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Revelation 21:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— having the glory of God: her light was like unto a stone most precious, as it were a jasper stone, clear as crystal:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Having the glory of God: and her light [was] like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— having the glory of God. Her brilliance was like a very costly stone, as a stone of crystal-clear jasper.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Having the glory of God: and her light [was] like to a stone most precious, even like a jasper-stone, clear as crystal;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— having the glory of God. Her shining [was] like a most precious stone, as a crystal-like jasper stone;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— having the glory of God,—her lustre, like unto a stone most precious, as a jasper stone, shining as crystal;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— having the glory of God, and her light [is] like a stone most precious, as a jasper stone clear as crystal,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Having the glory of God, and the light thereof was like to a precious stone, as to the jasper stone even as crystal.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hauing the glory of God: and her light [was] like vnto a stone most precious; euen like a iasper stone, cleare as christal,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— having the glory of Aloha, as the clearness of light, like a stone of great price, as the stone Jaspon, resembling crystallos;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— in which was the glory of God, as a brilliant light, and resembling a very precious gem; like a jasper stone, resembling crystal.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Having 2192
{2192} Prime
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
glory 1391
{1391} Prime
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
of God: 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
her y846
[0846] Standard
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
(0848) Complement
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
light 5458
{5458} Prime
From G5457; an illuminator, that is, (concretely) a luminary, or (abstractly) brilliancy.
[was] like y3664
[3664] Standard
From the base of G3674; similar (in appearance or character).
unto x3664
(3664) Complement
From the base of G3674; similar (in appearance or character).
a stone 3037
{3037} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
most precious, 5093
{5093} Prime
Including the comparative τίμιώτερος [[timioteros]], {tim-ee-o'-ter-os}; and the superlative τίμιώτατος [[timiotatos]], {tim-ee-o'-tat-os}; from G5092; valuable, that is, (objectively) costly, or (subjectively) honored, esteemed, or (figuratively) beloved.
even like 5613
{5613} Prime
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
a jasper 2393
{2393} Prime
Probably of foreign origin (see [H3471]); 'jasper', a gem.
stone, 3037
{3037} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
clear as crystal; 2929
{2929} Prime
From G2930; to make (that is, intransitively resemble) ice ('crystallize').
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 21:11

_ _ Having the glory of God — not merely the Shekinah-cloud, but God Himself as her glory dwelling in the midst of her. Compare the type, the earthly Jerusalem in the millennium (Zechariah 2:5; compare Revelation 21:23, below).

_ _ her lightGreek, “light-giver”: properly applied to the heavenly luminaries which diffuse light. Compare Note, see on Philippians 2:15, the only other passage where it occurs. The “and” before “her light’ is omitted in A, B, and Vulgate.

_ _ even likeGreek, “as it were.”

_ _ jasper — representing watery crystalline brightness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 21:9-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 21:11

Having the glory of God — For her light, Revelation 21:23, Isaiah 40:1-2, Zechariah 2:5. Her window — There was only one, which ran all round the city. The light did not come in from without through this for the glory of God is within the city. But it shines out from within to a great distance, Revelation 21:23-24.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the glory:

Revelation 21:22-23 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. ... And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb [is] the light thereof.
Revelation 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.
Isaiah 4:5 And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory [shall be] a defence.
Isaiah 60:1-2 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. ... For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
Isaiah 60:19-20 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory. ... Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.
Ezekiel 48:35 [It was] round about eighteen thousand [measures]: and the name of the city from [that] day [shall be], The LORD [is] there.


Revelation 21:19 And the foundations of the wall of the city [were] garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation [was] jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
Ezekiel 1:26 And above the firmament that [was] over their heads [was] the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne [was] the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it.
Ezekiel 28:13-14 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. ... Thou [art] the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee [so]: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
Ezekiel 28:16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.


Revelation 21:18 And the building of the wall of it was [of] jasper: and the city [was] pure gold, like unto clear glass.
Revelation 4:6 And before the throne [there was] a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, [were] four beasts full of eyes before and behind.
Revelation 22:1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
Job 28:17 The gold and the crystal cannot equal it: and the exchange of it [shall not be for] jewels of fine gold.
Ezekiel 1:22 And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature [was] as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.
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Jb 28:17. Is 4:5; 60:1, 19. Ezk 1:22, 26; 28:13, 16; 48:35. Rv 4:6; 21:18, 19, 22; 22:1, 5.

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