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Revelation 12:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when the dragon saw that he was cast down to the earth, he persecuted the woman that brought forth the man [child].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man [child].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And when the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male [child].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the dragon saw that he was cast to the earth, he persecuted the woman who brought forth the male-[child].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when the dragon saw that he had been cast out into the earth, he persecuted the woman which bore the male [child].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when the dragon saw that he was cast to the earth, he pursued the woman who had brought forth the manchild.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And when the dragon saw that he was cast forth to the earth, he pursued the woman who did bring forth the male,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman who brought forth the man child.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the dragon saw that he was cast vnto the earth, hee persecuted the woman which brought foorth the man childe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when the dragon saw that he was cast down upon the earth, he pursued the woman which gave birth to the son.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when the dragon saw that he was cast out upon the earth, he persecuted the woman who brought forth the male child.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when 3753
{3753} Prime
ὅτε
hote
{hot'-eh}
From G3739 and G5037; at which (thing) too, that is, when.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
dragon 1404
{1404} Prime
δράκων
drakon
{drak'-own}
Probably from an alternate form of δέρκομαι [[derkomai]] (to look); a fabulous kind of serpent (perhaps as supposed to fascinate).
saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he was cast 906
{0906} Prime
βάλλω
ballo
{bal'-lo}
A primary verb; to throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth, 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
he persecuted 1377
{1377} Prime
διώκω
dioko
{dee-o'-ko}
A prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb δίω [[dio]] (to flee; compare the base of G1169 and G1249); to pursue (literally or figuratively); by implication to persecute.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
woman 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
which 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
brought forth 5088
{5088} Prime
τίκτω
tikto
{tik'-to}
A strengthened from of a primary word τέκω [[teko]], {tek'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to produce (from seed, as a mother, a plant, the earth, etc.), literal or figurative.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
man 730
{0730} Prime
ἄρρην
arrhen
{ar'-hrane}
Probably from G0142; male (as stronger for lifting).
[child].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 12:13

_ _ Resuming from Revelation 12:6 the thread of the discourse, which had been interrupted by the episode, Revelation 12:7-12 (giving in the invisible world the ground of the corresponding conflict between light and darkness in the visible world), this verse accounts for her flight into the wilderness (Revelation 12:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 12:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 12:13

And when the dragon saw — That be could no longer accuse the saints in heaven, he turned his wrath to do all possible mischief on earth. He persecuted the woman — The ancient persecutions of the church were mentioned, Revelation 1:9, Revelation 2:10, Revelation 7:14; but this persecution came after her flight, Revelation 12:6, just at the beginning of the third woe. Accordingly, in the tenth and eleventh centuries, the church was furiously persecuted by several heathen powers. In Prussia, king Adelbert was killed in the year 997, king Brunus in 1008; and when king Stephen encouraged Christianity in Hungary, he met with violent opposition. After his death, the heathens in Hungary set themselves to root it out, and prevailed for several years. About the same time, the army of the emperor, Henry the Third, was totally overthrown by the Vandals. These, and all the accounts of those times, show with what fury the dragon then persecuted the woman.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 12:13

And when (17) the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man [child].

(17) The third part: a history of the woman delivered, consisting of two parts, the present battle of Satan against the Christian Church of the Jewish nation, in (Revelation 12:13-16): and the battle intended against the Church of the Gentiles, which is called holy by reason of the gospel of Christ in (Revelation 12:17).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Revelation 12:4-5 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. ... And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and [to] his throne.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Psalms 37:12-14 The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. ... The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy, [and] to slay such as be of upright conversation.
John 16:33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.
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Gn 3:15. Ps 37:12. Jn 16:33. Rv 12:4.

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