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Revelation 18:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Render unto her even as she rendered, and double [unto her] the double according to her works: in the cup which she mingled, mingle unto her double.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Pay her back even as she has paid, and give back [to her] double according to her deeds; in the cup which she has mixed, mix twice as much for her.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double to her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled, fill to her double.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Recompense her even as she has recompensed; and double [to her] double, according to her works. In the cup which she has mixed, mix to her double.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Render ye unto her, as, she also, rendered, and double [the] double, according to her works,—in the cup wherein she mixed, mix, unto her, double,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Render to her as also she did render to you, and double to her doubles according to her works; in the cup that she did mingle mingle to her double.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Render to her as she also hath rendered to you: and double unto her double, according to her works. In the cup wherein she hath mingled, mingle ye double unto her.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Reward her euen as she rewarded you, and double vnto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled, fill to her double.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Deal with her as she hath dealt with you, and double to her according to her works. In the cup which she mingled mingle to her double.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Recompense ye to her, as she also hath recompensed; and render to her double, according to her deeds; in the cup which she hath mixed, mix ye to her two fold.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Reward 591
{0591} Prime
ἀποδίδωμι
apodidomi
{ap-od-eed'-o-mee}
From G0575 and G1325; to give away, that is, up, over, back, etc. (in various applications).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
her 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
she 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
z5625
<5625> Grammar
Synonym Strong's Number

The Greek word has more than one possible Strong's number.
y3778
[3778] Standard
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
rewarded 591
{0591} Prime
ἀποδίδωμι
apodidomi
{ap-od-eed'-o-mee}
From G0575 and G1325; to give away, that is, up, over, back, etc. (in various applications).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
double 1363
{1363} Prime
διπλόω
diploo
{dip-lo'-o}
From G1362; to render two fold.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
unto her 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
double 1362
{1362} Prime
διπλοῦς
diplous
{dip-looce'}
From G1364 and (probably) the base of G4119; two fold.
according x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
her y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
works: 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
cup 4221
{4221} Prime
ποτήριον
poterion
{pot-ay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a derivative of the alternate of G4095; a drinking vessel; by extension the contents thereof, that is, a cupful (draught); figuratively a lot or fate.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
she hath filled 2767
{2767} Prime
κεράννυμι
kerannumi
{ker-an'-noo-mee}
A prolonged form of a more primary word κεράω [[kerao]], {ker-ah'-o} (which is used in certain tenses); to mingle, that is, (by implication) to pour out (for drinking).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
fill 2767
{2767} Prime
κεράννυμι
kerannumi
{ker-an'-noo-mee}
A prolonged form of a more primary word κεράω [[kerao]], {ker-ah'-o} (which is used in certain tenses); to mingle, that is, (by implication) to pour out (for drinking).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
to her 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
double. 1362
{1362} Prime
διπλοῦς
diplous
{dip-looce'}
From G1364 and (probably) the base of G4119; two fold.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 18:6

_ _ Addressed to the executioners of God’s wrath.

_ _ RewardGreek, “repay.”

_ _ she rewardedEnglish Version reading adds “you” with none of the oldest manuscripts. But A, B, C, Vulgate, Syriac, and Coptic omit it. She had not rewarded or repaid the world power for some injury which the world power had inflicted on her; but she had given the world power that which was its due, namely, spiritual delusions, because it did not like to retain God in its knowledge; the unfaithful Church’s principle was, “Populus vult decipi, et decipiatur.” “The people like to be deceived, and let them be deceived.”

_ _ double — of sorrow. Contrast with this the double of joy which Jerusalem shall receive for her past suffering (Isaiah 61:7; Zechariah 9:12); even as she has received double punishment for her sins (Isaiah 40:2).

_ _ unto her — So Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas. A, B, and C omit it.

_ _ in the cup — (Revelation 18:3; Revelation 14:8; Revelation 17:4).

_ _ filled — literally “mixed.”

_ _ fill to her double — of the Lord’s cup of wrath.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 18:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 18:6

Reward her — This God speaks to the executioners of his vengeance. Even as she hath rewarded — Others; in particular, the saints of God. And give her double — This, according to the Hebrew idiom, implies only a full retaliation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 18:6

(7) Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.

(7) The provocation of the godly, and the commandment of executing the judgment of God, stand on three causes which are here expressed: the unjust wickedness of the whore of Babylon, in this verse, her cursed pride opposing itself against God, which is the fountain of all evil actions, (Revelation 18:7) and her most just damnation by the sentence of God, (Revelation 18:8).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Reward:

Revelation 13:10 He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.
Revelation 16:5-6 And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus. ... For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.
Exodus 21:23-25 And if [any] mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, ... Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.
Psalms 137:8 O daughter of Babylon, who art to be destroyed; happy [shall he be], that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us.
Jeremiah 50:15 Shout against her round about: she hath given her hand: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down: for it [is] the vengeance of the LORD: take vengeance upon her; as she hath done, do unto her.
Jeremiah 50:29 Call together the archers against Babylon: all ye that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape: recompense her according to her work; according to all that she hath done, do unto her: for she hath been proud against the LORD, against the Holy One of Israel.
Jeremiah 51:24 And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 51:49 As Babylon [hath caused] the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.
2 Timothy 4:14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:

double unto:

Isaiah 40:2 Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD'S hand double for all her sins.
Isaiah 61:7 For your shame [ye shall have] double; and [for] confusion they shall rejoice in their portion: therefore in their land they shall possess the double: everlasting joy shall be unto them.
Jeremiah 16:18 And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; because they have defiled my land, they have filled mine inheritance with the carcases of their detestable and abominable things.
Jeremiah 17:18 Let them be confounded that persecute me, but let not me be confounded: let them be dismayed, but let not me be dismayed: bring upon them the day of evil, and destroy them with double destruction.
Zechariah 9:12 Turn you to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope: even to day do I declare [that] I will render double unto thee;

the cup:

Revelation 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
Revelation 16:19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.
Revelation 17:2 With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication.
Revelation 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 21:23. Ps 137:8. Is 40:2; 61:7. Jr 16:18; 17:18; 50:15, 29; 51:24, 49. Zc 9:12. 2Ti 4:14. Rv 13:10; 14:10; 16:5, 19; 17:2, 4.

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