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Psalms 99:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Moses and Aaron among his priests, And Samuel among them that call upon his name; They called upon Jehovah, and he answered them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moses and Aaron were among His priests, And Samuel was among those who called on His name; They called upon the LORD and He answered them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name: they called unto Jehovah, and *he* answered them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moses and Aaron, [were] among his priests, And, Samuel, [was] among them who were calling upon his Name, Who were calling upon Yahweh, and, he, used to answer them:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Moses and Aaron among His priests, And Samuel among those proclaiming His name. They are calling unto Jehovah, And He doth answer them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Moses and Aaron among his priests: and Samuel among them that call upon his name. They called upon the Lord, and he heard them:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Moses and Aaron among his Priests, and Samuel among them that call vpon his Name: they called vpon the LORD, and he answered them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Mosheh{gr.Moses} and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the Lord, and he heard them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Mosheh and Aharon among his priests, and Shemuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon Yahweh, and he answered them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
and Ahrn אַהֲרֹן 175
{0175} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
among his priests, 3548
{3548} Prime
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
and ml שְׁמוּאֵל 8050
{8050} Prime
From the passive participle of H8085 and H0410; heard of God; Shemuel, the name of three Israelites.
among them that call y7121
[7121] Standard
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon x7121
(7121) Complement
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
his name; 8034
{8034} Prime
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
they called 7121
{7121} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and he x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
answered 6030
{6030} Prime
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 99:6-8

_ _ The experience of these servants of God is cited for encouragement.

_ _ among ... priests, among ... upon the Lord [and] He spake ... pillar — may be referred to all three (compare Exodus 18:19; Leviticus 8:15; Deuteronomy 5:5; 1 Samuel 9:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 99:6-9

_ _ The happiness of Israel in God's government is here further made out by some particular instances of his administration, especially with reference to those that were, in their day, the prime leaders and most active useful governors of that people — Moses, Aaron, and Samuel, in the two former of whom the theocracy or divine government began (for they were employed to form Israel into a people) and in the last of whom that form of government, in a great measure, ended; for when the people rejected Samuel, and urged him to resign, they are said to reject God himself, that he should not be so immediately their king as he had been (1 Samuel 8:7), for now they would have a king, like all the nations. Moses, as well as Aaron, is said to be among his priests, for he executed the priest's office till Aaron was settled in it and he consecrated Aaron and his sons; therefore the Jews call him the priest of the priests. Now concerning these three chief rulers observe,

_ _ I. The intimate communion they had with God, and the wonderful favour to which he admitted them. None of all the nations of the earth could produce three such men as these, that had such an intercourse with Heaven, and whom God knew by name, Exodus 33:17. Here is, 1. Their gracious observance of God. No kingdom had men that honoured God as these three men of the kingdom of Israel did. They honoured him, (1.) By their prayers. Samuel, though not among his priests, yet was among those that called on his name; and for this they were all famous, They called upon the Lord; they relied not on their own wisdom or virtue, but in every emergency had recourse to God, towards him was their desire, and on him their dependence. (2.) By their obedience: They kept his testimonies, and the ordinances that he gave them; they made conscience of their duty, and in every thing made God's word and law their rule, as knowing that unless they did so they could not expect their prayers should be answered, Proverbs 28:9. Moses did all according to the pattern shown him; it is often repeated, According to all that God commanded Moses, so did he. Aaron and Samuel did likewise. Those were the greatest men and most honourable that were most eminent for keeping God's testimonies and conforming to the rule of his word. 2. God's gracious acceptance of them: He answered them, and granted them the things which they called upon him for. They all wonderfully prevailed with God in prayer; miracles were wrought at their special instance and request; nay, he not only condescended to do that for them which they desired, as a prince for a petitioner, but he communed with them as one friend familiarly converses with another (Psalms 99:7): He spoke unto them in the cloudy pillar. He often spoke to Samuel; from his childhood the word of the Lord came to him, and, probably, sometimes he spoke to him by a bright cloud overshadowing him: however, to Moses and Aaron he often spoke out of the famous cloudy pillar, Exodus 16:10; Numbers 12:5. Israel are now reminded of this, for the confirming of their faith, that though they had not every day such sensible tokens of God's presence as the cloudy pillar was, yet to those that were their first founders, and to him that was their great reformer, God was pleased thus to manifest himself.

_ _ II. The good offices they did to Israel. They interceded for the people, and for them also they obtained many an answer of peace. Moses stood in the gap, and Aaron between the living and the dead; and, when Israel was in distress, Samuel cried unto the Lord for them, 1 Samuel 7:9. This is here referred to (Psalms 99:8): “Thou answeredst them, O Lord our God! and, at their prayer, thou wast a God that forgavest the people they prayed for; and, though thou tookest vengeance of their inventions, yet thou didst not cut them off from being a people, as their sin deserved.” “Thou wast a God that wast propitious for them (so Dr. Hammond), for their sakes, and sparedst the people at their request, even when thou wast about to take vengeance of their inventions, that is, when thy wrath was so highly provoked against them that it was just ready to break in upon them, to their utter overthrow.” These were some of the many remarkable instances of God's dominion in Israel, more than in any other nation, for which the people are again called upon to praise God (Psalms 99:9): “Exalt the Lord our God, on account of what he has done for us formerly, as well as of late, and worship at his holy hill of Zion, on which he has now set his temple and will shortly set his King (Psalms 2:6), the former a type of the latter; there, as the centre of unity, let all God's Israel meet, with their adorations, for the Lord our God is holy, and appears so, not only in his holy law, but in his holy gospel.”

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 99:6

Moses — Moses before the institution of the priesthood executed that office, Exodus 24:6. That call — Who used frequently and solemnly to intercede with God on the behalf of the people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 99:6

Moses and Aaron among his priests, (d) and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.

(d) Under these three he comprehends the whole people of Israel, with whom God made his promise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 24:6-8 And Moses took half of the blood, and put [it] in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. ... And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled [it] on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.
Exodus 29:11-37 And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, [by] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. ... Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.
Exodus 40:23-29 And he set the bread in order upon it before the LORD; as the LORD had commanded Moses. ... And he put the altar of burnt offering [by] the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation, and offered upon it the burnt offering and the meat offering; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Numbers 16:47-48 And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the midst of the congregation; and, behold, the plague was begun among the people: and he put on incense, and made an atonement for the people. ... And he stood between the dead and the living; and the plague was stayed.

they called:

Exodus 14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward:
Exodus 15:25 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, [which] when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them,
Exodus 32:11-14 And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand? ... And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.
Exodus 33:12-15 And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight. ... And he said unto him, If thy presence go not [with me], carry us not up hence.
Numbers 14:13-20 And Moses said unto the LORD, Then the Egyptians shall hear [it], (for thou broughtest up this people in thy might from among them;) ... And the LORD said, I have pardoned according to thy word:
Numbers 16:21-22 Separate yourselves from among this congregation, that I may consume them in a moment. ... And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?
1 Samuel 7:9-12 And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered [it for] a burnt offering wholly unto the LORD: and Samuel cried unto the LORD for Israel; and the LORD heard him. ... Then Samuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us.
1 Samuel 12:18-24 So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel. ... Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great [things] he hath done for you.
Jeremiah 15:1 Then said the LORD unto me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, [yet] my mind [could] not [be] toward this people: cast [them] out of my sight, and let them go forth.
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