Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Revelation 2:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I know thy works, and thy love and faith and ministry and patience, and that thy last works are more than the first.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last [to be] more than the first.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘I know your deeds, and your love and faith and service and perseverance, and that your deeds of late are greater than at first.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last [to be] more than the first:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I know thy works, and love, and faith, and service, and thine endurance, and thy last works [to be] more than the first.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I know thy works, and thy love, and faith, and ministry, and endurance,—and that, thy last works, are more than the first.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have known thy works, and love, and ministration, and faith, and thy endurance, and thy works—and the last [are] more than the first.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I know thy works and thy faith and thy charity and thy ministry and thy patience and thy last works, which are more than the former.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I know thy works, and charitie, and seruice, and faith, and thy patience, and thy workes, and the last [to bee] more then the first.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I know thy works, and thy love and faith and service; and also thy patience, and thy last works to be greater than the first.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I know thy works, and love, and faith, and service, and also thy patience; and that these thy latter works are more than the former.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
charity, 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
service, 1248
{1248} Prime
διακονία
diakonia
{dee-ak-on-ee'-ah}
From G1249; attendance (as a servant, etc.); figuratively (eleemosynary) aid, (official) service (especially of the Christian teacher, or technically of the diaconate).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
patience, 5281
{5281} Prime
ὑπομονή
hupomone
{hoop-om-on-ay'}
From G5278; cheerful (or hopeful) endurance, constancy.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
works; 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
[to be] more x4119
(4119) Complement
πλειῶν
pleion
{pli'-own}
Comparative of G4183; more in quantity, number, or quality; also (in plural) the major portion.
than y4119
[4119] Standard
πλειῶν
pleion
{pli'-own}
Comparative of G4183; more in quantity, number, or quality; also (in plural) the major portion.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
first. 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 2:19

_ _ The oldest manuscripts transpose the English Version order, and read, “faith and service.” The four are subordinate to “thy works”; thus, “I know thy works, even the love and the faith (these two forming one pair, as ‘faith works by love,’ Galatians 5:6), and the service (ministration to the suffering members of the Church, and to all in spiritual or temporal need), and the endurance of (that is, shown by) thee (this pronoun belongs to all four).” As love is inward, so service is its outward manifestation. Similarly, faith and persevering endurance, or “patient continuance (the same Greek as here, Romans 2:7) in well-doing,” are connected.

_ _ and thy works; and the last — Omit the second “and,” with the three oldest manuscripts and the ancient versions; translate, “And (I know) thy works which are last (to be) more in number than the first”; realizing 1 Thessalonians 4:1; the converse of Matthew 12:45; 2 Peter 2:20. Instead of retrograding from “the first works” and “first love,” as Ephesus, Thyatira’s last works exceeded her first (Revelation 2:4, Revelation 2:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 2:18-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 2:19

I know thy love — How different a character is this from that of the angel of the church at Ephesus! The latter could not bear the wicked, and hated the works of the Nicolaitans; but had left his first love and first works. The former retained his first love, and had more and more works, but did bear the wicked, did not withstand them with becoming vehemence. Mixed characters both; yet the latter, not the former, is reproved for his fall, and commanded to repent. And faith, and thy service, and patience — Love is shown, exercised, and improved by serving God and our neighbour; so is faith by patience and good works.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 2:19

I know (19) thy works, and charity, and (i) service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last [to be] more than the first.

(19) The note of praise is in this verse, and in (Revelation 2:20) reprehension, for they tolerated with them the doctrine of unrighteousness and ungodliness. In (Revelation 2:21), though they were called back to God, they did not repent. To this he adds even stronger threats and in (Revelation 3:2-5) he gives a conditional promise and an exhortation to hold fast the truth

(i) So he calls those offices of charity which are done to the saints.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
know:

Revelation 2:2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:
Revelation 2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and [I know] the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but [are] the synagogue of Satan.
Revelation 2:13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, [even] where Satan's seat [is]: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas [was] my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.

charity:

1 Corinthians 13:1-8 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become [as] sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. ... Charity never faileth: but whether [there be] prophecies, they shall fail; whether [there be] tongues, they shall cease; whether [there be] knowledge, it shall vanish away.
Colossians 3:14 And above all these things [put on] charity, which is the bond of perfectness.
1 Thessalonians 3:6 But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also [to see] you:
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;
1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
1 Peter 4:8 And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.
2 Peter 1:7 And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.

patience:

Revelation 2:3 And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.

the last:

Revelation 2:4 Nevertheless I have [somewhat] against thee, because thou hast left thy first love.
Job 17:9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.
Psalms 92:14 They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing;
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
John 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 17:9. Ps 92:14. Pv 4:18. Jn 15:2. 1Co 13:1. Col 3:14. 1Th 3:6. 2Th 1:3. 1Ti 1:5. 1P 4:8. 2P 1:7; 3:18. Rv 2:2, 3, 4, 9, 13.

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