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Revelation 10:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they say unto me, Thou must prophesy again over many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And they *said to me, “You must prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said to me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and languages, and kings.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it was said to me, Thou must prophesy again as to peoples and nations and tongues and many kings.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they say unto me—It behoveth thee again to prophesy against peoples and nations and tongues, and many kings.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he saith to me, 'It behoveth thee again to prophesy about peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings—many.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said to me: Thou must prophesy again to many nations and peoples and tongues and kings.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he sayd vnto me, Thou must prophesie againe before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he said to me, It behoves thee yet to prophesy concerning many nations, and concerning peoples and princes and kings.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And be said to me, Thou must again prophesy upon many nations, and peoples, and princes, and kings.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he said 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto me, 3427
{3427} Prime
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
Thou 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
must 1163
{1163} Prime
δεῖ
dei
{die}
Third person singular active present of G1210; also δεόν [[deon]], {deh-on'}; which is neuter active participle of the same; both used impersonally; it is (was, etc.) necessary (as binding).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
prophesy 4395
{4395} Prime
προφητεύω
propheteuo
{prof-ate-yoo'-o}
From G4396; to foretell events, divine, speak under inspiration, exercise the prophetic office.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
again 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
before 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
peoples, 2992
{2992} Prime
λαός
laos
{lah-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
nations, 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
tongues, 1100
{1100} Prime
γλῶσσα
glossa
{gloce-sah'}
Of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication a language (specifically one naturally unacquired).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
kings. 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 10:11

_ _ he said — A, B, and Vulgate read, “they say unto me”; an indefinite expression for “it was said unto me.”

_ _ Thou must — The obligation lies upon thee, as the servant of God, to prophesy at His command.

_ _ again — as thou didst already in the previous part of this book of Revelation.

_ _ before, etc. — rather as Greek (epilaois), “concerning many peoples,” etc., namely, in their relation to the Church. The eating of the book, as in Ezekiel’s case, marks John’s inauguration to his prophetical office — here to a fresh stage in it, namely, the revealing of the things which befall the holy city and the Church of God — the subject of the rest of the book.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 10:8-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 10:11

Thou must prophesy again — Of the mystery of God; of which the ancient prophets had prophesied before. And he did prophesy, by "measuring the temple," Revelation 11:1; as a prophecy may be delivered either by words or actions. Concerning people, and nations, and tongues, and many kings — The people, nations, and tongues are contemporary; but the kings, being many, succeed one another. These kings are not mentioned for their own sake, but with a view to the "holy city," Revelation 11:2. Here is a reference to the great kingdoms in Spain, England, Italy, &c., which arose from the eighth century; or at least underwent a considerable change, as France and Germany in particular; to the Christian, afterward Turkish, empire in the east; and especially to the various potentates, who have successively reigned at or over Jerusalem, and do now, at least titularly, reign over it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 10:11

(8) And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.

(8) A simple and plain declaration of the sign before, witnessing the divine calling of John, and laying on him the necessity of it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thou:

Revelation 11:9 And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.
Revelation 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
Revelation 17:15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
Jeremiah 1:9-10 Then the LORD put forth his hand, and touched my mouth. And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have put my words in thy mouth. ... See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.
Jeremiah 25:15-30 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it. ... Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread [the grapes], against all the inhabitants of the earth.
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Jr 1:9; 25:15. Rv 11:9; 14:6; 17:15.

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