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Revelation 3:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— As many as I love, I reprove and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline; therefore be zealous and repent.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I rebuke and discipline as many as I love; be zealous therefore and repent.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I, as many as I tenderly love, I convict and put under discipline: be zealous, therefore, and repent.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'As many as I love, I do convict and chasten; be zealous, then, and reform;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Such as I love, I rebuke and chastise. Be zealous therefore and do penance.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As many as I loue, I rebuke and chasten, be zealous therefore, and repent.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— All those whom I love, I reprove and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten. Be emulous therefore, and repent.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As many as 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
I x1473
(1473) Complement
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
love, 5368
{5368} Prime
φιλέω
phileo
{fil-eh'-o}
From G5384; to be a friend to (fond of [an individual or an object]), that is, have affection for (denoting personal attachment, as a matter of sentiment or feeling; while G0025 is wider, embracing especially the judgment and the deliberate assent of the will as a matter of principle, duty and propriety: the two thus stand related very much as G2309 and G1014, or as G2372 and G3563 respectively; the former being chiefly of the heart and the latter of the head); specifically to kiss (as a mark of tenderness).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
I y1473
[1473] Standard
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
rebuke 1651
{1651} Prime
ἐλέγχω
elegcho
{el-eng'-kho}
Of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
chasten: 3811
{3811} Prime
παιδεύω
paideuo
{pahee-dyoo'-o}
From G3816; to train up a child, that is, educate, or (by implication) discipline (by punishment).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
be zealous 2206
{2206} Prime
ζηλόω
zeloo
{dzay-lo'-o}
From G2205; to have warmth of feeling for or against.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
therefore, 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
repent. 3340
{3340} Prime
μετανοέω
metanoeo
{met-an-o-eh'-o}
From G3326 and G3539; to think differently or afterwards, that is, reconsider (morally to feel compunction).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 3:19

_ _ (Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:11, Proverbs 3:12; Hebrews 12:5, Hebrews 12:6.) So in the case of Manasseh (2 Chronicles 33:11-13).

_ _ As many — All. “He scourgeth every son whom He receiveth. And shalt thou be an exception? If excepted from suffering the scourge, thou art excepted from the number of the sons” [Augustine]. This is an encouragement to Laodicea not to despair, but to regard the rebuke as a token for good, if she profit by it.

_ _ I loveGreek,philo,” the love of gratuitous affection, independent of any grounds for esteem in the object loved. But in the case of Philadelphia (Revelation 3:9), “I have loved thee” (Greek,egapesa”) with the love of esteem, founded on the judgment. Compare the note in my English Gnomon of Bengel, John 21:15-17.

_ _ I rebuke — The “I” in the Greek stands first in the sentence emphatically. I in My dealings, so altogether unlike man’s, in the case of all whom I love, rebuke. The Greek,elencho,” is the same verb as in John 16:8, “(the Holy Ghost) will convince (rebuke unto conviction) the world of sin.”

_ _ chasten — “chastise.” The Greek,paideu,” which in classical Greek means to instruct, in the New Testament means to instruct by chastisement (Hebrews 12:5, Hebrews 12:6). David was rebuked unto conviction, when he cried, “I have sinned against the Lord”; the chastening followed when his child was taken from him (2 Samuel 12:13, 2 Samuel 12:14). In the divine chastening, the sinner at one and the same time winces under the rod and learns righteousness.

_ _ be zealous — habitually. Present tense in the Greek, of a lifelong course of zeal. The opposite of “lukewarm.” The Greek by alliteration marks this: Laodicea had not been “hot” (Greek,zestos”), she is therefore urged to “be zealous” (Greek,zeleue”): both are derived from the same verb, Greek,zeo,” “to boil.”

_ _ repentGreek aorist: of an act to be once for all done, and done at once.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 3:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 3:19

Whomsoever I love — Even thee, thou poor Laodicean! O how much has his unwearied love to do! I rebuke — For what is past. And chasten — That they may amend for the time to come.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 3:19

As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be (k) zealous therefore, and repent.

(k) Zeal is set against those who are neither hot nor cold.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
many:

Deuteronomy 8:5 Thou shalt also consider in thine heart, that, as a man chasteneth his son, [so] the LORD thy God chasteneth thee.
2 Samuel 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
Job 5:17 Behold, happy [is] the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty:
Psalms 6:1 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth upon Sheminith, A Psalm of David.]] O LORD, rebuke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.
Psalms 39:11 When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man [is] vanity. Selah.
Psalms 94:10 He that chastiseth the heathen, shall not he correct? he that teacheth man knowledge, [shall not he know]?
Proverbs 3:11-12 My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary of his correction: ... For whom the LORD loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son [in whom] he delighteth.
Proverbs 15:10 Correction [is] grievous unto him that forsaketh the way: [and] he that hateth reproof shall die.
Proverbs 15:32 He that refuseth instruction despiseth his own soul: but he that heareth reproof getteth understanding.
Proverbs 22:15 Foolishness [is] bound in the heart of a child; [but] the rod of correction shall drive it far from him.
Isaiah 26:16 LORD, in trouble have they visited thee, they poured out a prayer [when] thy chastening [was] upon them.
Jeremiah 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your own sword hath devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.
Jeremiah 7:28 But thou shalt say unto them, This [is] a nation that obeyeth not the voice of the LORD their God, nor receiveth correction: truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth.
Jeremiah 10:24 O LORD, correct me, but with judgment; not in thine anger, lest thou bring me to nothing.
Jeremiah 30:11 For I [am] with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee: though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee, yet will I not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpunished.
Jeremiah 31:18 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself [thus]; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed [to the yoke]: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou [art] the LORD my God.
Zephaniah 3:2 She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted not in the LORD; she drew not near to her God.
1 Corinthians 11:32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
2 Corinthians 6:9 As unknown, and [yet] well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed;
Hebrews 12:5-11 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: ... Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.
James 1:12 Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.

be:

Numbers 25:11-13 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy. ... And he shall have it, and his seed after him, [even] the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel.
Psalms 69:9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
John 2:17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.
Romans 12:11 Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;
2 Corinthians 7:11 For behold this selfsame thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, [what] clearing of yourselves, yea, [what] indignation, yea, [what] fear, yea, [what] vehement desire, yea, [what] zeal, yea, [what] revenge! In all [things] ye have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter.
Galatians 4:18 But [it is] good to be zealously affected always in [a] good [thing], and not only when I am present with you.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

repent:

Revelation 2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
Revelation 2:21-22 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. ... Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 25:11. Dt 8:5. 2S 7:14. Jb 5:17. Ps 6:1; 39:11; 69:9; 94:10. Pv 3:11; 15:10, 32; 22:15. Is 26:16. Jr 2:30; 7:28; 10:24; 30:11; 31:18. Zp 3:2. Jn 2:17. Ro 12:11. 1Co 11:32. 2Co 6:9; 7:11. Ga 4:18. Tit 2:14. He 12:5. Jm 1:12. Rv 2:5, 21.

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