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Revelation 16:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the fountains of the waters; and it became blood.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the third [angel] poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of waters; and they became blood.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the third poured out his bowl on the rivers, and [on] the fountains of waters; and they became blood.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the third, poured out his bowl into the rivers, and the fountains of waters; and they became blood.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the third messenger did pour out his vial to the rivers, and to the fountains of the waters, and there came blood,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the third poured out his vial upon the rivers and the fountains of waters. And there was made blood.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the third Angel powred out his viall vpon the riuers and fountaines of waters, & they became blood.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the third angel poured his vial upon the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters, and they became blood.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the third angel poured his cup upon the rivers and the fountains of water; and they became blood.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
third 5154
{5154} Prime
τρίτος
tritos
{tree'-tos}
From G5140; third; neuter (as noun) a third part, or (as adverb) a (or the) third time, thirdly.
angel 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
poured out 1632
{1632} Prime
ἐκχέω
ekcheo
{ek-kheh'-o}
From G1537 and χέω [[cheo]] (to pour); to pour forth; figuratively to bestow.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
vial 5357
{5357} Prime
φιάλη
phiale
{fee-al'-ay}
Of uncertain affinity; a broad shallow cup ('phial').
upon 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
rivers 4215
{4215} Prime
ποταμός
potamos
{pot-am-os'}
Probably from a derivative of the alternate of G4095 (compare G4224); a current, brook or freshet (as drinkable), that is, running water.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
fountains 4077
{4077} Prime
πηγή
pege
{pay-gay'}
Probably from G4078 (through the idea of gushing plumply); a fount (literally or figuratively), that is, source or supply (of water, blood, enjoyment), (not necessarily the original spring).
of waters; 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they became 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
blood. 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 16:4

_ _ (Exodus 7:20.)

_ _ angel — so Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas. But A, B, C, and Vulgate omit it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 16:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 16:4

The third poured out his phial on the rivers and fountains of water — Which were over all the earth. And they became blood — So that none could drink thereof.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 16:4

(5) And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

(5) The story of the third angel striking the rivers, in this verse, who proclaiming the justice of God, commends the same by a grave comparison of the sins of men, with the punishment of God: which is common to this place, and that which went before. Wherefore also this praising is attributed to the angel of the waters, a name common to the second and third angels, according as both of them are said to be sent against the waters, though the one of the sea, the other of the rivers, in (Revelation 16:5-6).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
upon:

Revelation 8:10-11 And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; ... And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

and they:

Revelation 16:5 And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.
Revelation 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
Exodus 7:20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that [were] in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that [were] in the river were turned to blood.
Exodus 8:5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.
Isaiah 50:2 Wherefore, when I came, [was there] no man? when I called, [was there] none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because [there is] no water, and dieth for thirst.
Ezekiel 35:8 And I will fill his mountains with his slain [men]: in thy hills, and in thy valleys, and in all thy rivers, shall they fall that are slain with the sword.
Hosea 13:15 Though he be fruitful among [his] brethren, an east wind shall come, the wind of the LORD shall come up from the wilderness, and his spring shall become dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall spoil the treasure of all pleasant vessels.
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Ex 7:20; 8:5. Is 50:2. Ezk 35:8. Ho 13:15. Rv 8:10; 14:7; 16:5.

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