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Revelation 21:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the foundations of the wall of the city [were] garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation [was] jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The foundation stones of the city wall were adorned with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation stone was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the foundations of the wall of the city [were] garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation [was] jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— the foundations of the wall of the city [were] adorned with every precious stone: the first foundation, jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The foundations of the wall of the city, with every precious stone were adorned: the first foundation, was jasper, the second, sapphire, the third, chalcedony, the fourth, emerald,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the foundations of the wall of the city with every precious stone have been adorned; the first foundation jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper: the second, sapphire: the third; a chalcedony: the fourth, an emerald:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all maner of precious stones. The first foundation was Iasper, the second Saphir, the third a Chalcedony, the fourth an Emerald,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every precious stone: the first foundation was of jaspis, the second sathphiros, the third caledon, the fourth zmoragdo,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every precious stone. The first foundation, a jasper; the second, a sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
foundations 2310
{2310} Prime
θεμέλιος
themelios
{them-el'-ee-os}
From a derivative of G5087; something put down, that is, a substruction (of a building, etc.), (literally or figuratively).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wall 5038
{5038} Prime
τεῖχος
teichos
{ti'-khos}
Akin to the base of G5088; a wall (as formative of a house).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
city 4172
{4172} Prime
πόλις
polis
{pol'-is}
Probably from the same as G4171, or perhaps from G4183; a town (properly with walls, of greater or less size).
[were] garnished x2885
(2885) Complement
κοσμέω
kosmeo
{kos-meh'-o}
From G2889; to put in proper order, that is, decorate (literally or figuratively); specifically to snuff (a wick).
with y2885
[2885] Standard
κοσμέω
kosmeo
{kos-meh'-o}
From G2889; to put in proper order, that is, decorate (literally or figuratively); specifically to snuff (a wick).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
all manner x3956
(3956) Complement
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
of y3956
[3956] Standard
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
precious 5093
{5093} Prime
τίμιος
timios
{tim'-ee-os}
Including the comparative τίμιώτερος [[timioteros]], {tim-ee-o'-ter-os}; and the superlative τίμιώτατος [[timiotatos]], {tim-ee-o'-tat-os}; from G5092; valuable, that is, (objectively) costly, or (subjectively) honored, esteemed, or (figuratively) beloved.
stones. 3037
{3037} Prime
λίθος
lithos
{lee'-thos}
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
The x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
foundation 2310
{2310} Prime
θεμέλιος
themelios
{them-el'-ee-os}
From a derivative of G5087; something put down, that is, a substruction (of a building, etc.), (literally or figuratively).
[was] jasper; 2393
{2393} Prime
ἰάσπις
iaspis
{ee'-as-pis}
Probably of foreign origin (see [H3471]); 'jasper', a gem.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
second, 1208
{1208} Prime
δεύτερος
deuteros
{dyoo'-ter-os}
As the compound of G1417; (ordinal) second (in time, place or rank; also adverbially).
sapphire; 4552
{4552} Prime
σάπφιρος
sappheiros
{sap'-fi-ros}
Of Hebrew origin [H5601]; a 'sapphire' or lapis-lazuli gem.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
third, 5154
{5154} Prime
τρίτος
tritos
{tree'-tos}
From G5140; third; neuter (as noun) a third part, or (as adverb) a (or the) third time, thirdly.
a chalcedony; 5472
{5472} Prime
χαλκηδών
chalkedon
{khal-kay-dohn'}
From G5475 and perhaps G1491; copper like, that is, 'chalcedony'.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fourth, 5067
{5067} Prime
τέταρτος
tetartos
{tet'-ar-tos}
From G5064; fourth.
an emerald; 4665
{4665} Prime
σμάραγδος
smaragdos
{smar'-ag-dos}
Of uncertain derivation; the emerald or green gem so called.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 21:19

_ _ And — so Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas. But A, B, and Vulgate omit. Compare Revelation 21:14 with this verse; also Isaiah 54:11.

_ _ all manner of precious stones — Contrast Revelation 18:12 as to the harlot, Babylon. These precious stones constituted the “foundations.”

_ _ chalcedony — agate from Chalcedon: semi-opaque, sky-blue, with stripes of other colors [Alford].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 21:9-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 21:19

And the foundations were adorned with precious stones — That is, beautifully made of them. The precious stones on the high priest's breastplate of judgment were a proper emblem to express the happiness of God's church in his presence with them, and in the blessing of his protection. The like ornaments on the foundations of the walls of this city may express the perfect glory and happiness of all the inhabitants of it from the most glorious presence and protection of God. Each precious stone was not the ornament of the foundation, but the foundation itself. The colours of these are remarkably mixed. A jasper is of the colour of white marble, with a light shade of green and of red; a sapphire is of a sky — blue, speckled with gold; a chalcedony, or carbuncle, of the colour of red — hot iron; an emerald, of a grass green.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the foundations:

Job 28:16-19 It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire. ... The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.
Proverbs 3:15 She [is] more precious than rubies: and all the things thou canst desire are not to be compared unto her.
Isaiah 54:11-12 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires. ... And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.

sapphire:

Exodus 28:17-21 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, [even] four rows of stones: [the first] row [shall be] a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: [this shall be] the first row. ... And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, [like] the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
Exodus 29:10-14 And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock. ... But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it [is] a sin offering.
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Ex 28:17; 29:10. Jb 28:16. Pv 3:15. Is 54:11.

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