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Revelation 3:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I counsel thee to buy of me gold refined by fire, that thou mayest become rich; and white garments, that thou mayest clothe thyself, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness be not made manifest; and eyesalve to anoint thine eyes, that thou mayest see.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I advise you to buy from Me gold refined by fire so that you may become rich, and white garments so that you may clothe yourself, and [that] the shame of your nakedness will not be revealed; and eye salve to anoint your eyes so that you may see.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness may not appear; and anoint thy eyes with eye-salve, that thou mayest see.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I counsel thee to buy of me gold purified by fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white garments, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness may not be made manifest; and eye-salve to anoint thine eyes, that thou mayest see.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I counsel thee to buy of me, gold refined by fire, that thou mayest become rich,—and white raiment, that thou mayest array thyself, and, the shame of thy nakedness, may not be made manifest,—and eye-salve, to anoint thine eyes, that thou mayest see.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I counsel thee to buy from me gold fired by fire, that thou mayest be rich, and white garments that thou mayest be arrayed, and the shame of thy nakedness may not be manifest, and with eye-salve anoint thine eyes, that thou mayest see.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I counsel thee to buy of me gold, fire tried, that thou mayest be made rich and mayest be clothed in white garments: and that the shame of thy nakedness may not appear. And anoint thy eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I counsell thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest bee rich, and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakednesse doe not appeare, and anoint thine eyes with eye salue, that thou mayest see.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I counsel thee to buy of me gold, proved by fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and the shame of thy nakedness be not seen; and lave with collyrium thine eyes, that thou mayest see.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest become rich; and white raiment, to be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness may not be seen; and put eye-salve on thine eyes, that thou mayest see.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I counsel 4823
{4823} Prime
συμβουλεύω
sumbouleuo
{soom-bool-yoo'-o}
From G4862 and G1011; to give (or take) advice jointly, that is, recommend, deliberate or determine.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
thee 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
to buy 59
{0059} Prime
ἀγοράζω
agorazo
{ag-or-ad'-zo}
From G0058; properly to go to market, that is, (by implication) to purchase; specifically to redeem.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
of 3844
{3844} Prime
παρά
para
{par-ah'}
A primary preposition; properly near, that is, (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]). In compounds it retains the same variety of application.
me 1700
{1700} Prime
ἐμοῦ
emou
{em-oo'}
A prolonged form of G3449; of me.
gold 5553
{5553} Prime
χρυσίον
chrusion
{khroo-see'-on}
Diminutive of G5557; a golden article, that is, gold plating, ornament, or coin.
tried 4448
{4448} Prime
πυρόω
puroo
{poo-ro'-o}
From G4442; to kindle, that is, (passively) to be ignited, glow (literally), be refined (by implication), or (figuratively) to be inflamed (with anger, grief, lust).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
in 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the fire, 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
thou mayest be rich; 4147
{4147} Prime
πλουτέω
plouteo
{ploo-teh'-o}
From G4148; to be (or become) wealthy (literally or figuratively).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
white 3022
{3022} Prime
λευκός
leukos
{lyoo-kos'}
From λύκη [[luke]] ('light'); white.
raiment, 2440
{2440} Prime
ἱμάτιον
himation
{him-at'-ee-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of ἕννυμι [[ennumi]] (to put on); a dress (inner or outer).
that y2443
[2443] Standard
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
x2553
(2553) Complement
κακοπαθέω
kakopatheo
{kak-op-ath-eh'-o}
From the same as G2552; to undergo hardship.
thou mayest be clothed, 4016
{4016} Prime
περιβάλλω
periballo
{per-ee-bal'-lo}
From G4012 and G0906; to throw all around, that is, invest (with a palisade or with clothing).
z5643
<5643> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 15
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[that] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
shame 152
{0152} Prime
αἰσχύνη
aischune
{ahee-skhoo'-nay}
From G0153; shame or disgrace (abstractly or concretely).
of thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
nakedness 1132
{1132} Prime
γυμνότης
gumnotes
{goom-not'-ace}
From G1131; nudity (absolutely or comparatively).
do y5319
[5319] Standard
φανερόω
phaneroo
{fan-er-o'-o}
From G5318; to render apparent (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
appear; 5319
{5319} Prime
φανερόω
phaneroo
{fan-er-o'-o}
From G5318; to render apparent (literally or figuratively).
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
anoint 1472
{1472} Prime
ἐγχρίω
egchrio
{eng-khree'-o}
From G1722 and G5548; to rub in (oil), that is, besmear.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
thine 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
eyes 3788
{3788} Prime
ὀφθαλμός
ophthalmos
{of-thal-mos'}
From G3700; the eye (literally or figuratively); by implication vision; figuratively envy (from the jealous side glance).
with eyesalve, 2854
{2854} Prime
κολλούριον
kollourion
{kol-loo'-ree-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of κολλύρα [[kollura]] (a cake; probably akin to the base of G2853); properly a poultice (as made of or in the form of crackers), that is, (by analogy) a plaster.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
thou mayest see. 991
{0991} Prime
βλέπω
blepo
{blep'-o}
A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 3:18

_ _ Gentle and loving irony. Take My advice, thou who fanciest thyself in need of nothing. Not only art thou not in need of nothing, but art in need of the commonest necessaries of existence. He graciously stoops to their modes of thought and speech: Thou art a people ready to listen to any counsel as to how to buy to advantage; then, listen to My counsel (for I am “Counselor,Isaiah 9:6), buy of ME” (in whom, according to Paul’s Epistle written to the neighboring Colosse and intended for the Laodicean Church also, Colossians 2:1, Colossians 2:3; Colossians 4:16, are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge). “Buy” does not imply that we can, by any work or merit of ours, purchase God’s free gift; nay the very purchase money consists in the renunciation of all self-righteousness, such as Laodicea had (Revelation 3:17). “Buy” at the cost of thine own self-sufficiency (so Paul, Philippians 3:7, Philippians 3:8); and the giving up of all things, however dear to us, that would prevent our receiving Christ’s salvation as a free gift, for example, self and worldly desires. Compare Isaiah 55:1, “Buy ... without money and price.”

_ _ of me — the source of “unsearchable riches” (Ephesians 3:8). Laodicea was a city of extensive money transactions [Cicero].

_ _ gold tried in, etc. — literally, “fired (and fresh) from the fire,” that is, just fresh from the furnace which has proved its purity, and retaining its bright gloss. Sterling spiritual wealth, as contrasted with its counterfeit, in which Laodicea boasted itself. Having bought this gold she will be no longer poor (Revelation 3:17).

_ _ mayest be richGreek, “mayest be enriched.”

_ _ white raiment — “garments.” Laodicea’s wools were famous. Christ offers infinitely whiter raiment. As “gold tried in the fire” expresses faith tested by fiery trials: so “white raiment,” Christ’s righteousness imputed to the believer in justification and imparted in sanctification.

_ _ appearGreek, “be manifested,” namely, at the last day, when everyone without the wedding garment shall be discovered. To strip one, is in the East the image of putting to open shame. So also to clothe one with fine apparel is the image of doing him honor. Man can discover his shame, God alone can cover it, so that his nakedness shall not be manifested at last (Colossians 3:10-14). Blessed is he whose sin is so covered. The hypocrite’s shame may be manifested now; it must be so at last.

_ _ anoint ... with eye-salve — The oldest manuscripts read, “(buy of Me) eye-salve (collyrium, a roll of ointment), to anoint thine eyes.” Christ has for Laodicea an ointment far more precious than all the costly unguents of the East. The eye is here the conscience or inner light of the mind. According as it is sound and “single” (Greek,haplous,” “simple”), or otherwise, the man sees aright spiritually, or does not. The Holy Spirit’s unction, like the ancient eye-salve’s, first smarts with conviction of sin, then heals. He opens our eyes first to ourselves in our wretchedness, then to the Savior in His preciousness. Trench notices that the most sunken churches of the seven, namely, Sardis and Laodicea, are the ones in which alone are specified no opponents from without, nor heresies from within. The Church owes much to God’s overruling Providence which has made so often internal and external foes, in spite of themselves, to promote His cause by calling forth her energies in contending for the faith once delivered to the saints. Peace is dearly bought at the cost of spiritual stagnation, where there is not interest enough felt in religion to contend about it at all.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 3:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 3:18

I counsel thee — who art poor, and blind, and naked. To buy of me — Without money or price. Gold purified in the fire — True, living faith, which is purified in the furnace of affliction. And white raiment — True holiness. And eyesalve — Spiritual illumination; the "unction of the Holy One," which teacheth all things.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
counsel:

Psalms 16:7 I will bless the LORD, who hath given me counsel: my reins also instruct me in the night seasons.
Psalms 32:8 I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye.
Psalms 73:24 Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me [to] glory.
Psalms 107:11 Because they rebelled against the words of God, and contemned the counsel of the most High:
Proverbs 1:25 But ye have set at nought all my counsel, and would none of my reproof:
Proverbs 1:30 They would none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof.
Proverbs 19:20 Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest be wise in thy latter end.
Ecclesiastes 8:2 I [counsel thee] to keep the king's commandment, and [that] in regard of the oath of God.

buy:

Proverbs 23:23 Buy the truth, and sell [it] not; [also] wisdom, and instruction, and understanding.
Isaiah 55:1 Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
Matthew 13:44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.
Matthew 25:9 But the wise answered, saying, [Not so]; lest there be not enough for us and you: but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves.

gold:

Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
1 Corinthians 3:12-13 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; ... Every man's work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man's work of what sort it is.
1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:

that thou:

Revelation 2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and [I know] the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but [are] the synagogue of Satan.
Luke 12:21 So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
2 Corinthians 8:9 For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
1 Timothy 6:18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?

white:

Revelation 3:4-5 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy. ... He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.
Revelation 7:13 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they?
Revelation 16:15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed [is] he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
Revelation 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
2 Corinthians 5:3 If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked.

the shame:

Revelation 16:15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed [is] he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
Isaiah 47:3 Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, yea, thy shame shall be seen: I will take vengeance, and I will not meet [thee as] a man.
Jeremiah 13:26 Therefore will I discover thy skirts upon thy face, that thy shame may appear.
Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame [and] everlasting contempt.
Micah 1:11 Pass ye away, thou inhabitant of Saphir, having thy shame naked: the inhabitant of Zaanan came not forth in the mourning of Bethezel; he shall receive of you his standing.
Nahum 3:5 Behold, I [am] against thee, saith the LORD of hosts; and I will discover thy skirts upon thy face, and I will shew the nations thy nakedness, and the kingdoms thy shame.

anoint:

John 9:6-11 When he had thus spoken, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and he anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay, ... He answered and said, A man that is called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash: and I went and washed, and I received sight.
1 John 2:20-27 But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things. ... But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 16:7; 32:8; 73:24; 107:11. Pv 1:25, 30; 19:20; 23:23. Ec 8:2. Is 47:3; 55:1. Jr 13:26. Dn 12:2. Mi 1:11. Na 3:5. Mal 3:3. Mt 13:44; 25:9. Lk 12:21. Jn 9:6. 1Co 3:12. 2Co 5:3; 8:9. 1Ti 6:18. Jm 2:5. 1P 1:7. 1Jn 2:20. Rv 2:9; 3:4; 7:13; 16:15; 19:8.

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