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Revelation 11:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks, standing before the Lord of the earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These are the two olive-trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These are the two olive trees and the two lamps which stand before the Lord of the earth;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These, are the two olive-trees, and the two lamps, which, before the Lord of the earth, do stand.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— these are the two olive [trees], and the two lamp-stands that before the God of the earth do stand;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks that stand before the Lord of the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These are the two oliue trees, and the two candlestickes, standing before the God of the earth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— These are the two olive (trees) and two candlesticks which before the Lord of the earth do stand.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— These are the two olive-trees, and the two candlesticks which stand before the Lord of the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
two 1417
{1417} Prime
δύο
duo
{doo'-o}
A primary numeral; 'two'.
olive y1636
[1636] Standard
ἐλαία
elaia
{el-ah'-yah}
Feminine of a presumed derivative from an obsolete primary; an olive (the tree or the fruit).
trees, x1636
(1636) Complement
ἐλαία
elaia
{el-ah'-yah}
Feminine of a presumed derivative from an obsolete primary; an olive (the tree or the fruit).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
two 1417
{1417} Prime
δύο
duo
{doo'-o}
A primary numeral; 'two'.
candlesticks 3087
{3087} Prime
λυχνία
luchnia
{lookh-nee'-ah}
From G3088; a lamp stand (literally or figuratively).
standing 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
before 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth. 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 11:4

_ _ standing before the God of the earth — A, B, C, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas read “Lord” for “God”: so Zechariah 4:14. Ministering to (Luke 1:19), and as in the sight of Him, who, though now so widely disowned on “earth,” is its rightful King, and shall at last be openly recognized as such (Revelation 11:15). The phrase alludes to Zechariah 4:10, Zechariah 4:14, “the two anointed ones that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.” The article “the” marks this allusion. They are “the two candlesticks,” not that they are the Church, the one candlestick, but as its representative light-bearers (Greek,phosteres,” Philippians 2:15), and ministering for its encouragement in a time of apostasy. Wordsworth’s view is worth consideration, whether it may not constitute a secondary sense: the two witnesses, the olive trees, are THE TWO TESTAMENTS ministering their testimony to the Church of the old dispensation, as well as to that of the new, which explains the two witnesses being called also the two candlesticks (the Old and New Testament churches; the candlestick in Zechariah 4:2 is but one as there was then but one Testament, and one Church, the Jewish). The Church in both dispensations has no light in herself, but derives it from the Spirit through the witness of the twofold word, the two olive trees: compare Note, see on Revelation 11:1, which is connected with this, the reed, the Scripture canon, being the measure of the Church: so Primasius [X, p. 314]: the two witnesses preach in sackcloth, marking the ignominious treatment which the word, like Christ Himself, receives from the world. So the twenty-four elders represent the ministers of the two dispensations by the double twelve. But Revelation 11:7 proves that primarily the two Testaments cannot be meant; for these shall never be “killed,” and never “shall have finished their testimony” till the world is finished.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 11:3-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 11:4

These are the two olive trees — That is, as Zerubbabel and Joshua, the two olive trees spoken of by Zechariah, Zechariah 3:9, Zechariah 4:10, were then the two chosen instruments in God's hand, even so shall these. be in their season. Being themselves full of the unction of the Holy One, they shall continually transmit the same to others also. And the two candlesticks — Burning and shining lights. Standing before the Lord of the earth — Always waiting on God, without the help of man, and asserting his right over the earth and all things therein.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 11:4

These (8) are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

(8) That is, the ordinary and perpetual instruments of spiritual grace, peace and light in my Church, which God by his only power preserved in this Temple. See (Zechariah 4:3).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
two olive:

Psalms 52:8 But I [am] like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever.
Jeremiah 11:16 The LORD called thy name, A green olive tree, fair, [and] of goodly fruit: with the noise of a great tumult he hath kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken.
Zechariah 4:2-3 And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all [of] gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which [are] upon the top thereof: ... And two olive trees by it, one upon the right [side] of the bowl, and the other upon the left [side] thereof.
Zechariah 4:11-14 Then answered I, and said unto him, What [are] these two olive trees upon the right [side] of the candlestick and upon the left [side] thereof? ... Then said he, These [are] the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.
Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;

two candlesticks:

Revelation 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
Matthew 5:14-16 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. ... Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
Luke 11:33 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth [it] in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.

standing:

Deuteronomy 10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister unto him, and to bless in his name, unto this day.
1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, [who was] of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, [As] the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.

the God:

Exodus 8:22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms [of flies] shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I [am] the LORD in the midst of the earth.
Isaiah 54:5 For thy Maker [is] thine husband; the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.
Micah 4:13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.
Zechariah 4:14 Then said he, These [are] the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 8:22. Dt 10:8. 1K 17:1. Ps 52:8. Is 54:5. Jr 11:16. Mi 4:13. Zc 4:2, 11, 14. Mt 5:14. Lk 11:33. Ro 11:17. Rv 1:20.

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