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Revelation 21:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the wall of the city had twelve foundation stones, and on them [were] the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, the wall of the city, having twelve foundations, and, upon them, twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the wall of the city had twelve foundations: And in them, the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the wall of the citie had twelue foundations, and in them the names of the twelue Apostles of the Lambe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the wall of the city had twelve foundations; and upon them the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and upon them the twelve names of the twelve legates of the Lamb.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wall 5038
{5038} Prime
τεῖχος
teichos
{ti'-khos}
Akin to the base of G5088; a wall (as formative of a house).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
city 4172
{4172} Prime
πόλις
polis
{pol'-is}
Probably from the same as G4171, or perhaps from G4183; a town (properly with walls, of greater or less size).
had 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
twelve 1427
{1427} Prime
δώδεκα
dodeka
{do'-dek-ah}
From G1417 and G1176; two and ten, that is, a dozen.
foundations, 2310
{2310} Prime
θεμέλιος
themelios
{them-el'-ee-os}
From a derivative of G5087; something put down, that is, a substruction (of a building, etc.), (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
the names 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
twelve 1427
{1427} Prime
δώδεκα
dodeka
{do'-dek-ah}
From G1417 and G1176; two and ten, that is, a dozen.
apostles 652
{0652} Prime
ἀπόστολος
apostolos
{ap-os'-tol-os}
From G0649; a delegate; specifically an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ ('apostle'), (with miraculous powers).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lamb. 721
{0721} Prime
ἀρνίον
arnion
{ar-nee'-on}
Diminutive from G0704; a lambkin.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 21:14

_ _ twelve foundations — Joshua, the type of Jesus, chose twelve men out of the people, to carry twelve stones over the Jordan with them, as Jesus chose twelve apostles to be the twelve foundations of the heavenly city, of which He is Himself the Chief corner-stone. Peter is not the only apostolic rock on whose preaching Christ builds His Church. Christ Himself is the true foundation: the twelve are foundations only in regard to their apostolic testimony concerning Him. Though Paul was an apostle besides the twelve, yet the mystical number is retained, twelve representing the Church, namely thirty the divine number, multiplied by four, the world number.

_ _ in them the names, etc. — As architects often have their names inscribed on their great works, so the names of the apostles shall be held in everlasting remembrance. Vulgate reads, “in them.” But A, B, Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas read, “upon them.” These authorities also insert “twelve” before “names.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 21:9-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 21:14

And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb — Figuratively showing that the inhabitants of the city had built only on that faith which the apostles once delivered to the saints.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 21:14

And the wall of the city had (12) twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

(12) That is, foundation stones, according to the number of the gates, as is shown in (Revelation 21:19).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
foundations:

Revelation 21:19-21 And the foundations of the wall of the city [were] garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation [was] jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; ... And the twelve gates [were] twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city [was] pure gold, as it were transparent glass.
Isaiah 54:11 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.
Hebrews 11:10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker [is] God.

and in:

Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, [thou] heaven, and [ye] holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.
Matthew 10:2-4 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James [the son] of Zebedee, and John his brother; ... Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
Matthew 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
1 Corinthians 3:10-11 According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. ... For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
Ephesians 2:20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner [stone];
Ephesians 3:5 Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;
Ephesians 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
Jude 1:17 But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 54:11. Mt 10:2; 16:18. 1Co 3:10. Ga 2:9. Ep 2:20; 3:5; 4:11. He 11:10. Jde 1:17. Rv 18:20; 21:19.

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