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Psalms 98:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Make a joyful noise unto Jehovah, all the earth: Break forth and sing for joy, yea, sing praises.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all the earth: make a loud noise, and rejoice, and sing praise.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Shout joyfully to the LORD, all the earth; Break forth and sing for joy and sing praises.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Make a joyful noise to the LORD, all the earth: make a loud noise, and rejoice, and sing praise.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Shout aloud unto Jehovah, all the earth; break forth and shout for joy, and sing psalms.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Shout aloud to Yahweh, all the earth, Break forth and make a joyful noise and sweep the strings;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Shout to Jehovah, all the earth, Break forth, and cry aloud, and sing.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Sing joyfully to God, all the earth; make melody, rejoice and sing.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Make a ioyfull noise vnto the LORD, all the earth: make a lowd noise, and reioyce, and sing praise.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Shout to God, all the earth; sing, and exult, and sing psalms.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Make a joyful noise unto Yahweh, all the earth: make a loud noise, and rejoice, and sing praise.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Make a joyful noise 7321
{7321} Prime
רוּעַ
ruwa`
{roo-ah'}
A primitive root; to mar (especially by breaking); figuratively to split the ears (with sound), that is, shout (for alarm or joy).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
unto Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the earth: 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
make a loud noise, 6476
{6476} Prime
פָּצַח
patsach
{paw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; to break out (in joyful sound).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
and rejoice, 7442
{7442} Prime
רָנַן
ranan
{raw-nan'}
A primitive root; properly to creak (or emit a stridulous sound), that is, to shout (usually for joy).
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
and sing y2167
[2167] Standard
זָמַר
zamar
{zaw-mar'}
A primitive root (perhaps identical with H2168 through the idea of striking with the fingers); properly to touch the strings or parts of a musical instrument, that is, play upon it; to make music, accompanied by the voice; hence to celebrate in song and music.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
praise. x2167
(2167) Complement
זָמַר
zamar
{zaw-mar'}
A primitive root (perhaps identical with H2168 through the idea of striking with the fingers); properly to touch the strings or parts of a musical instrument, that is, play upon it; to make music, accompanied by the voice; hence to celebrate in song and music.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 98:4-6

_ _ make a loud noise — or, “burst forth” (Isaiah 14:7; Isaiah 44:23).

_ _ before ... King — hail Him as your sovereign; and while, with every aid to demonstrate zeal and joy, intelligent creatures are invited to praise, as in Psalms 96:11-13, inanimate nature is also summoned to honor Him who triumphs and rules in righteousness and equity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 98:4-9

_ _ The setting up of the kingdom of Christ is here represented as a matter of joy and praise.

_ _ I. Let all the children of men rejoice in it, for they all have, or may have, benefit by it. Again and again we are here called upon by all ways and means possible to express our joy in it and give God praise for it: Make a joyful noise, as before, Psalms 95:1, Psalms 95:2. Make a loud noise, as those that are affected with those glad tidings and are desirous to affect others with them. Rejoice and sing praise, sing Hosannas (Matthew 21:9), sing Hallelujahs, Revelation 19:6. Let him be welcomed to the throne, as new kings are, with acclamations of joy and loud shouts, till the earth ring again, as when Solomon was proclaimed, 1 Kings 1:40. And let the shouts of the crowd be accompanied with the singers and players on instruments (Psalms 87:7; Psalms 68:25), as is usual in such solemnities. 1. Let sacred songs attend the new King: “Sing praise, sing with the voice of a psalm. Express your joy; thus proclaim it, thus excite it yet more, and thus propagate it among others.” 2. Let these be assisted with sacred music, not only with the soft and gentle melody of the harp, but since it is a victorious King whose glory is to be celebrated, who goes forth conquering and to conquer, let him be proclaimed with the martial sound of the trumpet and cornet, Psalms 98:6. Let all this joy be directed to God, and expressed in a solemn religious manner: Make a joyful noise to the Lord, Psalms 98:4. Sing to the Lord, (Psalms 98:5); do it before the Lord, the King, Psalms 98:6. Carnal mirth is an enemy to this holy joy. When David danced before the ark he pleaded that it was before the Lord; and the piety and devotion of the intention not only vindicated what he did, but commended it. We must rejoice before the Lord whenever we draw near to him (Deuteronomy 12:12), before the Lord Jesus, and before him, not only as the Saviour, but as the King, the King of kings, the church's King, and our King.

_ _ II. Let the inferior creatures rejoice in it, Psalms 98:7-9. This is to the same purport with what we had before (Psalms 96:11-13): Let the sea roar, and let that be called, not as it used to be, a dreadful noise, but a joyful noise; for the coming of Christ, and the salvation wrought out by him, have quite altered the property of the troubles and terrors of this world, so that when the floods lift up their voice, lift up their waves, we must not construe that to be the sea roaring against us, but rather rejoicing with us. Let the floods express their joy, as men do when they clap their hands; and let the hills, that trembled for fear before God when he came down to give the law at Mount Sinai, dance for joy before him when his gospel is preached and that word of the Lord goes forth from Zion in a still small voice: Let the hills be joyful together before the Lord. This intimates that the kingdom of Christ would be a blessing to the whole creation; but that, as the inferior creatures declare the glory of the Creator (Psalms 19:1), so they declare the glory of the Redeemer, for by him all things not only subsist in their being, but consist in their order. It intimates likewise that the children of men would be wanting in paying their due respects to the Redeemer, and therefore that he must look for his honour from the sea and the floods, which would shame the stupidity and ingratitude of mankind. And perhaps respect is here had to the new heavens and the new earth, which we yet, according to his promise, look for (2 Peter 3:13), and this second mention of his coming (after the like, Psalms 96:1-13) may principally refer to his second coming, when all these things shall be so dissolved as to be refined; then shall he come to judge the world with righteousness. In the prospect of that day all that are sanctified do rejoice, and even the sea, and the floods, and the hills, would rejoice if they could. One would think that Virgil had these psalms in his eye, as well as the oracles of the Cumean Sibyl, in his fourth eclogue, where he either ignorantly or basely applies to Asinius Pollio the ancient prophecies, which at that time were expected to be fulfilled; for he lived in the reign of Augustus Caesar, a little before our Saviour's birth. He owns they looked for the birth of a child from heaven that should be a great blessing to the world, and restore the golden age: —

Jam nova progenies coelo demittitur alto
A new race descends from the lofty sky;
and that should take away sin: —
Te duce, si qua manent sceleris vestigia nostri,
Irrita perpetua solvent formidine terras
Thy influence shall efface every stain of corruption,
And free the world from alarm.

_ _ Many other things he says of this long-looked-for child, which Ludovicus Vives, in his notes on that eclogue, thinks applicable to Christ; and he concludes, as the psalmist here, with a prospect of the rejoicing of the whole creation herein: —

Aspice, venturo laetentur ut omnia saeclo
See how this promis'd age makes all rejoice.
And, if all rejoice, why should not we?
John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 47:1-5 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.]] O clap your hands, all ye people; shout unto God with the voice of triumph. ... God is gone up with a shout, the LORD with the sound of a trumpet.
Psalms 66:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Song [or] Psalm.]] Make a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands:
Psalms 66:4 All the earth shall worship thee, and shall sing unto thee; they shall sing [to] thy name. Selah.
Psalms 67:4 O let the nations be glad and sing for joy: for thou shalt judge the people righteously, and govern the nations upon earth. Selah.
Psalms 95:1 O come, let us sing unto the LORD: let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation.
Psalms 100:1 [[A Psalm of praise.]] Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands.
Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
Isaiah 42:11 Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up [their voice], the villages [that] Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains.
Isaiah 44:23 Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done [it]: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
Jeremiah 33:11 The voice of joy, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the voice of them that shall say, Praise the LORD of hosts: for the LORD [is] good; for his mercy [endureth] for ever: [and] of them that shall bring the sacrifice of praise into the house of the LORD. For I will cause to return the captivity of the land, as at the first, saith the LORD.
Zephaniah 3:14 Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem.
Matthew 21:9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed [is] he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
Revelation 19:1 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:
Revelation 19:6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 47:1; 66:1, 4; 67:4; 95:1; 100:1. Is 12:6; 42:11; 44:23. Jr 33:11. Zp 3:14. Mt 21:9. Rv 19:1, 6.

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