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Revelation 22:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things for the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright, the morning star.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning-star.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— *I* Jesus have sent mine angel to testify these things to you in the assemblies. *I* am the root and offspring of David, the bright [and] morning star.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I, Jesus, have sent my messenger, to bear witness unto you of these things, for the assemblies. I, am the Root and the Offspring of David, the bright and the morning Star.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'I, Jesus did send my messenger to testify to you these things concerning the assemblies; I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright and morning star!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I, Jesus, have sent my angel, to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and stock of David, the bright and morning star.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I Iesus haue sent mine Angel, to testifie vnto you these things in the Churches. I am the roote and the offspring of Dauid, and the bright and morning starre.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I JESHU have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things before the churches. I am the root and the offspring of Dawid, as the bright, the morning star.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I Jesus have sent my angel, to testify to you these things before the churches. I am the root and offspring of David: like the splendid star of the morning.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
have sent 3992
{3992} Prime
πέμπω
pempo
{pem'-po}
Apparently a primary verb; to dispatch (from the subjective view or point of departure, whereas ἵημι [[hiemi]] [as a stronger form of εἶμι [[eimi]] ] refers rather to the objective point or terminus ad quem, and G4724 denotes properly the orderly motion involved), especially on a temporary errand; also to transmit, bestow, or wield.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
mine 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
angel 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
to testify 3140
{3140} Prime
μαρτυρέω
martureo
{mar-too-reh'-o}
From G3144; to be a witness, that is, testify (literally or figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
unto you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
these things 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
churches. 1577
{1577} Prime
ἐκκλησία
ekklesia
{ek-klay-see'-ah}
From a compound of G1537 and a derivative of G2564; a calling out, that is, (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both).
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
am 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
root 4491
{4491} Prime
ῥίζα
rhiza
{hrid'-zah}
Apparently a primary word; a 'root' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
offspring 1085
{1085} Prime
γένος
genos
{ghen'-os}
From G1096; 'kin' (abstractly or concretely, literally or figuratively, individually or collectively).
of David, 1138
{1138} Prime
Δαβίδ
Dabid
{dab-eed'}
Of Hebrew origin [H1732]; Dabid (that is, David), the Israelite king.
[and] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
bright 2986
{2986} Prime
λαμπρός
lampros
{lam-pros'}
From the same as G2985; radiant; by analogy limpid; figuratively magnificent or sumptuous (in appearance).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
morning 3720
{3720} Prime
ὀρθρινός
orthrinos
{or-thrin-os'}
From G3722; relating to the dawn, that is, matutinal (as an epithet of Venus, especially brilliant in the early day).
star. 792
{0792} Prime
ἀστήρ
aster
{as-tare'}
Probably from the base of G4766; a star (as strown over the sky), literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 22:16

_ _ mine angel — for Jesus is Lord of the angels.

_ _ unto you — ministers and people in the seven representative churches, and, through you, to testify to Christians of all times and places.

_ _ root ... offspring of David — appropriate title here where assuring His Church of “the sure mercies of David,” secured to Israel first, and through Israel to the Gentiles. Root of David, as being Jehovah; the offspring of David as man. David’s Lord, yet David’s son (Matthew 22:42-45).

_ _ the morning star — that ushered in the day of grace in the beginning of this dispensation and that shall usher in the everlasting day of glory at its close.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 22:6-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 22:16

I Jesus have sent my angel to testify these things — Primarily. To you — The seven angels of the churches; then to those churches — and afterwards to all other churches in succeeding ages. I — as God. Am the root — And source of David's family and kingdom; as man, an descended from his loins. "I am the star out of Jacob," Numbers 24:17; like the bright morning star, who put an end to the night of ignorance, sin, and sorrow, and usher in an eternal day of light, purity, and joy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 22:16

(8) I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.

(8) The second passage of confirmation (as I said) is the speech of Christ ratifying the vocation of John, and the authority of his calling and testimony, both from the condition of his own person being God and man, in whom all the promises of God are Yea and Amen; (2 Corinthians 1:20) and also from the testimony of other people, by the acclamation of the Holy Spirit, who here is an honourable assistant of the marriage of the Church as the spouse: and of each of the godly as members; and finally from the thing present, that of their own knowledge and accord, they are called forth to the participation of the good things of God; (Genesis 22:17).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Revelation 22:1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
Revelation 22:11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.
Revelation 2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.
Revelation 2:11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.
Revelation 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it].
Revelation 2:29 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
Revelation 3:6 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
Revelation 3:13 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
Revelation 3:22 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

I Jesus:

Revelation 22:6 And he said unto me, These sayings [are] faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.
Revelation 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified [it] by his angel unto his servant John:

to testify:

Revelation 22:20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

I am:

Revelation 5:5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Zechariah 6:12 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD:
Matthew 22:42 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, [The Son] of David.
Matthew 22:45 If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
Romans 1:3-4 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; ... And declared [to be] the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:
Romans 9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

the bright:

Revelation 2:28 And I will give him the morning star.
Numbers 24:17 I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.
Matthew 2:2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.
Matthew 2:7-10 Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, enquired of them diligently what time the star appeared. ... When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.
Luke 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
2 Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 24:17. Is 11:1. Zc 6:12. Mt 2:2, 7; 22:42, 45. Lk 1:78. Ro 1:3; 9:5. 2P 1:19. Rv 1:1; 2:7, 11, 17, 28, 29; 3:6, 13, 22; 5:5; 22:1, 6, 11, 20.

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