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Revelation 19:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it was given unto her that she should array herself in fine linen, bright [and] pure: for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright [and] clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it was given to her that she should be clothed in fine linen, bright [and] pure; for the fine linen is the righteousnesses of the saints.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and it hath been given unto her, that she should be arrayed in fine linen, bright, pure, for, the fine linen, is, the righteous acts of the saints.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and there was given to her that she may be arrayed with fine linen, pure and shining, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it is granted to her that she should clothe herself with fine linen, glittering and white. For the fine linen are the justifications of saints.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And to her was granted, that she should bee arayed in fine linnen, cleane and white: for the fine linnen is the righteousnesse of Saints.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And it was given to her to be arrayed in fine linen, resplendent and pure; for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And it was granted her to be clothed in fine linen, bright and clean: for fine linen is the righteousnesses of the saints.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to her 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
was granted 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
she should be arrayed 4016
{4016} Prime
περιβάλλω
periballo
{per-ee-bal'-lo}
From G4012 and G0906; to throw all around, that is, invest (with a palisade or with clothing).
z5643
<5643> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 15
in fine linen, 1039
{1039} Prime
βύσσινος
bussinos
{boos'-see-nos}
From G1040; made of linen (neuter of linen cloth).
clean 2513
{2513} Prime
καθαρός
katharos
{kath-ar-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; clean (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
white: 2986
{2986} Prime
λαμπρός
lampros
{lam-pros'}
From the same as G2985; radiant; by analogy limpid; figuratively magnificent or sumptuous (in appearance).
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fine linen 1039
{1039} Prime
βύσσινος
bussinos
{boos'-see-nos}
From G1040; made of linen (neuter of linen cloth).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
righteousness 1345
{1345} Prime
δικαίωμα
dikaioma
{dik-ah'-yo-mah}
From G1344; an equitable deed; by implication a statute or decision.
of saints. 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 19:8

_ _ granted — Though in one sense she “made herself ready,” having by the Spirit’s work in her put on “the wedding garment,” yet in the fullest sense it is not she, but her Lord, who makes her ready by “granting to her that she be arrayed in fine linen.” It is He who, by giving Himself for her, presents her to Himself a glorious Church, not having spot, but holy and without blemish. It is He also who sanctifies her, naturally vile and without beauty, with the washing of water by the word, and puts His own comeliness on her, which thus becomes hers.

_ _ clean and white — so Andreas. But A and B transpose. Translate, “bright and pure”; at once brilliantly splendid and spotless as in the bride herself.

_ _ righteousnessGreek, “righteousnesses”; distributively used. Each saint must have this righteousness: not merely be justified, as if the righteousness belonged to the Church in the aggregate; the saints together have righteousnesses; namely, He is accounted as “the Lord our righteousness” to each saint on his believing, their robes being made white in the blood of the Lamb. The righteousness of the saint is not, as Alford erroneously states, inherent, but is imputed: if it were otherwise, Christ would be merely enabling the sinner to justify himself. Romans 5:18 is decisive on this. Compare Article XI, Church of England. The justification already given to the saints in title and unseen possession, is now GIVEN them in manifestation: they openly walk with Christ in white. To this, rather than to their primary justification on earth, the reference is here. Their justification before the apostate world, which had persecuted them, contrasts with the judgment and condemnation of the harlot. “Now that the harlot has fallen, the woman triumphs” [Auberlen]. Contrast with the pure fine linen (indicating the simplicity and purity) of the bride, the tawdry ornamentation of the harlot. Babylon, the apostate Church, is the antithesis to new Jerusalem, the transfigured Church of God. The woman (Revelation 12:1-6), the harlot (Revelation 17:1-7), the bride (Revelation 19:1-10), are the three leading aspects of the Church.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 19:5-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 19:8

And it is given to her — By God. The bride is all holy men, the whole invisible church. To be arrayed in fine linen, white and clean — This is an emblem of the righteousness of the saints — Both of their justification and sanctification.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 19:8

And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in (8) fine linen, clean and white: for the fine (9) linen is the (b) righteousness of saints.

(8) As an ensign of kingly and priestly dignity, which Christ bestows on us in (Revelation 1:6). (9) This is a gift given by the husband for marriage sake, and a most choice ornament which Christ gave to us, as to his spouse.

(b) Good works which are lively testimonies of faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to her:

Revelation 3:4-5 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy. ... He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.
Revelation 3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
Psalms 45:13-14 The king's daughter [is] all glorious within: her clothing [is] of wrought gold. ... She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh [himself] with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth [herself] with her jewels.
Ezekiel 16:10 I clothed thee also with broidered work, and shod thee with badgers' skin, and I girded thee about with fine linen, and I covered thee with silk.
Matthew 22:12 And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.
Romans 3:22 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
Romans 13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
Ephesians 5:26-27 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, ... That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

white:
or, bright,
Matthew 17:2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
Mark 9:3 And his raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them.
Luke 24:4 And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments:
Acts 1:10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;

the fine:

Revelation 7:13-14 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they? ... And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
Psalms 132:9 Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness; and let thy saints shout for joy.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 45:13; 132:9. Is 61:10. Ezk 16:10. Mt 17:2; 22:12. Mk 9:3. Lk 24:4. Ac 1:10. Ro 3:22; 13:14. Ep 5:26. Rv 3:4, 18; 7:13.

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