shall not necessarily (according to this passage) remain on the earth. But English Version is justified by Revelation 3:10. “The elders were meek, but the flock of the meek independently is much larger” [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 5:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 5:10

And hast made them — The redeemed. So they speak of themselves also in the third person, out of deep self — abasement. They shall reign over the earth — The new earth: herewith agree the golden crowns of the elders. The reign of the saints in general follows, under the trumpet of the seventh angel; particularly after the first resurrection, as also in eternity, Revelation 11:18; Revelation 15:7; Revelation 20:4; Revelation 22:5; Daniel 7:27; Psalms 49:14.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
kings:

Revelation 1:6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
Revelation 20:6 Blessed and holy [is] he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
Revelation 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.
Exodus 19:6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
1 Peter 2:5-9 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. ... But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

we:

Revelation 20:6 Blessed and holy [is] he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
Daniel 7:18 But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.
Daniel 7:27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.
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Ex 19:6. Dn 7:18, 27. 1P 2:5. Rv 1:6; 20:6; 22:5.

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