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Revelation 14:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and they sing as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders: and no man could learn the song save the hundred and forty and four thousand, [even] they that had been purchased out of the earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred [and] forty [and] four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And they *sang a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders; and no one could learn the song except the one hundred and forty-four thousand who had been purchased from the earth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred [and] forty four thousand, who were redeemed from the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and they sing a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders. And no one could learn that song save the hundred [and] forty-four thousand who were bought from the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they sing as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders. And, no one, was able to learn the song, save the hundred and forty-four thousand, who had been redeemed from the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they sing, as it were, a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures, and the elders, and no one was able to learn the song except the hundred forty-four thousands, who have been bought from the earth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they sung as it were a new canticle, before the throne and before the four living creatures and the ancients: and no man could say the canticle, but those hundred forty-four thousand who were purchased from the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the foure beasts, and the Elders, and no man could learne that song, but the hundreth and fourtie and foure thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And they hymned a new hymn before the throne, and before the four living-ones, and the presbyters. And no man was able to learn the hymn, but the hundred and forty and four thousand [who were redeemed from the earth].
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they sang a new song before the throne, and before the four Animals and the Elders: and no one was able to learn that song, except the hundred and forty and four thousand who were redeemed from the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they sung 103
{0103} Prime
ᾄδω
ado
{ad'-o}
A primary verb; to sing.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
as it were 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
a new 2537
{2537} Prime
καινός
kainos
{kahee-nos'}
Of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness; while G3501 is properly so with respect to age).
song 5603
{5603} Prime
ᾠδή
ode
{o-day'}
From G0103; a chant or 'ode' (the general term for any words sung; while G5215 denotes especially a religious metrical composition, and G5568 still more specifically a Hebrew cantillation.
before 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
throne, 2362
{2362} Prime
θρόνος
thronos
{thron'-os}
From θράω [[thrao]] (to sit); a stately seat ('throne'); by implication power or (concretely) a potentate.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
before 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
four 5064
{5064} Prime
τέσσαρες
tessares
{tes'-sar-es}
Neuter and a plural number; four.
beasts, 2226
{2226} Prime
ζῷον
zoon
{dzo'-on}
Neuter of a derivative of G2198; a live thing, that is, an animal.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
elders: 4245
{4245} Prime
πρεσβύτερος
presbuteros
{pres-boo'-ter-os}
Comparative of πρέσβυς [[presbus]] (elderly); older; as noun, a senior; specifically an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian 'presbyter'.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
no man 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
could 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
learn 3129
{3129} Prime
μανθάνω
manthano
{man-than'-o}
Prolonged from a primary verb, another form of which, μαθέω [[matheo]], is used as an alternate in certain tenses; to learn (in any way).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
that song 5603
{5603} Prime
ᾠδή
ode
{o-day'}
From G0103; a chant or 'ode' (the general term for any words sung; while G5215 denotes especially a religious metrical composition, and G5568 still more specifically a Hebrew cantillation.
but 1508
{1508} Prime
εἴ μή
ei me
{i may}
From G1487 and G3361; if not.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hundred y1540
[1540] Standard
ἑκατόν
hekaton
{hek-at-on'}
Of uncertain affinity; a hundred.
[and] forty y5062
[5062] Standard
τεσσαράκοντα
tessarakonta
{tes-sar-ak'-on-tah}
The decade of G5064; forty.
[and] four y5064
[5064] Standard
τέσσαρες
tessares
{tes'-sar-es}
Neuter and a plural number; four.
thousand, 5505
{5505} Prime
χιλιάς
chilias
{khil-ee-as'}
From G5507; one thousand ('chiliad').
x1540
(1540) Complement
ἑκατόν
hekaton
{hek-at-on'}
Of uncertain affinity; a hundred.
x5062
(5062) Complement
τεσσαράκοντα
tessarakonta
{tes-sar-ak'-on-tah}
The decade of G5064; forty.
x5064
(5064) Complement
τέσσαρες
tessares
{tes'-sar-es}
Neuter and a plural number; four.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
were redeemed 59
{0059} Prime
ἀγοράζω
agorazo
{ag-or-ad'-zo}
From G0058; properly to go to market, that is, (by implication) to purchase; specifically to redeem.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth. 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 14:3

_ _ sungGreek, “sing.”

_ _ as it were — So A, C, and Vulgate read. It is “as it were” a new song; for it is, in truth, as old as God’s eternal purpose. But B, Syriac, Coptic, Origen, and Andreas omit these words.

_ _ new song — (Revelation 5:9, Revelation 5:10). The song is that of victory after conflict with the dragon, beast, and false prophet: never sung before, for such a conflict had never been fought before; therefore new: till now the kingdom of Christ on earth had been usurped; they sing the new song in anticipation of His blood-bought kingdom with His saints.

_ _ four beasts — rather, as Greek, “four living creatures.” The harpers and singers evidently include the 144,000: so the parallel proves (Revelation 15:2, Revelation 15:3), where the same act is attributed to the general company of the saints, the harvest (Revelation 14:15) from all nations. Not as Alford, “the harpers and song are in heaven, but the 144,000 are on earth.”

_ _ redeemed — literally, “purchased.” Not even the angels can learn that song, for they know not experimentally what it is to have “come out of the great tribulation, and washed their robes white in the blood of the Lamb” (Revelation 7:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 14:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 14:3

And they — The hundred forty — four thousand — Sing a new song — and none could learn that song — To sing and play it in the same manner. But the hundred forty — four thousand who were redeemed from the earth — From among men; from all sin.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a:

Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous [are] thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true [are] thy ways, thou King of saints.
Psalms 33:3 Sing unto him a new song; play skilfully with a loud noise.
Psalms 40:3 And he hath put a new song in my mouth, [even] praise unto our God: many shall see [it], and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.
Psalms 96:1 O sing unto the LORD a new song: sing unto the LORD, all the earth.
Psalms 98:1 [[A Psalm.]] O sing unto the LORD a new song; for he hath done marvellous things: his right hand, and his holy arm, hath gotten him the victory.
Psalms 144:9 I will sing a new song unto thee, O God: upon a psaltery [and] an instrument of ten strings will I sing praises unto thee.
Psalms 149:1 Praise ye the LORD. Sing unto the LORD a new song, [and] his praise in the congregation of saints.
Isaiah 42:10 Sing unto the LORD a new song, [and] his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof.

throne:

Revelation 4:2-11 And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and [one] sat on the throne. ... Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

no:

Revelation 14:1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty [and] four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads.
Revelation 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it].
Psalms 25:14 The secret of the LORD [is] with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant.
Matthew 11:25-27 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. ... All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and [he] to whomsoever the Son will reveal [him].
1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.

redeemed:

Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 25:14; 33:3; 40:3; 96:1; 98:1; 144:9; 149:1. Is 42:10. Mt 11:25. 1Co 1:18; 2:14. Rv 2:17; 4:2; 5:9; 14:1; 15:3.

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