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Revelation 22:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he showed me a river of water of life, bright as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he shewed me a river of water of life, bright as crystal, going out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he pointed out to me a river of water of life, bright as crystal, issuing forth out of the throne of God and of the Lamb,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, bright as crystal, going forth out of the throne of God and of the Lamb:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he shewed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he shewed mee a pure riuer of water of life, cleere as Chrystall, proceeding out of the throne of God, and of the Lambe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— AND he showed me a river of waters of life, clear as crystal, coming forth from the throne of Aloha and of the Lamb.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he showed me a river of living water, transparent [as] crystal, which proceeded from the throne of God and the Lamb.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he shewed 1166
{1166} Prime
δείκνυω
deiknuo
{dike-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of an obsolete primary of the same meaning; to show (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
me 3427
{3427} Prime
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
a pure 2513
{2513} Prime
καθαρός
katharos
{kath-ar-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; clean (literally or figuratively).
river 4215
{4215} Prime
ποταμός
potamos
{pot-am-os'}
Probably from a derivative of the alternate of G4095 (compare G4224); a current, brook or freshet (as drinkable), that is, running water.
of water 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
of life, 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
clear 2986
{2986} Prime
λαμπρός
lampros
{lam-pros'}
From the same as G2985; radiant; by analogy limpid; figuratively magnificent or sumptuous (in appearance).
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
crystal, 2930
{2930} Prime
κρύσταλλος
krustallos
{kroos'-tal-los}
From a derivative of κρύος [[kruos]] (frost); ice, that is, (by analogy) rock 'crystal'.
proceeding 1607
{1607} Prime
ἐκπορεύομαι
ekporeuomai
{ek-por-yoo'-om-ahee}
From G1537 and G4198; to depart, be discharged, proceed, project.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
out of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
throne 2362
{2362} Prime
θρόνος
thronos
{thron'-os}
From θράω [[thrao]] (to sit); a stately seat ('throne'); by implication power or (concretely) a potentate.
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lamb. 721
{0721} Prime
ἀρνίον
arnion
{ar-nee'-on}
Diminutive from G0704; a lambkin.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 22:1

_ _ Revelation 22:1-21. The river of life: The tree of life: The other blessednesses of the redeemed. John forbidden to worship the angel. Nearness of Christ’s coming to fix man’s eternal state. Testimony of Jesus, His Spirit, and the Bride, any addition to which, or subtraction from which, shall be eternally punished. Closing benediction.

_ _ pure — A, B, Vulgate, and Hilary 22, omit.

_ _ water of life — infinitely superior to the typical waters in the first Paradise (Genesis 2:10-14); and even superior to those figurative ones in the millennial Jerusalem (Ezekiel 47:1, Ezekiel 47:12; Zechariah 14:8), as the matured fruit is superior to the flower. The millennial waters represent full Gospel grace; these waters of new Jerusalem represent Gospel glory perfected. Their continuous flow from God, the Fountain of life, symbolizes the uninterrupted continuance of life derived by the saints, ever fresh, from Him: life in fullness of joy, as well as perpetual vitality. Like pure crystal, it is free from every taint: compare Revelation 4:6, “before the throne a sea of glass, like crystal.”

_ _ clearGreek, “bright.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Revelation 22:1-5

_ _ The heavenly state which was before described as a city, and called the new Jerusalem, is here described as a paradise, alluding to the earthly paradise which was lost by the sin of the first Adam; here is another paradise restored by the second Adam. A paradise in a city, or a whole city in a paradise! In the first paradise there were only two persons to behold the beauty and taste the pleasures of it; but in this second paradise whole cities and nations shall find abundant delight and satisfaction. And here observe,

_ _ I. The river of paradise. The earthly paradise was well watered: no place can be pleasant or fruitful that is not so. This river is described, 1. By its fountain-head — the throne of God and the Lamb. All our springs of grace, comfort, and glory, are in God; and all our streams from him are through the mediation of the Lamb. 2. By its quality — pure and clear as crystal. All the streams of earthly comfort are muddy; but these are clear, salutary, and refreshing, giving life, and preserving life, to those who drink of them.

_ _ II. The tree of life, in this paradise. Such a tree there was in the earthly paradise, Genesis 2:9. This far excels it. And now, as to this tree, observe, 1. The situation of it — in the midst of the street, and on either side the river; or, as might have been better rendered, in the midst between the terrace-walk and the river. This tree of life is fed by the pure waters of the river that comes from the throne of God. The presence and perfections of God furnish out all the glory and blessedness of heaven. 2. The fruitfulness of this tree. (1.) It brings forth many sorts of fruit — twelve sorts, suited to the refined taste of all the saints. (2.) It brings forth fruit at all times — yields its fruit every month. This tree is never empty, never barren; there is always fruit upon it. In heaven there is not only a variety of pure and satisfying pleasures, but a continuance of them, and always fresh. (3.) The fruit is not only pleasant, but wholesome. The presence of God in heaven is the health and happiness of the saints; there they find in him a remedy for all their former maladies, and are preserved by him in the most healthful and vigorous state.

_ _ III. The perfect freedom of this paradise from every thing that is evil (Revelation 22:3): There shall be no more curse; no accursed onekatanathema, no serpent there, as there was in the earthly paradise. Here is the great excellency of this paradise. The devil has nothing to do there; he cannot draw the saints from serving God to be subject to himself, as he did our first parents, nor can he so much as disturb them in the service of God.

_ _ IV. The supreme felicity of this paradisiacal state. 1. There the saints shall see the face of God; there they shall enjoy the beatific vision. 2. God will own them, as having his seal and name on their foreheads. 3. They shall reign with him for ever; their service shall be not only freedom but honour and dominion. 4. All this shall be with perfect knowledge and joy. They shall be full of wisdom and comfort, continually walking in the light of the Lord; and this not for a time, but for ever and ever.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 22:1

And he showed me a river of the water of life — The ever fresh and fruitful effluence of the Holy Ghost. See Ezekiel 47:1-12; where also the trees are mentioned which "bear fruit every month," that is, perpetually. Proceeding out of the throne of God, and of the Lamb — "All that the Father hath," saith the Son of God, "is mine;" even the throne of his glory.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 22:1

And (1) he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

(1) Here is absolved and finished the description of the celestial Church (as I showed before) See Revelation 21:12 by the effects in (Revelation 22:5), and then this book is concluded in the rest of the chapter. The effects proceeding from God, who dwells in the Church, are these: the everlasting grace of God, in this verse, the eternal life of the godly, as in (Revelation 2:7) the eternal fruits which the godly bring forth to God, themselves and others, (Revelation 22:2), freedom and immunity from all evil, God himself taking pleasure in his servants, and they likewise in their God, (Revelation 22:3). The beholding and sight of God, and sealing of the faithful from all eternity, (Revelation 22:4) the light of God and an everlasting kingdom and glory, (Revelation 22:5).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
A pure:

Psalms 36:8 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.
Psalms 46:4 [There is] a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of the most High.
Isaiah 41:18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.
Isaiah 48:18 O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:
Isaiah 66:12 For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream: then shall ye suck, ye shall be borne upon [her] sides, and be dandled upon [her] knees.
Ezekiel 47:1-9 Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house [stood toward] the east, and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house, at the south [side] of the altar. ... And it shall come to pass, [that] every thing that liveth, which moveth, whithersoever the rivers shall come, shall live: and there shall be a very great multitude of fish, because these waters shall come thither: for they shall be healed; and every thing shall live whither the river cometh.
Zechariah 14:8 And it shall be in that day, [that] living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.
John 7:38-39 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. ... (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet [given]; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)

water:

Revelation 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
Revelation 21:6 And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
Psalms 36:9 For with thee [is] the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.
Jeremiah 2:13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, [and] hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.
Jeremiah 17:13 O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, [and] they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the LORD, the fountain of living waters.
John 4:10-11 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water. ... The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.

clear:

Revelation 21:11 Having the glory of God: and her light [was] like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

proceeding:

Revelation 3:21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.
Revelation 4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and [there were] seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.
Revelation 5:6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.
Revelation 5:13 And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.
Revelation 7:10-11 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb. ... And all the angels stood round about the throne, and [about] the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,
Revelation 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
John 14:16-18 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; ... I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.
John 15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, [even] the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
John 16:7-15 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. ... All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you.
Acts 1:4-5 And, being assembled together with [them], commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, [saith he], ye have heard of me. ... For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.
Acts 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
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Ps 36:8, 9; 46:4. Is 41:18; 48:18; 66:12. Jr 2:13; 17:13. Ezk 47:1. Zc 14:8. Jn 4:10, 14; 7:38; 14:16; 15:26; 16:7. Ac 1:4; 2:33. Rv 3:21; 4:5; 5:6, 13; 7:10, 17; 21:6, 11.

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