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Revelation 14:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the winepress was trodden without the city, and there came out blood from the winepress, even unto the bridles of the horses, as far as a thousand and six hundred furlongs.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand [and] six hundred furlongs.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the wine press was trodden outside the city, and blood came out from the wine press, up to the horses’ bridles, for a distance of two hundred miles.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the wine-press was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the wine-press, even to the horses' bridles, by the space of a thousand [and] six hundred furlongs.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the wine-press was trodden without the city, and blood went out of the wine-press to the bits of the horses for a thousand six hundred stadia.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the wine-press was trodden outside the city, and there came forth blood out of the wine-press, even unto the bits of the horses, at a distance of a thousand six hundred furlongs.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and trodden was the wine-press outside of the city, and blood did come forth out of the wine-press—unto the bridles of the horses, a thousand, six hundred furlongs.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the press was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the press, up to the horses' bridles, for a thousand and six hundred furlongs.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the winepresse was troden without the citie, and blood came out of the winepresse, euen vnto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and sixe hundred furlongs.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the winepress was trodden [without the city, and blood flowed from the winepress] unto the bridles of the horses, a thousand and six hundred stadia.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the wine-press was trodden, up to the horses' bridles, for a thousand and six hundred furlongs.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
winepress 3025
{3025} Prime
ληνός
lenos
{lay-nos'}
Apparently a primary word; a trough, that is, wine vat.
was trodden 3961
{3961} Prime
πατέω
pateo
{pat-eh'-o}
From a derivative probably of G3817 (meaning a 'path'); to trample (literally or figuratively).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
without 1854
{1854} Prime
ἔξω
exo
{ex'-o}
Adverb from G1537; out (side, of doors), literally or figuratively.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
city, 4172
{4172} Prime
πόλις
polis
{pol'-is}
Probably from the same as G4171, or perhaps from G4183; a town (properly with walls, of greater or less size).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
blood 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
came 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
out of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
winepress, 3025
{3025} Prime
ληνός
lenos
{lay-nos'}
Apparently a primary word; a trough, that is, wine vat.
even unto 891
{0891} Prime
ἄχρι
achri
{akh'-ree}
Akin to G0206 (through the idea of a terminus); (of time) until or (of place) up to.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
horse 2462
{2462} Prime
ἵππος
hippos
{hip'-pos}
Of uncertain affinity; a horse.
bridles, 5469
{5469} Prime
χαλινός
chalinos
{khal-ee-nos'}
From G5465 a curb or head stall (as curbing the spirit).
by the space of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
a thousand y5507
[5507] Standard
χίλιοι
chilioi
{khil'-ee-oy}
Plural of uncertain affinity; a thousand.
[and] six hundred 1812
{1812} Prime
ἑξακόσιοι
hexakosioi
{hex-ak-os'-ee-oy}
Plural ordinal from G1803 and G1540; six hundred.
x5507
(5507) Complement
χίλιοι
chilioi
{khil'-ee-oy}
Plural of uncertain affinity; a thousand.
furlongs. 4712
{4712} Prime
στάδιον
stadion
{stad'-ee-on}
From the base of G2476 (as fixed); a stade or certain measure of distance; by implication a stadium or race course.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 14:20

_ _ without the city — Jerusalem. The scene of the blood-shedding of Christ and His people shall be also the scene of God’s vengeance on the Antichristian foe. Compare the “horsemen,” Revelation 9:16, Revelation 9:17.

_ _ blood — answering to the red wine. The slaughter of the apostates is what is here spoken of, not their eternal punishment.

_ _ even unto the horse bridles — of the avenging “armies of heaven.”

_ _ by the space of a thousand ... six hundred furlongs — literally, “a thousand six hundred furlongs off” [W. Kelly]. Sixteen hundred is a square number; four by four by one hundred. The four quarters, north, south, east, and west, of the Holy Land, or else of the world (the completeness and universality of the world-wide destruction being hereby indicated). It does not exactly answer to the length of Palestine as given by Jerome, one hundred sixty Roman miles. Bengel thinks the valley of Kedron, between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, is meant, the torrent in that valley being about to be discolored with blood to the extent of sixteen hundred furlongs. This view accords with Joel’s prophecy that the valley of Jehoshaphat is to be the scene of the overthrow of the Antichristian foes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 14:13-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 14:20

And the winepress was trodden — By the Son of God, Revelation 19:15. Without the city — Jerusalem. They to whom St. John writes, when a man said, "The city," immediately understood this. And blood came out of the winepress, even to the horses' bridles — So deep at its first flowing from the winepress! One thousand six hundred furlongs — So far! at least two hundred miles, through the whole land of Palestine.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 14:20

And the winepress was trodden without the city, (15) and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand [and] six hundred furlongs.

(15) That is, overflowed very deep, and very far and wide: the speech is exaggeration to signify the greatness of the slaughter. These are those pleasant fruits truly, of the contempt of Christ, and desiring of Antichrist rather than him, which the miserable, mad and blind world reaps at this time.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the winepress:

Isaiah 63:1-3 Who [is] this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. ... I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.
Lamentations 1:15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty [men] in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, [as] in a winepress.

without:

Revelation 11:8 And their dead bodies [shall lie] in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.
Hebrews 13:11-12 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. ... Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.

and blood:

Revelation 19:14-21 And the armies [which were] in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. ... And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which [sword] proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
Isaiah 34:5-7 For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment. ... And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness.
Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.
Ezekiel 39:17-21 And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, [even] a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood. ... And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.
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Is 34:5; 63:1; 66:24. Lm 1:15. Ezk 39:17. He 13:11. Rv 11:8; 19:14.

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