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Revelation 21:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he that spake with me had for a measure a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod to measure the city, and its gates and its wall.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he that talked with me, had a golden reed to measure the city, and its gates, and its wall.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he that spoke with me had a golden reed [as] a measure, that he might measure the city, and its gates, and its wall.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, he that was talking with me, had, for a measure, a reed of gold, that he might measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he who is speaking with me had a golden reed, that he may measure the city, and its gates, and its wall;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he that spoke with me had a measure of a reed of gold, to measure the city and the gates thereof and the wall.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee that talked with mee, had a golden reede to measure the citie, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he who talked with me had a measure, a rod of gold, that he might measure the city and the gates and the walls thereof.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he that talked with me, had a measure, a golden reed; so that he could measure the city, and its gates, and its wall.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he that talked 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
me 1700
{1700} Prime
ἐμοῦ
emou
{em-oo'}
A prolonged form of G3449; of me.
had 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
a golden 5552
{5552} Prime
χρύσεος
chruseos
{khroo'-seh-os}
From G5557; made of gold.
reed 2563
{2563} Prime
κάλαμος
kalamos
{kal'-am-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a reed (the plant or its stem, or that of a similar plant); by implication a pen.
to 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
measure 3354
{3354} Prime
μετρέω
metreo
{met-reh'-o}
From G3358; to measure (that is, ascertain in size by a fixed standard); by implication to admeasure (that is, allot by rule); figuratively to estimate.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
city, 4172
{4172} Prime
πόλις
polis
{pol'-is}
Probably from the same as G4171, or perhaps from G4183; a town (properly with walls, of greater or less size).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gates 4440
{4440} Prime
πυλών
pulon
{poo-lone'}
From G4439; a gateway, door way or a building or city; by implication a portal or vestibule.
thereof, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wall 5038
{5038} Prime
τεῖχος
teichos
{ti'-khos}
Akin to the base of G5088; a wall (as formative of a house).
thereof. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 21:15

_ _ had a golden reed — so Coptic. But A, B, Vulgate, and Syriac read, “had (as) a measure, a golden reed.” In Revelation 11:2 the non-measuring of the outer courts of the temple implied its being given up to secular and heathen desecration. So here, on the contrary, the city being measured implies the entire consecration of every part, all things being brought up to the most exact standard of God’s holy requirements, and also God’s accurate guardianship henceforth of even the most minute parts of His holy city from all evil.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 21:9-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 21:15

And he measured the city, twelve thousand furlongs — Not in circumference, but on each of the four sides. Jerusalem was thirtythree furlongs in circumference; Alexandria thirty in length, ten in breadth. Nineveh is reported to have been four hundred furlongs round; Babylon four hundred and eighty. But what inconsiderable villages were all these compared to the new Jerusalem! By this measure is understood the greatness of the city, with the exact order and just proportion of every part of it; to show, figuratively, that this city was prepared for a great number of inhabitants, how small soever the number of real Christians may sometimes appear to be; and that everything relating to the happiness of that state was prepared with the greatest order and exactness.

The city is twelve thousand furlongs high; the wall, an hundred and forty — four reeds. This is exactly the same height, only expressed in a different manner. The twelve thousand furlongs, being spoken absolutely, without any explanation, are common, human furlongs: the hundred forty — four reeds are not of common human length, but of angelic, abundantly larger than human. It is said, the measure of a man that is, of an angel because St. John saw the measuring angel in an human shape. The reed therefore was as great as was the stature of that human form in which the angel appeared. In treating of all these things a deep reverence is necessary; and so is a measure of spiritual wisdom; that we may neither understand them too literally and grossly, nor go too far from the natural force of the words. The gold, the pearls, the precious stones, the walls, foundations, gates, are undoubtedly figurative expressions; seeing the city itself is in glory, and the inhabitants of it have spiritual bodies: yet these spiritual bodies are also real bodies, and the city is an abode distinct from its inhabitants, and proportioned to them who take up a finite and a determinate space. The measures, therefore, above mentioned are real and determinate.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 21:15

(13) And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.

(13) A transition to a more exquisite description of the parts of the Church, by finding out its size, by the angel that measured them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a golden:

Revelation 11:1-2 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. ... But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty [and] two months.
Exodus 40:3-5 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail. ... And thou shalt set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.
Ezekiel 41:1-5 Afterward he brought me to the temple, and measured the posts, six cubits broad on the one side, and six cubits broad on the other side, [which was] the breadth of the tabernacle. ... After he measured the wall of the house, six cubits; and the breadth of [every] side chamber, four cubits, round about the house on every side.
Zechariah 2:1 I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.
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Ex 40:3. Ezk 41:1. Zc 2:1. Rv 11:1.

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