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Revelation 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like [the sound] of a trumpet,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I became in [the] Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a great voice as of a trumpet,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I came to be, in Spirit, in the Lord's Day, and heard, behind me, a loud voice, as of a trumpet,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I was in the Spirit on the Lord's-day, and I heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, saying,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I was in the spirit on the Lord's day and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I was in the spirit on the Lords day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day; and I heard behind me a great voice as a trumpet, saying,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day; and I heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, which said:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I was 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
on y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
x4151
(4151) Complement
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord's 2960
{2960} Prime
κυριακός
kuriakos
{koo-ree-ak-os'}
From G2962; belonging to the Lord (Jehovah or Jesus).
day, 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
behind 3694
{3694} Prime
ὀπίσω
opiso
{op-is'-o}
From the same as G3693 with enclitic of direction; to the back, that is, aback (as adverb or preposition of time or place; or as noun).
me 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
a great 3173
{3173} Prime
μέγας
megas
{meg'-as}
Including the prolonged forms, feminine μεγάλη [[megale]], plural μέγάλοι [[megaloi]], etc.; compare also G3176, G3187], big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application).
voice, 5456
{5456} Prime
φωνή
phone
{fo-nay'}
Probably akin to G5316 through the idea of disclosure; a tone (articulate, bestial or artificial); by implication an address (for any purpose), saying or language.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
of a trumpet, 4536
{4536} Prime
σάλπιγξ
salpigx
{sal'-pinx}
Perhaps from G4535 (through the idea of quavering or reverberation); a trumpet.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Revelation 1:10

_ _ I wasGreek, “I came to be”; “I became.”

_ _ in the Spirit — in a state of ecstasy; the outer world being shut out, and the inner and higher life or spirit being taken full possession of by God’s Spirit, so that an immediate connection with the invisible world is established. While the prophet “speaks” in the Spirit, the apocalyptic seer is in the Spirit in his whole person. The spirit only (that which connects us with God and the invisible world) is active, or rather recipient, in the apocalyptic state. With Christ this being “in the Spirit” was not the exception, but His continual state.

_ _ on the Lord’s day — Though forcibly detained from Church communion with the brethren in the sanctuary on the Lord’s day, the weekly commemoration of the resurrection, John was holding spiritual communion with them. This is the earliest mention of the term, “the Lord’s day.” But the consecration of the day to worship, almsgiving, and the Lord’s Supper, is implied in Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2; compare John 20:19-26. The name corresponds to “the Lord’s Supper,” 1 Corinthians 11:20. Ignatius seems to allude to “the Lord’s day” [Epistle to the Magnesians, 9], and Irenaeus [Quaest ad Orthod., 115] (in Justin Martyr). Justin Martyr [Apology, 2.98], etc., “On Sunday we all hold our joint meeting; for the first day is that on which God, having removed darkness and chaos, made the world, and Jesus Christ our Savior rose from the dead. On the day before Saturday they crucified Him; and on the day after Saturday, which is Sunday, having appeared to His apostles and disciples, He taught these things.” To the Lord’s day Pliny doubtless refers [Epistles, Book X., p. 97], “The Christians on a fixed day before dawn meet and sing a hymn to Christ as God,” etc. Tertullian [The Chaplet, 3], “On the Lord’s day we deem it wrong to fast.” Melito, bishop of Sardis (second century), wrote a book on the Lord’s day [Eusebius 4.26]. Also, Dionysius of Corinth, in Eusebius [Ecclesiastical History, 4.23, 8]. Clement of Alexandria [Miscellanies, 5. and 7.12]; Origen [Against Celsus, 8. 22]. The theory that the day of Christ’s second coming is meant, is untenable. “The day of the Lord” is different in the Greek from “the Lord’s (an adjective) day,” which latter in the ancient Church always designates our Sunday, though it is not impossible that the two shall coincide (at least in some parts of the earth), whence a tradition is mentioned in Jerome [Commentary on Matthew, 25], that the Lord’s coming was expected especially on the Paschal Lord’s day. The visions of the Apocalypse, the seals, trumpets, and vials, etc., are grouped in sevens, and naturally begin on the first day of the seven, the birthday of the Church, whose future they set forth [Wordsworth].

_ _ great voice — summoning solemn attention; Greek order, “I heard a voice behind me great (loud) as (that) of a trumpet.” The trumpet summoned to religious feasts, and accompanies God’s revelations of Himself.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Revelation 1:9-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Revelation 1:10

I was in the Spirit — That is, in a trance, a prophetic vision; so overwhelmed with the power, and filled with the light, of the Holy Spirit, as to be insensible of outward things, and wholly taken up with spiritual and divine. What follows is one single, connected vision, which St. John saw in one day; and therefore he that would understand it should carry his thought straight on through the whole, without interruption. The other prophetic books are collections of distinct prophecies, given upon various occasions: but here is one single treatise, whereof all the parts exactly depend on each other. Revelation 4:1 is connected with Revelation 1:19 and what is delivered in the fourth chapter goes on directly to the twenty — second. On the Lord's day — On this our Lord rose from the dead: on this the ancients believed he will come to judgment. It was, therefore, with the utmost propriety that St. John on this day both saw and described his coming. And I heard behind me — St. John had his face to the east: our Lord, likewise, in this appearance looked eastward toward Asia, whither the apostle was to write. A great voice, as of a trumpet — Which was peculiarly proper to proclaim the coming of the great King, and his victory over all his enemies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Revelation 1:10

I was in the (h) Spirit on the (i) Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,

(h) This is a holy trance expressed, with which the prophets were entranced, and being carried out of the world, conversed with God: and so Ezekiel says often, that he was carried from place to place by the Spirit, and that the Spirit of the Lord came on him.

(i) He calls it the Lord's day, which Paul calls the first day of the week; (1 Corinthians 16:2).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in:

Revelation 4:2 And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and [one] sat on the throne.
Revelation 17:3 So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.
Revelation 21:10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
Matthew 22:43 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,
Acts 10:10-33 And he became very hungry, and would have eaten: but while they made ready, he fell into a trance, ... Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God.
2 Corinthians 12:2-4 I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven. ... How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.

on the:

John 20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the first [day] of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace [be] unto you.
John 20:26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: [then] came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace [be] unto you.
Acts 20:7 And upon the first [day] of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.
1 Corinthians 16:2 Upon the first [day] of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as [God] hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.

as:

Revelation 4:1 After this I looked, and, behold, a door [was] opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard [was] as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.
Revelation 10:3-8 And cried with a loud voice, as [when] a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices. ... And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go [and] take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth.
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Mt 22:43. Jn 20:19, 26. Ac 10:10; 20:7. 1Co 16:2. 2Co 12:2. Rv 4:1, 2; 10:3; 17:3; 21:10.

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