Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Revelation 3:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot; I wish that you were cold or hot.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot; I would thou wert cold or hot.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I know thy works;—that neither, cold, art thou, nor hot: I would that, cold, thou hadst been, or hot.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have known thy works, that neither cold art thou nor hot; I would thou wert cold or hot.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot. I would thou wert cold or hot.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I know thy workes, that thou art neither cold nor hot, I would thou wert cold or hot.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I know thy works, that thou art neither hot nor cold. Would that thou wast cold or hot!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I know thy works, that thou art neither hot, nor cold; I would that thou wert cold or hot.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
thou art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
neither 3777
{3777} Prime
οὔτε
oute
{oo'-teh}
From G3756 and G5037; not too, that is, neither or nor; by analogy not even.
cold 5593
{5593} Prime
ψυχρός
psuchros
{psoo-chros'}
From G5592; chilly (literally or figuratively).
nor 3777
{3777} Prime
οὔτε
oute
{oo'-teh}
From G3756 and G5037; not too, that is, neither or nor; by analogy not even.
hot: 2200
{2200} Prime
ζεστός
zestos
{dzes-tos'}
From G2204; boiled, that is, (by implication) calid (figuratively fervent).
I would 3785
{3785} Prime
ὄφελον
ophelon
{of'-el-on}
First person singular of a past tense of G3784; I ought (wish), that is, (interjectionally) oh that!.
thou wert 1498
{1498} Prime
εἴην
eien
{i'-ane}
Optative (that is, English subjunctive) present of G1510 (including the other person); might (could, would or should) be.
z5751
<5751> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Optative (See G5793)
Count - 12
cold 5593
{5593} Prime
ψυχρός
psuchros
{psoo-chros'}
From G5592; chilly (literally or figuratively).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
hot. 2200
{2200} Prime
ζεστός
zestos
{dzes-tos'}
From G2204; boiled, that is, (by implication) calid (figuratively fervent).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 3:15

_ _ neither cold — The antithesis to “hot,” literally, “boiling” (“fervent,” Acts 18:25; Romans 12:11; compare Song of Songs 8:6; Luke 24:32), requires that “cold” should here mean more than negatively cold; it is rather, positively icy cold: having never yet been warmed. The Laodiceans were in spiritual things cold comparatively, but not cold as the world outside, and as those who had never belonged to the Church. The lukewarm state, if it be the transitional stage to a warmer, is a desirable state (for a little religion, if real, is better than none); but most fatal when, as here, an abiding condition, for it is mistaken for a safe state (Revelation 3:17). This accounts for Christ’s desiring that they were cold rather than lukewarm. For then there would not be the same “danger of mixed motive and disregarded principle” [Alford]. Also, there is more hope of the “cold,” that is, those who are of the world, and not yet warmed by the Gospel call; for, when called, they may become hot and fervent Christians: such did the once-cold publicans, Zacchaeus and Matthew, become. But the lukewarm has been brought within reach of the holy fire, without being heated by it into fervor: having religion enough to lull the conscience in false security, but not religion enough to save the soul: as Demas, 2 Timothy 4:10. Such were the halters between two opinions in Israel (1 Kings 18:21; compare 2 Kings 17:41; Matthew 6:24).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 3:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 3:15

I know thy works — Thy disposition and behaviour, though thou knowest it not thyself. That thou art neither cold — An utter stranger to the things of God, having no care or thought about them. Nor hot — As boiling water: so ought we to be penetrated and heated by the fire of love. O that thou wert — This wish of our Lord plainly implies that he does not work on us irresistibly, as the fire does on the water which it heats. Cold or hot — Even if thou wert cold, without any thought or profession of religion, there would be more hope of thy recovery.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 3:15

(12) I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

(12) The proposition of reproof is in this verse, and in (Revelation 3:16) a threat while in (Revelation 3:17) a confirmation declares the same. To faith and repentance in (Revelation 3:18-19) a conditional promise is added in (Revelation 3:20).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I know:

Revelation 3:1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
Revelation 2:2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:

that:

Revelation 2:4 Nevertheless I have [somewhat] against thee, because thou hast left thy first love.
Matthew 24:12 And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.
Philippians 1:9 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment;
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:

I would:

Deuteronomy 5:29 O that there were such an heart in them, that they would fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that it might be well with them, and with their children for ever!
Psalms 81:11-13 But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me. ... Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, [and] Israel had walked in my ways!
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and [that] I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest [there be] debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:

thou:

Joshua 24:15-24 And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that [were] on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD. ... And the people said unto Joshua, The LORD our God will we serve, and his voice will we obey.
1 Kings 18:21 And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the LORD [be] God, follow him: but if Baal, [then] follow him. And the people answered him not a word.
Proverbs 23:26 My son, give me thine heart, and let thine eyes observe my ways.
Hosea 7:8 Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.
Hosea 10:2 Their heart is divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images.
Zephaniah 1:5-6 And them that worship the host of heaven upon the housetops; and them that worship [and] that swear by the LORD, and that swear by Malcham; ... And them that are turned back from the LORD; and [those] that have not sought the LORD, nor enquired for him.
Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Matthew 10:37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.
Luke 14:27-28 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple. ... For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have [sufficient] to finish [it]?
1 Corinthians 16:22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema Maranatha.
James 1:8 A double minded man [is] unstable in all his ways.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 5:29. Jsh 24:15. 1K 18:21. Ps 81:11. Pv 23:26. Ho 7:8; 10:2. Zp 1:5. Mt 6:24; 10:37; 24:12. Lk 14:27. 1Co 16:22. 2Co 12:20. Php 1:9. 2Th 1:3. Jm 1:8. 1P 1:22. Rv 2:2, 4; 3:1.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Revelation 3:15.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Revelation 3:15


Recent Chat Bible Comments