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Psalms 95:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Harden not your heart, as at Meribah, As in the day of Massah in the wilderness;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah, As in the day of Massah in the wilderness,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Harden not your heart, as at Meribah, as [in] the day of Massah, in the wilderness;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do not harden your heart as at Meribah, As on the day of Massah, in the desert;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Harden not your heart as [in] Meribah, As [in] the day of Massah in the wilderness,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To day if you shall hear his voice, harden not your hearts:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Harden not your heart, as in the prouocation: and as in the day of temptation, in the wildernesse:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— To-day, if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, according to the day of irritation in the wilderness:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Harden 7185
{7185} Prime
קָשָׁה
qashah
{kaw-shaw'}
A primitive root; properly to be dense, that is, tough or severe (in various applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
your heart, 3824
{3824} Prime
לֵבָב
lebab
{lay-bawb'}
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
as in the provocation, 4808
{4808} Prime
מְרִיבָה
m@riybah
{mer-ee-baw'}
From H7378; quarrel.
[and] as [in] the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of temptation 4531
{4531} Prime
מַסָּה
maccah
{mas-saw'}
From H5254; a testing, of men (judicial) or of God (querulous).
in the wilderness: 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 95:8-11

_ _ warning against neglect; and this is sustained by citing the melancholy fate of their rebellious ancestors, whose provoking insolence is described by quoting the language of God’s complaint (Numbers 14:11) of their conduct at Meribah and Massah, names given (Exodus 17:7) to commemorate their strife and contention with Him (Psalms 78:18, Psalms 78:41).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 95:7-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 95:8

Harden not — By obstinate unbelief. Provocation — In that bold and wicked contest with God in the wilderness. Temptation — In the day in which you tempted me.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 95:8

(f) Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness:

(f) By the contemning of God's word.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Harden:

Exodus 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
1 Samuel 6:6 Wherefore then do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had wrought wonderfully among them, did they not let the people go, and they departed?
Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him:
Acts 19:9 But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
Hebrews 12:25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven:

in the:

Exodus 17:2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?
Exodus 17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?
Numbers 14:11 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them?
Numbers 14:22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice;
Numbers 14:27 How long [shall I bear with] this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me.
Numbers 20:13 This [is] the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.
Deuteronomy 1:34-35 And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and sware, saying, ... Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers,
Deuteronomy 6:16 Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, as ye tempted [him] in Massah.
Hebrews 3:8-9 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: ... When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.
Hebrews 3:15-19 While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. ... So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
Jude 1:5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.

provocation:
Heb. contention
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 8:15; 17:2, 7. Nu 14:11, 22, 27; 20:13. Dt 1:34; 6:16. 1S 6:6. Dn 5:20. Ac 19:9. Ro 2:5. He 3:8, 13, 15; 12:25. Jde 1:5.

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