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Revelation 3:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Be thou watchful, and establish the things that remain, which were ready to die: for I have found no works of thine perfected before my God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Wake up, and strengthen the things that remain, which were about to die; for I have not found your deeds completed in the sight of My God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be watchful, and strengthen the things that remain, which are about to die, for I have not found thy works complete before my God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Become thou watchful, and strengthen the things that remain, that were about to die; for I have not found thy works fulfilled before my God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— become watching, and strengthen the rest of the things that are about to die, for I have not found thy works fulfilled before God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be watchful and strengthen the things that remain, which are ready to die. For I find not thy works full before my God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Be watchfull, and strengthen the things which remaine, that are ready to die: for I haue not found thy works perfect before God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Awake, and keep those things which remain, which are about to die; for I have not found thy works complete before my God.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Awake, and preserve the things that remain, which are ready to die; for I have not found thy works complete before my God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5737
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
watchful, 1127
{1127} Prime
γρηγορεύω
gregoreuo
{gray-gor-yoo'-o}
From G1453; to keep awake, that is, watch (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
strengthen 4741
{4741} Prime
στηρίζω
sterizo
{stay-rid'-zo}
From a presumed derivative of G2476 (like G4731); to set fast, that is, (literally) to turn resolutely in a certain direction, or (figuratively) to confirm.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
the things which remain, 3062
{3062} Prime
λοιποί
loipoy
{loy-poy'}
Masculine plural of a derivative of G3007; remaining ones.
that 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
are y3195
[3195] Standard
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
ready x3195
(3195) Complement
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
to die: 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
I have y2147
[2147] Standard
εὑρίσκω
heurisko
{hyoo-ris'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary word εὕρω [[heuro]], {hyoo'-ro}; which (together with another cognate form, εὑρέω [[heureo]], {hyoo-reh'-o}) is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect; to find (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
found 2147
{2147} Prime
εὑρίσκω
heurisko
{hyoo-ris'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary word εὕρω [[heuro]], {hyoo'-ro}; which (together with another cognate form, εὑρέω [[heureo]], {hyoo-reh'-o}) is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect; to find (literally or figuratively).
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
works 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
perfect 4137
{4137} Prime
πληρόω
pleroo
{play-ro'-o}
From G4134; to make replete, that is, (literally) to cram (a net), level up (a hollow), or (figuratively) to furnish (or imbue, diffuse, influence), satisfy, execute (an office), finish (a period or task), verify (or coincide with a prediction), etc.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
before 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 3:2

_ _ BeGreek. “Become,” what thou art not, “watchful,” or “wakeful,” literally, “waking.”

_ _ the things which remain — Strengthen those thy remaining few graces, which, in thy spiritual deadly slumber, are not yet quite extinct [Alford]. “The things that remain” can hardly mean “the PERSONS that are not yet dead, but are ready to die”; for Revelation 3:4 implies that the “few” faithful ones at Sardis were not “ready to die,” but were full of life.

_ _ are — The two oldest manuscripts read, “were ready,” literally, “were about to die,” namely, at the time when you “strengthen” them. This implies that “thou art dead,” Revelation 3:1, is to be taken with limitation; for those must have some life who are told to strengthen the things that remain.

_ _ perfect — literally, “filled up in full complement”; Translate, “complete.” Weighed in the balance of Him who requires living faith as the motive of works, and found wanting.

_ _ before GodGreek, “in the sight of God.” The three oldest manuscripts, Vulgate, Syriac, and Coptic, read, “before (in the sight of) MY God”; Christ’s judgment is God the Father’s judgment. In the sight of men, Sardis had “a name of living”: “so many and so great are the obligations of pastors, that he who would in reality fulfil even a third of them, would be esteemed holy by men, whereas, if content with that alone, he would be sure not to escape hell” [Juan D’avila]. Note: in Sardis and Laodicea alone of the seven we read of no conflict with foes within or without the Church. Not that either had renounced the appearance of opposition to the world; but neither had the faithfulness to witness for God by word and example, so as to “torment them that dwelt on the earth” (Revelation 11:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 3:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 3:2

The things which remain — In thy soul; knowledge of the truth, good desires, and convictions. Which were ready to die — Wherever pride, indolence, or levity revives, all the fruits of the Spirit are ready to die.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 3:2

Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are (c) ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.

(c) Other things, whose state is such, that they are now going, and unless they are confirmed, will perish without delay.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
watchful:

Revelation 16:15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed [is] he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
Isaiah 56:10 His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.
Isaiah 62:6-7 I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, [which] shall never hold their peace day nor night: ye that make mention of the LORD, keep not silence, ... And give him no rest, till he establish, and till he make Jerusalem a praise in the earth.
Ezekiel 34:8-10 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because [there was] no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock; ... Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against the shepherds; and I will require my flock at their hand, and cause them to cease from feeding the flock; neither shall the shepherds feed themselves any more; for I will deliver my flock from their mouth, that they may not be meat for them.
Ezekiel 34:16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.
Zechariah 11:16 For, lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land, [which] shall not visit those that be cut off, neither shall seek the young one, nor heal that that is broken, nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the flesh of the fat, and tear their claws in pieces.
Matthew 24:42-51 Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come. ... And shall cut him asunder, and appoint [him] his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 25:13 Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.
Mark 13:33-37 Take ye heed, watch and pray: for ye know not when the time is. ... And what I say unto you I say unto all, Watch.
Acts 20:28-31 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. ... Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
2 Timothy 4:1-4 I charge [thee] therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; ... And they shall turn away [their] ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.
1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

strengthen:

Revelation 2:4 Nevertheless I have [somewhat] against thee, because thou hast left thy first love.
Deuteronomy 3:28 But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him: for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see.
Job 4:4-5 Thy words have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees. ... But now it is come upon thee, and thou faintest; it toucheth thee, and thou art troubled.
Job 16:5 [But] I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips should asswage [your grief].
Isaiah 35:3 Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.
Luke 22:31-32 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired [to have] you, that he may sift [you] as wheat: ... But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
Acts 18:23 And after he had spent some time [there], he departed, and went over [all] the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.

thy works:

1 Kings 11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, [that] his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as [was] the heart of David his father.
1 Kings 15:3 And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father.
2 Chronicles 25:2 And he did [that which was] right in the sight of the LORD, but not with a perfect heart.
Isaiah 57:12 I will declare thy righteousness, and thy works; for they shall not profit thee.
Daniel 5:27 TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.
Matthew 6:2-4 Therefore when thou doest [thine] alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. ... That thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly.
Matthew 23:5 But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
Matthew 23:28-38 Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity. ... Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 3:28. 1K 11:4; 15:3. 2Ch 25:2. Jb 4:4; 16:5. Is 35:3; 56:10; 57:12; 62:6. Ezk 34:8, 16. Dn 5:27. Zc 11:16. Mt 6:2; 23:5, 28; 24:42; 25:13. Mk 13:33. Lk 22:31. Ac 18:23; 20:28. 2Ti 4:1. 1P 4:7; 5:8. Rv 2:4; 16:15.

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